Countries at Risk for Yellow Fever: Africa

What to know

  • Yellow fever regularly occurs (is endemic) in several countries in Africa.
  • Vaccination is recommended for most travelers aged 9 months and older traveling to areas at risk for yellow fever.

Areas with Risk of Yellow Fever in Africa

Map: Africa showing areas at risk for yellow fever transmission and vaccination recommendation for Angola, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Buinea-Bissau, The Gambia, Senegai, Burkina Faso, Togo, and parts of Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, and Sudan.
Areas with Risk of Yellow Fever Virus Transmission in Africa [1,2]

1Current as of November 2022. This map is an updated version of the 2010 map created by the Informal WHO Working Group on the Geographic Risk of Yellow Fever.

2Yellow fever vaccination is generally not recommended for travel to areas where the potential for yellow fever virus exposure is low. Vaccination might be considered, however, for a small subset of travelers going to these areas who are at increased risk for exposure to yellow fever virus due to prolonged travel, heavy exposure to mosquitoes, or inability to avoid mosquito bites. Factors to consider when deciding whether to vaccinate a traveler include destination-specific and travel-associated risks for yellow fever virus infection; individual, underlying risk factors for having a serious yellow fever vaccine-associated adverse event; and country entry requirements.

See the traveler's health website for any recent updates on risk areas or traveler health notices regarding outbreaks of yellow fever in Africa.