Suicide and Suicide Attempts Take an Enormous Toll on Society
- Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death among Americans.1
- Nearly 45,000 people died by suicide in 2016.1
- More than 1.3 million people reported making a suicide attempt in the past year.2
- Almost 10 million adults reported having serious thoughts about suicide in the past year.2
- Most people who engage in suicidal behavior never seek mental health services.2
- Suicide and suicide attempts cost society about $70 billion a year in combined medical and work loss costs.
- A survivor of suicide is a family member or friend of a person who died by suicide.
- Surviving the loss of loved one to suicide is a risk factor for suicide.3
- Surviving family members and close friends are deeply impacted by each suicide and experience a range of complex grief reactions including, guilt, anger, abandonment, denial, helplessness, and shock.4,5
- No exact figure exists, but it is estimated that between 6 and 32 survivors exist for each suicide, depending on the definition used.6
- According to another estimate, approximately 7% of the U.S. population knew someone who died by suicide during the past 12 months.7
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS). Available from https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2017). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 17-5044, NSDUH Series H-52). Retrieved from https://www. samhsa.gov/data/.
- Brent D. (2010). What family studies teach us about suicidal behavior: implications for research, treatment, and prevention. Eur Psychiatry 25(5):260–263.
- Jordan J. (2001). Is suicide bereavement different? A reassessment of the literature. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 31(1): 91–102.
- American Association for Suicidology. Surviving after suicide factsheet. Available online: http://www.suicidology.org/Portals/14/docs/Resources/FactSheets/SurvivingAfterSuicide.pdf [139KB, 3Pages, Print Only]
- Berman, AL. (2011). Estimating the population of survivors of suicide: Seeking an evidence base. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 41(1), 110–116.
- Crosby AE, Sacks JJ. (1994). Exposure to suicide: Incidence and association with suicidal ideation and behavior – United States, 1994. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 32:321–328.