Woman interviews older woman and younger man in rural setting. Photo: Rene Arrazola

A Deadly Dependence

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable deaths in the world, killing up to half the people that use it. Each year, tobacco use kills 8 million people – including 1.2 million non-smokers exposed to secondhand smoke. Tobacco use is a major risk factor for noncommunicable diseases such as chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke as well as a factor for some communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.

Nearly 8 in 10 of the world’s 1.3 billion who use tobacco live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where the burden from tobacco-related death and disease is greatest. Tobacco use contributes to increased health care costs, strained health care systems, and reduced worker productivity.

Moving Toward a Tobacco-Free World

CDC has been helping countries collect and use data to prevent tobacco-related deaths and disease for over 20 years. CDC works with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners to strengthen surveillance systems, monitor tobacco use and key tobacco control indicators, develop and sustain effective tobacco control programs, and use data-informed evidence to increase country and regional control efforts.

Tobacco Surveillance

CDC trains  staff from the LMICs on the Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS), a set of tobacco-related surveys developed by WHO, CDC, and the Canadian Public Health Association that use common survey methodologies. Data from the GTSS helps countries select key tobacco control strategies and evaluate their impact. CDC also serves as the Data Coordinating Center – a repository for all GTSS data, allowing all global tobacco data to be safely stored and made available to researchers.

Tobacco Control

CDC also supports countries to develop:

  • tobacco control cessation strategies and tools for healthcare providers
  • tobacco control cessation materials for people who use tobacco

CDC’s global tobacco control work is supported by the CDC Foundation through grants from Bloomberg Philanthropies and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

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