QuickStats: Prevalence* of Past or Present Infection with Hepatitis B Virus† Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years, by Race and Hispanic Origin — National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2018
Weekly / September 4, 2020 / 69(35);1231
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* Percentages are age-adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 projected U.S. population using age groups 18–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, and ≥60 years.
† Estimates of past or present infection with hepatitis B virus are based on tests for antibody to hepatitis B core antigen in serum collected during the examination component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
The prevalence of past or present infection with hepatitis B virus among adults aged ≥18 years declined from 5.7% in 1999–2002 to 4.3% in 2015–2018. A decline among non-Hispanic White (3.5% to 2.1%), non-Hispanic Black (15.6% to 10.8%), and Mexican American (3.5% to 1.8%) adults also occurred over the same period. Prevalence was higher among non-Hispanic Black adults than among both non-Hispanic White and Mexican American adults for all periods.
Sources: Kruszon-Moran D, Paulose-Ram R, Martin CB, Barker L, McQuillan G. Prevalence and trends in hepatitis B virus infection in the United States, 2015–2018. NCHS Data Brief, no 361. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db361.htm; National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2002 to 2015-2018. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/index.htm.
Reported by: Deanna Kruszon-Moran, MS, email@example.com, 301-458-4328; Geraldine M. McQuillan, PhD.
Suggested citation for this article: QuickStats: Prevalence of Past or Present Infection with Hepatitis B Virus Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years, by Race and Hispanic Origin — National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1231. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6935a8external icon.
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