Classroom management is the process that teachers and schools use to create and maintain appropriate student behavior in classroom settings.
Best practices for classroom management include:
- establishing rules, routines, and expectations
- reinforcing positive behavior through praise
- consistently enforcing consequences for misbehavior
- maximizing structure
- fostering student engagement by including opportunities for active student participation
Effective classroom management is associated with higher levels of school connectedness.
The benefits of effective classroom management extend to academic-related outcomes, including decreasing disruptive behaviors and increasing academic learning and engagement.
Schools and local education agencies can provide professional development on classroom management to teachers and school staff.
- CDC. How to Conduct More Effective Professional Development. This website describes the six CDC professional development practices and provides tools and resources to assist school districts in achieving a sustainable professional development framework.
- American Psychological Association. Classroom Management: Teacher Modulesexternal icon. This resource provides scenarios and a set of suggested evidence-based responses for teachers on topics relevant to classroom management.
- Advocates for Youth. Rights, Respect, Responsibility. A K-12 Sexuality Education Curriculum. Classroom Management: Answering Students’ Questionspdf iconexternal icon. This specific module discusses classroom management within the context of SHE.
- Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Classroom Management Resourcesexternal icon. This landing page includes links to articles, books, webinars, and online learning modules on classroom management.
- Wong HK, Wong RT. The First Days of Schoolexternal icon. This book provides a guide for teachers on classroom management and designing lessons for academic success.
- Kratochwill TR, DeRoos R, Blair S. Classroom Management: Teacher Modulesexternal icon. American Psychological Association website. Accessed August 2018.
- Greenber J, Putman H, Walsh K. Training Our Future Teachers: Classroom Management. Washington, D.C.: National Council on Teacher Quality; 2014.
- Simonsen B, Fairbanks S, Briesch A, Myers D, Sugai G. Evidence-based practices in classroom management: considerations for research to practice. Educ Treat Children. 2008;31(3):351-380.
- McNeely CA, Nonnemaker JM, Blum RW. Promoting school connectedness: evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Healthexternal icon. J Sch Health. 2002;72(4):138-146.
- Hawkins JD, Guo J, Hill KG, Battin-Pearson S, Abbott RD. Long-term effects of the Seattle Social Development Intervention on school bonding trajectoriesexternal icon. Appl Dev Sci. 2001;5(4):225-236.
- Marzano RJ, Marzano JS, Pickering DJ. Classroom Management That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Every Teacher. Alexandria, VA: ASCD; 2003.