Classroom Management

Classroom management is the process that teachers and schools use to create and maintain appropriate student behavior in classroom settings.

Best practices for classroom management include:

  • establishing rules, routines, and expectations
  • reinforcing positive behavior through praise
  • consistently enforcing consequences for misbehavior
  • maximizing structure
  • fostering student engagement by including opportunities for active student participation
A classroom icon

Effective classroom management is associated with higher levels of school connectedness.

The benefits of effective classroom management extend to academic-related outcomes, including decreasing disruptive behaviors and increasing academic learning and engagement.

Schools and local education agencies can provide professional development on classroom management to teachers and school staff.


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  3. Simonsen B, Fairbanks S, Briesch A, Myers D, Sugai G. Evidence-based practices in classroom management: considerations for research to practice. Educ Treat Children. 2008;31(3):351-380.
  4. McNeely CA, Nonnemaker JM, Blum RW. Promoting school connectedness: evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. J Sch Health. 2002;72(4):138-146.
  5. Hawkins JD, Guo J, Hill KG, Battin-Pearson S, Abbott RD. Long-term effects of the Seattle Social Development Intervention on school bonding trajectories. Appl Dev Sci. 2001;5(4):225-236.
  6. Marzano RJ, Marzano JS, Pickering DJ. Classroom Management That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Every Teacher. Alexandria, VA: ASCD; 2003.