Articles About FASDs

Highlighted Articles

Consumption of Alcohol Beverages and Binge Drinking among Pregnant Women Aged 18–44 Years — United States, 2015–2017
In a new Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) article, CDC researchers found that about 1 in 9 pregnant women reported drinking alcohol* in the past 30 days.

Advise about Risky Alcohol Use
Most adults who drink at risky levels and were asked about their alcohol use during checkups were not advised to drink less, according to a new CDC study.

Public Health Practice in Alaska
Read about how alcohol screening and brief intervention became routine practice in Alaska’s public health nursing clinics.

Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure
Report to help providers care for children with neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure.

Alcohol use and binge drinking among women of childbearing age – United States, 2011-2013
1 in 10 pregnant women aged 18-44 years reports consuming alcohol and about 1 in 33 reports binge drinking in the past 30 days. This means that about one third of pregnant women who consume alcohol engage in binge drinking.

Prevalence and characteristics of women at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy
Many women in the United States are at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy, including those who are trying to become pregnant, because they continue drinking alcohol even after they have stopped using contraception (birth control).

Understanding and improving health messages about alcohol and pregnancy
The American Journal of Health Education published a study looking at women’s knowledge and beliefs about alcohol use and its risks during pregnancy, the role others play in influencing women’s behaviors, and women’s sources of health information to understand this issue.

Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking Among Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 2006-2010
The report, Alcohol use and binge drinking among women of childbearing age – United States, 2006–2010, describes findings from the BRFSS examining any alcohol use and binge drinking among pregnant and nonpregnant women of childbearing age (18–44 years) in the U.S. from 2006 to 2010.

Low to Moderate Alcohol Use During Pregnancy and the Risk of Specific Neurodevelopmental Effects in Five-Year-Old Children
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology published five papers from the Lifestyle During Pregnancy Study which examined three specific neurodevelopmental outcomes in five-year-old children whose mothers reported drinking low to moderate amounts of alcohol during pregnancy.

The effects of alcohol use during pregnancy and later developmental outcomes: An analysis of previous studies
The journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research has published a meta-analysis of multiple studies examining how drinking patterns of women during pregnancy can affect the development of their children.

Online Trainings on Alcohol-Free Pregnancy
Read about the availability of free online courses for healthcare professionals on the prevention, identification, and management of FASDs.
(Published September 9, 2019)

Teen Substance Use & Risks
Read about the risk in teens of substances use, such as alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, and other drugs. Parents can help by talking to their teen’s pediatrician about screening for substance use.
(Published April 1, 2019)

FASD Awareness
Alcohol use during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, which are physical, behavioral, and intellectual disabilities that last a lifetime.
(Published March 20, 2019)

Public Health Practice in Alaska
Read about how alcohol screening and brief intervention became routine practice in Alaska’s public health nursing clinics.
(Published September 29, 2016)

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: One Woman’s Story
Read about one woman’s experience with FASDs. Information about new tools and resources you can use is also provided.
(Published: September 5, 2017)

Advise about Risky Alcohol Use
Most adults who drink at risky levels and were asked about their alcohol use during checkups were not advised to drink less.
(Published: May 10, 2018)

Recent Articles

* These scientific articles are from CDC authors and CDC grantees. It includes publications from 2005 to present.

Kid on stack of books

Consumption of Alcohol Beverages and Binge Drinking among Pregnant Women Aged 18–44 Years — United States, 2015–2017
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; April 26, 2019; 68(16): 365-368
Denny CH, Acero CS, Naimi TS, Kim SY.
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Are Low to Moderate Average Alcohol Consumption and Isolated Episodes of Binge Drinking in Early Pregnancy Associated with Facial Features Related to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in Five‐Year‐Old Children?
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 2019; DOI:10.1111/acer.14047
Kesmodel US, Nygaard SS, Mortensen EL, Bertrand J, Denny CH,  Glidewell A, Hemingway SA.
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Adolescent Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Substance Use: An Application for School Social Workers
Children & Schools 2018; DOI: 10.1093/cs/cdy018
Singh N, McCann H, Weber MK, Gonzalez SJ, Alzate MM.
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Stakeholder Perspectives on the Stigma of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Addiction Research & Theory 2018; DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2018.1478413
Corrigan PW, Shah BB, Lara JL, Mitchell KT, Combs-Way P, Simmes D, Jones KL
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Screening for Alcohol Misuse: Practices Among U.S. Primary Care Providers, DocStyles 2016
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2017; DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.11.008. Epub December 11, 2017
Tan CH, Hungerford DW, Denny CH, McKnight-Eily LR
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Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention: A Potential Role in Cancer Prevention for Young Adults
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2017;53(3S1):S55–S62
McKnight-Eily  LR, Henley SJ, Green PP, Odom  EC, Hungerford  DW
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Screening for Excessive Alcohol Use and Brief Counseling of Adults — 17 States and the District of Columbia, 2014
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report;  March 31, 2017; 66(12): 313-319
McKnight-Eily LR, Okoro CA, Mejia R, Denny CH, Higgins-Biddle J, Hungerford D, Kanny D, Sniezek JE
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Impact of the CHOICES Intervention in Preventing Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies in American Indian Women
Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research,  2017 Feb 7, epub ahead of print
Hanson JD, Nelson ME, Jensen JL, Willman A, Jacobs-Knight J, Ingersoll K
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Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Pediatrics 2016; DOI 10.1542/peds.2015-1553. Epub September 27, 2016
Hagan JF (Chair), Balachova T, Bertrand J, Chasnoff I, Dang E, Fernandez-Baca D, Kable J, Kosofsky B, Senturias YN, Singh N, Sloane M, Weitzman C, Zubler J on behalf of Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Workgroup; American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove, IL.
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Alcohol Intervention for Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Project Step Up, a Treatment Development Study
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2016; DOI: 10.1111/acer.13111. Epub 2016 May 24
O’Connor MJ, Quattlebaum J, Castañeda M, Dipple KM
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Vital Signs: Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies—United States, 2011–2013
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; February 5, 2016; 65(4):91–97
Green PP, McKnight-Eily LR, Tan CH, Mejia R, Denny CH

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Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking Among Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 2011–2013
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; September 25, 2015; 64(37):1042-1046
Tan CH, Denny CH, Cheal NE, Sniezek JE, Kanny D
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Methods for Surveillance of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: The Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Surveillance Network II (FASSNetII) – Arizona, Colorado, New York, 2009 – 2014
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. Mar 2015; 103(3):196-202. doi: 10.1002/bdra.23335. Epub 2015 Mar 12
O’Leary LA, Ortiz L, Montgomery A, Fox DJ, Cunniff C, Ruttenber M, Breen A, Pettygrove S, Klumb D, Drushel C, Frias JL, Robinson LK, Bertrand J, Ferrara K, Kelly M, Gilboa SM, Meaney FJ, FASSNetII.
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

The Knowledge of Rehabilitation Professionals Concerning Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Occupational Therapy in Health Care 2015; DOI: 10.3109/07380577.2015.1053163
Birch SM, Carpenter HA, Marsh AM, McClung KA, Doll JD
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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Among Children Aged 7-9 Years – Arizona, Colorado, and New York, 2010
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; January 30, 2015; 64(03):54-57
Fox DJ, Pettygrove S, Cunniff C, O’Leary LA, Gilboa SM, Bertrand J, Druschel CM, Breen A, Robinson L, Ortiz L, Frias JL, Ruttenber M, Klumb D, Meaney FJ
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The Effect of Low to Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Binge Drinking Episodes on Draw-a-Person at Age 5 Years
Medical Research Archives 2015;2(2):1-6. DOI
Jensen LU, Falgreen Eriksen HL, Marchetta C, Reynolds M, Owens JR, Denny CH, Kesmodel US, Mortensen EL, Bertrand J
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Community Translation of the Math Interactive Learning Experience Program for Children with FASD
Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2015: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.12.031
Kable JA, Taddeo E, Strickland D, Coles CD
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The Association of Pre-Pregnancy Alcohol Drinking with Child Neuropsychological Functioning
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2014; DOI 10.1111/1471-0528.13172
Kesmodel U, Kjaersgaard M, Denny C, Bertrand J, Skogerbø Å, Eriksen HL, Bay B, Underbjerg M, Mortensen E
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Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention: A Clinical Solution to a Vital Public Health Issue
American Nurse Today 2014;9(9):34-35
Cheal NE, McKnight-Eily L, Weber MK
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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Survey of Healthcare Providers After Continuing Education
Journal of Intellectual Disability – Diagnosis and Treatment 2014;2(2):133-143
Evans SF, Tenkku LE, Kennedy T, Zoorob R, Rudeen PK
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Prevalence and Characteristics of Women at Risk for an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy (AEP) in the United States: Estimates from the National Survey of Family Growth
Maternal and Child Health Journal 2014; DOI: 10.1007/s10995-014-1563-3
Cannon MJ, Guo J, Denny CH, Green PP, Miracle H, Sniezek JE, Floyd RL
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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An Overview for Pediatric and Adolescent Care Providers
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care 2014; 44:74-81
Senturias Y
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Fetal Spectrum Disorders: An Overview of Ethical and Legal Issues for Healthcare Providers
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care 2014; 44:102-104
Senturias Y, Baldonado M
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Screening and Brief Intervention for Risky Alcohol Use
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care 2014; 44:82-87
Zoorob R, Snell H, Kihlberg C, Senturias Y
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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Guidance for Recognition, Diagnosis, Differential Diagnosis and Referral
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care 2014; 44:88-95
Senturias Y, Asamoah A
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Managing Children and Adolescents With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in the Medical Home
Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care 2014; 44:96-101
Senturias Y, Burns B
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Vital Signs: Communication Between Health Professionals and Their Patients About Alcohol Use—44 States and the District of Columbia, 2011
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; January 10, 2014; 63(01): 16-22
McKnight-Eily LR, Liu Y, Brewer RD, Kanny D, Lu H, Denny CH, Balluz L, Collins J
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A Novel Integration Effort to Reduce the Risk for Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy Among Women Attending Urban STD Clinics
Public Health Reports; 2014; 129(1):56-62.
Hutton HE, Chander G, Green PP, Hutsell CA, Weingarten K, Peterson KL
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Higher Functioning Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: Is There a Specific Neurocognitive Profile?
Child Neuropsychology: A Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence; 2013; 19(6):561-578
Quattlebaum JL, O’Connor MJ
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Predictors of Intelligence at the Age of 5: Family, Pregnancy and Birth Characteristics, Postnatal Influences, and Postnatal Growth
PLoS ONE 2013;8(11): e79200, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079200
Eriksen H-LF, Kesmodel US, Underbjerg M, Kilburn TR, Bertrand J, Mortensen EL
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A Randomized Trial Comparing Telephone Versus In-Person Brief Intervention to Reduce the Risk of an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2013;45(5):389-394; DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.06.006
Wilton G, Moberg DP, Van Stelle KR, Dold LL, Obmascher K, Goodrich J
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The Association of Mild, Moderate, and Binge Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Child Neuropsychological Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 2013; DOI: 10.1111/acer.12214:1-13.
Flak AL, Su S, Bertrand J, Denny CH, Kesmodel US, Cogswell ME
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Factors Associated with Contraceptive Use in a Rural Area in Western Cape Province
South African Medical Journal; 2013; 103(6):406-412
Peer N, Morojele N, London L
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Women’s Knowledge, Views, and Experiences Regarding Alcohol Use and Pregnancy: Opportunities to Improve Health Messages
American Journal of Health Education; 2013; 44(4):177-190
Elek E, Harris SL, Squire CM, Margolis M, Weber MK, Dang EP, Mitchell E
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The Effects of Low to Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Binge Drinking in Early Pregnancy on Behavior in 5-Year-Old Children: A Prospective Cohort Study on 1628 Children
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology; 2013; doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12208
Skogerbø Å, Kesmodel US, Denny CH, Kjaersgaard MIS, Wimberley T, Landrø NI, Mortensen EL
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Prevention of Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies Among Non-Pregnant American Indian Women
American Journal of Health Promotion 2013;27(3)S66-S73
Hanson JD, Miller AL, Winberg A, Elliott A
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Does Binge Drinking During Early Pregnancy Increase the Risk of Psychomotor Deficits?
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research; 2013; doi: 10.1111/acer.12072
Kesmodel US, Bay B, Wimberley T, Eriksen H-LF, Mortensen EL
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Motivational Interviewing to Prevent Risk for an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy in the Western Cape, South Africa
Addiction; 2012; 108:725-732
Rendall-Mkosi K, Morojele N, London L, Moodley S, Singh C, Girdler-Brown B
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Vital Signs: Binge Drinking Among Women and High School Girls – United States, 2011
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; January 11, 2013; 62(01); 9-13 CDC
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Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking Among Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 2006-2010
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; July 20, 2012; 61(28); 534-538 CDC
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The Effect of Different Alcohol Drinking Patterns in Early to Mid Pregnancy on the Child’s Intelligence, Attention, and Executive Function
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology; 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03393.x
Kesmodel US, Bertrand J, Støvring H, Skarpness B, Denny CH, Mortensen EL, and the Lifestyle During Pregnancy Study Group (Bakketeig LS, Boyle CA, Cogswell ME, Falgreen Eriksen H-L, Grove J, Kilburn T, Landrø NI, Skogerbø Å, Underbjerg M, Wimberley T)
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

The Effects of Low to Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in Early Pregnancy on IQ in 5- Year-Old Children
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology; 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03394.x
Falgreen Eriksen H-L, Mortensen EL, Kilburn T, Underbjerg M, Bertrand J, Støvring H, Wimberley T, Grove J, Kesmodel US
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The Effect of Alcohol Binge Drinking in Early Pregnancy on General Intelligence in Children
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology; 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03395.x
Kesmodel US, Falgreen Eriksen H-L, Underbjerg M, Kilburn TR, Støvring H, Wimberley T, Mortensen EL
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The Effects of Low to Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Binge Drinking in Early Pregnancy on Selective and Sustained Attention in 5-Year-Old Children
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology; 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03396.x
Underbjerg M, Kesmodel US, Landrø NI, Bakketeig L, Grove J, Wimberley T, Kilburn TR, Sværke C, Thorsen P, Mortensen EL
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The Effects of Low to Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Binge Drinking in Early Pregnancy on Executive Function in 5-Year-Old Children
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology; 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03397.x
Skogerbø Å, Kesmodel US, Wimberley T, Støvring H, Bertrand J, Landrø NI, Mortensen EL
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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Preconception Risk Factors and Preconception Care
Journal of Women’s Health; 2012; doi: 10.1089/jwh.2011.3259
Denny CH, Floyd RL, Green PP, Hayes DK
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Comparing the Effectiveness of On-Line Versus In-Person Caregiver Education and Training for Behavioral Regulation in Families of Children with FASD
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction; 2012; doi: 10.1007/s11469-012-9376-3
Kable JA, Coles CD, Strickland D, Taddeo E
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Characteristics and Behaviors of Mothers Who Have a Child with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Neurotoxicology and Teratology; 2012; 34(1):90-95
Cannon MJ, Dominique Y, O’Leary LA, Sniezek JE, Floyd RL
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Translation of an Evidence-Based Social Skills Intervention for Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in a Community Mental Health Setting
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research; January 2012;36(1):141-152
O’Connor MJ, Laugeson EA, Mogil C, Lowe E, Welch-Torres K, Keil V, Paley B
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Low to Moderate Alcohol Intake During Pregnancy and Risk of Psychomotor Deficits
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research; 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01657.x
Bay B, Støvring H, Wimberley T, Denny CH, Mortensen EL, Eriksen HL, Kesmodel US
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

Motivational Interviewing + Feedback Intervention to Reduce Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy Risk Among College Binge Drinkers: Determinants and Patterns of Response
Journal of Behavioral Medicine; 2011; doi: 10.1007/s10865-010-9308-2
Ceperich SD & Ingersoll KS
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Evaluation of a Service Provider Short Course for Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 2011;72:530-535
Mwansa-Kambafwile J, Rendall-Mkosi K, Jacobs R, Nel E, London L
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Medical Expenditures of Children in the United States with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Neurotoxicology and Teratology; 2010; doi: 10.1016/j.ntt.2010.10.008
Amendah DD, Grosse SD, Bertrand J
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Alcohol Consumption, Nutrition, Cardiovascular Disease and Iron Status in South Africa: Implications for South Africa’s Drinking Guidelines
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 2010;23(3)(Supplement 1)
Morojele N
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Training Needs of Healthcare Providers Related to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Core Competencies for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology; 2010; 17(3); e405-417
Brems C, Boschma-Wynn R, Dewane SL, Edwards AE, Robinson RV
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Neurodevelopmental Functioning in Children with FAS, pFAS, and ARND
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics; April 2010; 31(3):192-201
Chasnoff IJ, Wells AM, Telford E, Schmidt C, Messer G
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Knowledge, Opinions, and Practice Patterns of Obstetrician-Gynecologists Regarding their Patients’ Use of Alcohol
Journal of Addiction Medicine; June 2010; 4(2):114-121
Anderson BL, Dang EP, Floyd RL, Sokol R, Mahoney J, Schulkin J
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Concurrent Alcohol Use or Heavier Use of Alcohol and Cigarette Smoking Among Women of Childbearing Age with Accessible Health Care
Prevention Science; June 2010; 11:197-206
Tsai J, Floyd RL, Green PP, Denny CH, Coles CD, Sokol RJ
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

A Dual-Focus Motivational Intervention to Reduce the Risk of Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice; May 2010; 17(2):203-212
Velasquez MM, Ingersoll KS, Sobell MB, Floyd RL, Sobell LC, von Sternberg K
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Impact of a Social Skills Intervention on the Hostile Attributions of Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research; February 2010; 34(2):231-241
Keil V, Paley B, Frankel F, O’Connor MJ
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

Predictors of Risk of Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies Among Women in an Urban and a Rural Area of South Africa
Social Science & Media; February 2010; 70(4):534-542
Morojele NK, London L, Olorunju SA, Matjila MJ, Davids AS, Rendall-Mkosi KM
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Intervention for Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Treatment Approaches and Case Management
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews; 2009; 15(3):258-267 Paley B, O’Connor MJ
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“Family Matters:” Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and the Family
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews; 2009;15:235-249
Olson HC, Oti R, Gelo J, Beck S
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Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews; September 2009; 15(3):193-199
Floyd RL, Weber MK, Denny CH, O’Connor MJ
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Interventions for Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs): Overview of Findings for Five Innovative Research Projects
Research in Developmental Disabilities; Sept-Oct 2009; 30(5):986-1006
Bertrand J on behalf of the Interventions for Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Research Consortium
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

Alcohol Use Among Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 1991-2005
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; May 22, 2009; 58 (19); 529-532 CDC
[Read Article]

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide for Medical and Allied Health Education and Practice
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; April 2009
FASD Regional Training Centers Curriculum Development Team
[Read GuideCdc-pdf pdf icon[1 MB, 274 Pages, Print Only]

Integrating Case Topics in Medical School Curriculum to Enhance Multiple Skill Learning: Using Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders as an Exemplary Case
Academic Psychiatry; March-April 2009; 33(2):143-148
Paley B, O’Connor MJ, Baillie SJ, Guiton G, Stuber M
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

Reducing Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies: A Report of the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect
Barry KL, Caetano R, Chang G, DeJoseph MC, Miller LA, O’Connor MJ, Olson HC, Floyd RL, Weber MK, DeStefano F, Dolina S, Leeks K, National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; March 2009.
[ English PDFCdc-pdf pdf icon[6 MB, 36 Pages, 508] | Accessible PDFCdc-pdf pdf icon[205 KB, 42 Pages, Print Only] ]

A Call to Action: Advancing Essential Services and Research on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders – A Report of the National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect
Olson HC, Ohlemiller MM, O’Connor MJ, Brown CW, Morris CA, Damus K, National Task Force on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect; March 2009.
[English PDFCdc-pdf pdf icon[4 MB, 28 Pages, Print Only] | Accessible PDFCdc-pdf pdf icon[274 KB, 31 Pages, Print Only]]

Alcohol Use and Serious Psychological Distress Among Women of Childbearing Age
Addictive Behaviors; February 2009; 34(2):146-153
Tsai J, Floyd RL, O’Connor MJ, Velasquez MM
[Read SummaryExternalexternal icon]

Additional Articles

Search a database of articles that have been published by CDC authors within the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities from 1990 to present. Search with the keyword “fetal alcohol syndrome.”

In addition, older articles by CDC authors and CDC grantees can be found on the Research page, in the related project section.

2008 and older articles are available hereCdc-pdf pdf icon[162 KB, 5 Pages, Print Only]