– 15% of the U.S. population in 2007
– 18% of people living with HIV in 2006
– 17% of all new HIV infections in 2006 and 17% of AIDS deaths in 2007
Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. The overall prevalence rate for Hispanics/Latinos (585 cases per 100,000 population) was nearly three times the rate for whites (224 cases per 100,000 population). The prevalence rate for Hispanic/Latino men was more than two times the rate for white men, while the prevalence rate for Hispanic/Latina women was four times the rate for white women.
In 2005, HIV/AIDS was the fourth leading cause of death among Hispanic/Latino men and women aged 35 to 44 years.
Injection drug use, STDs, poverty, and cultural beliefs are some of the HIV prevention challenges facing the Hispanic/Latino community.
In 2006, Hispanics/Latinos accounted for 19% of new AIDS diagnoses and 19% of all people living with AIDS in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
In 2007, the rate of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases was 27.7 cases per 100,000 population among Hispanics/Latinos. Among females, the predominant HIV transmission category was high-risk heterosexual contact, which accounted for 80% of new infections. The rate for Hispanic/Latina females was 3.8 times the rate for white females.
In 2010, the gonorrhea rate among Hispanics was 49.9 cases per 100,000 population, which was 2.2 times the rate among whites. This disparity between Hispanics and whites was similar to that in recent years and was higher for Hispanic men than for Hispanic women (Figure Q). The disparity in gonorrhea rates for Hispanics was highest in the Northeast and lowest in the West.
In 2010, the chlamydia rate among Hispanics was 369.6 cases per 100,000 population, which is a 4.4% increase from the 2009 rate of 353.9 cases per 100,000 and nearly three times the rate among whites.
During 2009–2010, the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis among Hispanics increased 9.5% (from 4.2 to 4.6 cases per 100,000 population). In 2010, 16.2% of all cases reported to CDC were among Hispanics. The 2010 rate of P&S syphilis for Hispanics was 2.2 times the rate for whites.
In 2010, the rate of congenital syphilis was 8.4 cases per 100,000 live births among Hispanics. Race/ethnicity for cases of congenital syphilis is based on the mother’s race/ethnicity. This rate was 3.1 times the rate among whites (2.7 cases per 100,000 live births).
Hepatitis A incidence rates for Hispanics/Latinos decreased 94%, from the peak of 24.1 cases per 100,000 population in 1997 to 1.4 cases per 100,000 population in 2007, the lowest rate ever recorded.The downward trend in the hepatitis B incidence rate among Hispanics/Latinos continues from 2004 and, in 2007, the rate for this population was 1.0 cases per 100,000 population.
- Viral Hepatitis Topic Site
- Surveillance Report for Acute Viral Hepatitis-United States, 2007
In 2010, 11,182 TB cases were reported to CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia. That same year, as in previous years, Hispanics or Latinos exceeded all other racial or ethnic groups with the largest percentage (29%) of total number of reported TB cases in the United States. Overall, 84% of all reported TB cases occurred in racial and ethnic minorities in 2010.