Monitoring Alcohol Use Among Women of Childbearing Age

Three ladies

CDC monitors alcohol use among women of childbearing age in the United States. These data are important to help reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancies by identifying groups of women at increased risk and designing prevention programs aimed at reducing risk behaviors and improving pregnancy outcomes.

The data are collected using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The BRFSS is an ongoing, state-based, random-digit-dialed telephone survey. To determine the potential number of women at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy, data from the BRFSS are analyzed for women aged 18–44 years in all 50 states. Women are asked about their use of alcohol during the 30 days before the survey.

The following patterns of alcohol drinking are examined:

  • Any alcohol use (one or more drinks)
  • Binge drinking (4 or more drinks on any one occasion).

State Prevalence Rates

Prevalence estimates vary from state to state and region to region. View your state’s alcohol consumption rate in 2019.

Related Articles

These scientific articles are from 2004 to present.

Alcohol Consumption and Binge Drinking During Pregnancy Among Adults Aged 18–49 Years – United States, 2018–2020
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; January 7, 2022; 71(1): 10-13
Gosdin LK, Deputy NP, Kim SY, Dang EP, Denny CH.
[Read Article]

Trends in Alcohol Use Among Pregnant Women in the United States, 2011–2018
American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2020; DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.05.017
Denny CH, Acero CS, Terplan M, Kim SY.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Alcohol Use and Co-use of Other Substances Among Pregnant Females Aged 12–44 Years – United States, 2015–2018
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; August 7, 2020; 69(31): 1009-1014
England LJ, Bennett C, Denny CH, Honein MA, Gilboa SM, Kim SY, Guy GP, Tran EL, Rose CE, Bohm MK, Boyle CA.
[Read Article]

Consumption of Alcohol Beverages and Binge Drinking among Pregnant Women Aged 18–44 Years — United States, 2015–2017
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; April 26, 2019; 68(16): 365-368
Denny CH, Acero CS, Naimi TS, Kim SY.
[Read Article]

Alcohol use and binge drinking among women of childbearing age – United States, 2011–2013
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; September 25, 2015; 64(37); 1042-1046 CDC
[Read Article]

Vital Signs: Binge Drinking Among Women and High School Girls – United States, 2011
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; January 11, 2013; 62(01); 9-13 CDC
[Read Article]

Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking Among Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 2006-2010
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; July 20, 2012; 61(28); 534-538 CDC
[Read Article]

Racial and ethnic disparities in preconception risk factors and preconception care
Journal of Women’s Health; 2012; doi: 10.1089/jwh.2011.3259
Denny CH, Floyd RL, Green PP, Hayes DK
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Concurrent Alcohol Use or Heavier Use of Alcohol and Cigarette Smoking Among Women of Childbearing Age with Accessible Health Care
Prevention Science; June 2010; 11:197-206
Tsai J, Floyd RL, Green PP, Denny CH, Coles CD, Sokol RJ
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Alcohol Use Among Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 1991-2005
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; May 22, 2009; 58 (19); 529-532
[Read Article]

Patterns and Average Volume of Alcohol Use among Women of Childbearing Age
Maternal and Child Health Journal; September 2007; 11(5):437-45
Tsai J, Floyd RL, Green PP, Boyle CA.
[Read summaryexternal icon]

Tracking Binge Drinking among U.S. Childbearing-Age Women
Preventive Medicine; April 2007; 44(4):298-302
Tsai J, Floyd RL, Bertrand J.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Alcohol Consumption among Women Who Are Pregnant or Who Might Become Pregnant — United States, 2002
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; December 24, 2004; 53(50); 1178-1181
J Tsai, RL Floyd.
[Read Article]