Timeline of Key Events in CDC Kenya History

  • 1979

    Dr. Harrison Spencer establishes field research center for malaria in Kenya as antimalarial resistance emerged in Africa

  • 1979

    Launch of partnership between CDC and KEMRI

  • 1979

    Evaluation of schistosomiasis morbidity in relation to the intensity of exposure

  • 1979–1982

    Saradidi Rural Health Project was the first major population study in East Africa

  • 1980s

    Malaria research continues in drug resistance, immune response, and entomological interventions

  • 1992–1999

    Asembo Bay Cohort Project—Longitudinal study on childhood illnesses in 15 villages

  • 1994

    Identification of unsafe blood supply

  • 1996–2001

    Malaria Insectide-treated Bednet Trial

  • 1997

    HIV, Schistosomiasis, and reinfection

  • 1997

    Global Enterics Multicenter Study (GEMS)

  • 1999

    AIDS declared a national disaster by President Moi

  • 2000

    Leadership and Investment in Fighting Epidemics (LIFE) Initiative

  • 2001

    Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) guidelines

  • 2002

    Launch of the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in Siaya

  • 2003

    Kisumu Breastfeeding Study saw reduction mother to child transmission of HIV

  • 2004

    Launch of the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief

  • 2004

    Launch of the Global Disease Detection Center

  • 2004

    Launch of the Kenya Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP)

  • 2004

    TB prevalence study and TB lab established

  • 2005

    Launch of the Influenza Program

  • 2007

    Launch of the Global Migration and Quarantine Africa Program

  • 2008

    Kenya joins the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI)

  • 2009

    Phase III Clinical Trial for RTS,S malaria vaccine

  • 2009

    HIV Research Laboratory the first to be ISO accredited outside of Atlanta

  • 2009

    PEPFAR I ends and PEPFAR II starts

  • 2011

    Establishment of the Kenya Zoonotic Disease Unit

  • 2012

    Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS)

  • 2014–2015

    CDC Kenya staff respond to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa

  • 2014

    Launch Global Health Security Agenda

  • 2014

    Second KAIS

  • 2015

    Release of the Strategic Timing of AntiRetroviral Treatment (START) results

  • 2015

    Launch of the Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe (DREAMS) program

  • 2016

    Launch of the Improving Public Health Management for Action (IMPACT) program

  • 2016

    Selected as Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) site

  • 2016

    Initiation of “Test and Treat” and pre-exposure prophylaxis strategies for HIV

  • 2016

    Clinical Research Center in western Kenya selected as HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) site

  • 2017

    Kenya Public Health Emergency Operations Center activates for national cholera outbreak

  • 2018

    Kenya completes Joint External Evaluation (JEE) for Health Security

  • 2018

    Kenya Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment Survey (KENPHIA)

  • 2018

    Kenya selected for expanded pilot of RTS,S malaria vaccine