Pictorial Keys to Arthropods, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals of Public Health Significance
This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.
Public health biologists are often responsible for teaching animal identification to personnel (sanitarians, engineers, physicians, veterinarians, etc.) without special training in taxonomy. One of the most successful devices for such training has been the pictorial key. The first U.S. Public Health Service pictorial key was devised by Stanley B. Freeborn and Eugene J. Gerberg (1943) to guide personnel in the identification of anopheline mosquito larvae during our national malaria control program.
After the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was founded (1946) additional keys were developed. At present the CDC utilizes more than 75 such keys in its regular training program. These are the major items incorporated into this booklet. Apropos morphological diagrams are also included.
Precise identification of disease vectors is essential to their efficient control. In using the following keys it should be remembered that only a few of them include all species in a group, and that determinations made using them are only tentative. The pictorial keys are typical of identification keys found in reference works and scientific papers except that they are arranged as diagrams and are illustrated.
Note: This publication was previously issued under the same title by the Center for Disease Control of the U.S. Public Health Service, Atlanta, Georgia. These files are reproductions from the original publication. The publication has not been updated.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction Cdc-pdf[PDF – 440 KB]
General Cdc-pdf[PDF – 791 KB]
Crustacea Cdc-pdf[PDF – 504 KB]
Centipedes Cdc-pdf[PDF – 510 KB]
Millipedes Cdc-pdf[PDF – 510 KB]
Arachnida Cdc-pdf[PDF – 505 KB]
Spiders Cdc-pdf[PDF – 505 KB]
Scorpions Cdc-pdf[PDF – 505 KB]
Acarina Cdc-pdf[PDF – 922 KB]
Ticks Cdc-pdf[PDF – 922 KB]
Mites Cdc-pdf[PDF – 922 KB]
Silverfish Cdc-pdf[PDF – 923 KB]
Collembola Cdc-pdf[PDF – 859 KB]
Cockroaches Cdc-pdf[PDF – 864 KB]
Termites Cdc-pdf[PDF – 859 KB]
Earwigs Cdc-pdf[PDF – 859 KB]
Psocids Cdc-pdf[PDF – 859 KB]
Lice (Anoplura) Cdc-pdf[PDF – 2 MB]
Lice (Mallophaga) Cdc-pdf[PDF – 166 KB]
Bugs Cdc-pdf[PDF – 354 KB]
Lepidoptera Cdc-pdf[PDF – 354 KB]
Beetles Cdc-pdf[PDF – 353 KB]
Hymenoptera Cdc-pdf[PDF – 1.2 MB]
Flies Cdc-pdf[PDF – 677 KB]
Mosquitoes Cdc-pdf[PDF – 1.7 MB]
Fleas Cdc-pdf[PDF – 376 KB]
Snakes Cdc-pdf[PDF – 845 KB]
Birds Cdc-pdf[PDF – 845 KB]
Rodents Cdc-pdf[PDF – 845 KB]
Lagomorphs Cdc-pdf[PDF – 845 KB]
Bats Cdc-pdf[PDF – 849 KB]
Selected References Cdc-pdf[PDF – 845 KB]