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CDC began supporting Swaziland in 2004 and opened a field office there in 2007. Swaziland has the world’s highest estimated prevalence rate of HIV-infected adults (26% of people aged 15-49). In addition, Swaziland’s TB incidence rate is the highest in the world, and 80% of TB patients are co-infected with HIV. CDC works closely with partners to build health systems for a sustained response to the epidemic.

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CDC office (physical presence)
3 Assignees
3 Locally Employed

Swaziland at a Glance

Population: 1,109,000
Per capita income: $1,510
Life expectancy at birth women/men: 58/54 yrs
Infant mortality rate: 78/1000 live births

Population Reference Bureau World Population Data Sheet, 2011

Top 10 Causes of Death

Source: GBD Compare, 2013
  1. HIV 31%
  2. Lower respiratory infections 8%
  3. Tuberculosis 7%
  4. Diarrheal Diseases 5%
  5. Ischemic Heart Disease 4%
  6. Stroke 4%
  7. Cancer 4%
  8. Diabetes 3%
  9. Road Injuries 2%
  10. Self Harm 2%

What CDC Is Doing

  • Antiretroviral treatment reached over 85 percent of those eligible for treatment (79,000 persons) in 2012
  • High-quality HIV testing and counseling services served over 180,000 men, women, and children (including most at-risk populations) in 2012
  • Collaboration with the Swazi National Reference Laboratory resulted in drastically reduced turn-around time for key HIV and TB diagnostics
  • Baseline was completed for the first-of-its-kind Swaziland HIV Incidence Measurement Survey
  • Page last reviewed: April 6, 2015
  • Page last updated: April 6, 2015
  • Content source: Global Health
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