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Violence Prevention Publications

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This is a list of CDC branded violence prevention publications. These publications are designed for a variety of audiences, such as professional health practitioners, researchers, and the general public.

Many of our publications are also available for ordering in hard copy at no cost. When printed copies are available an icon icon will appear next to the link.  Click on the icon to order printed copies that will be shipped to your location.

Child Abuse & Neglect Prevention

printed copies are available  
A how to guide that provides implementation methods for one of the Essentials for Childhood Framework’s four goals. This document introduces how to raise awareness and build commitment for safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments.

printed copies are available

This document describes CDC’s framework for preventing child abuse and neglect through the promotion of safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments. The framework lays out the steps to reach four key goals.

printed copies are available
This publication was developed to improve the quality and consistency of data on abusive head trauma in children by providing a definition of abusive head trauma and presenting recommended data elements for use by individuals and organizations. The document is designed to aid in the collection of surveillance data intended to promote and improve consistency of abusive head trauma surveillance for public health purposes. Definitions and data elements are based on International Classification of Diseases external-cause-of-injury codes.

printed copies are available

 A how to guide that provides implementation methods for one of the Essentials for Childhood Framework’s four goals. This  provides a guide to creating community norms that increase understanding and promotion of safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for children and families.

printed copies are available  
The United Nations has issued a call-to-action to eliminate violence against children.  Essential to preventing violence against children is guidance to countries that want to use the best available evidence to address this problem.  THRIVES provides this evidence. It represents a select group of complementary strategies that represent critical components for preventing violence against children.  CDC and key global partners recognize many of the THRIVES strategies as being critical components of successful efforts to prevent violence against children.

printed copies are available
This document summarizes THRIVES, a select group of complementary strategies that reflect the best available evidence to help countries sharpen their focus on priorities with the greatest potential to reduce violence against children.

Understanding Child Maltreatment: Fact Sheet [PDF 192KB]
Intended for the general public, this 2-page fact sheet provides a basic overview of child maltreatment.

Elder Abuse Prevention

Elder Abuse Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Core Data Elements [PDF 4MB]
This publication was developed to present a set of standard definitions for elder abuse, its associated terms, and recommended data elements for voluntary use in the public health community. The definitions and data elements are intended to promote and improve consistency in elder abuse surveillance for public health practices. Definitions included in the document draw upon definitions that are currently used in the literature and were adapted in collaboration with experts on elder abuse. Use of uniform definitions and data elements can help to standardize data collection and provide more accurate and reliable estimates of elder abuse.

Understanding Elder Abuse — Fact Sheet [PDF 185KB]
Intended for the general public, this fact sheet provides up-to-date information on the topic of elder abuse.

General Violence Prevention

printed copies are available
Co-developed by CDC and the printed copies are available
This two-page document provides practical information on how to prepare for a disaster or other emergencies when young children are involved.

printed copies are available
This two-page document highlights facts about the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS).  NVDRS is the only state-based surveillance (reporting) system that gathers data on violent deaths from multiple sources and assembles it into a usable, anonymous database. Sources include state and local medical examiners, coroners, law enforcement, crime labs, and vital statistics records.

National Violent Death Reporting System Implementation Manual [PDF 923MB] 
More than 55,000 people die from homicides and suicides each year in the United States, yet there is a lack of basic information about the characteristics and circumstances of these violent deaths at the local, state, and national levels that could help prevent them. CDC’s Injury Center has developed the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) Implementation Manual to promote the development of a uniform violent death reporting system. The Manual will also serve as a training tool for public or private agencies wishing to implement a similar reporting system in their own jurisdiction. Data from this system can be compared across states and localities and will help practitioners and policy makers design and evaluate local, regional, and national prevention programs and to make informed decisions about violence prevention.

NVDRS Coding Manual [PDF 1MB]

NVDRS Implementation Manual Appendix [PDF 1.06MB]

NVDRS Overview [PDF 1.8MB] 
This document provides a summary overview of the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS).  NVDRS is the only state-based surveillance (reporting) system that gathers data on violent deaths from multiple sources and assembles it into a usable, anonymous database. Sources include state and local medical examiners, coroners, law enforcement, crime labs, and vital statistics records.

Parents Helping Youth Cope with Disaster Tip Sheet [PDF 631KB]
This two-page document provides practical information on how to prepare for a disaster or other emergencies when children of all ages are involved.

Preventing Multiple Forms of Violence: A Strategic Vision for Connecting the Dots [PDF 774KB]
This document describes a five-year vision for CDC’s priorities in violence prevention. CDC will use this document to prioritize its portfolio of work to better address the connections among the different forms of violence, shape future funding initiatives, and guide its collaborative efforts with partners across the country.

The Public Health Approach to Violence Prevention [PDF 201KB]
This document provides a brief overview of the public health perspective and the foundational questions used to systematically address public health issues in understanding and preventing violence.

The Social-Ecological Model:  A Framework for Violence Prevention [PDF 114KB]
This document presents the four-level social-ecological model (SEM) that CDC uses to better understand and prevent violence.

Understanding Evidence Part 1: Best Available Research Evidence. A Guide to the Continuum of Evidence of Effectiveness [PDF 875KB]
The Evidence Project proposes a comprehensive framework for understanding evidence and evidence-based decision making that includes three types of evidence (best available research evidence, contextual evidence, and experiential evidence). The following documents provide more information about the framework for thinking about evidence. View, download, or print more information

A Framework for Thinking About Evidence [PDF 79KB]

Continuum of Evidence chart [PDF 235KB]

Understanding the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation [PDF 350KB]
This informational brief describes the Interactive Systems Framework for Implementation and Dissemination (ISF). The ISF was developed to address the “how to” gap that exists between scientifically determining what works and moving that knowledge into the field for the benefit of the public.

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Prevention

printed copies are available  
This is intended for individuals and organizations interested in gathering surveillance data on intimate partner violence (IPV). The document is not meant as a set of mandates, but to promote and improve consistency of IPV surveillance. When data elements are uniformly recorded and the data are made available to numerous users, better estimates of the incidence and prevalence of IPV can be obtained, and problems, such as data incompatibility and high costs of collecting, linking, and using data can be substantially reduced. This version updates the original document that was published in 1999.

printed copies are available or printed copies are available

Training Professionals in the Primary Prevention of Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence: A Planning Guide [PDF 1.75MB]
This Guide describes how to develop, implement, and evaluate a process for training professionals to engage in sexual violence and intimate partner violence prevention. The Guide is designed to help practitioners tailor individual trainings to different groups of professionals. It provides definitions of sexual violence and intimate partner violence and includes real-life examples to illustrate theory put into practice. In addition to step-by-step guidance on all the tasks necessary for planning a training, the Guide includes tip sheets, worksheets, checklists, and an extensive resource list.

Understanding Intimate Partner Violence: Fact Sheet [PDF 270KB] 
This two-page fact sheet provides a basic overview of intimate partner violence. It is intended for the general public.

Understanding Teen Dating Violence: Fact Sheet [PDF186KB] 
This two-page fact sheet defines the different forms of dating violence within the context of public health and describes CDC’s prevention strategies.

Sexual Violence Prevention

Sexual Violence on Campus: Strategies for Prevention [PDF 3.49MB]
The Sexual Violence on Campus: Strategies for Prevention document describes CDC’s framework for preventing sexual violence on college and university campuses. The framework outlines the five components needed for prevention efforts to have greater impact on the reduction and prevention of sexual violence on campus. Evidence-informed strategies as well as examples from the field are highlighted.

Evaluation for Improvement: A Seven-Step Empowerment Evaluation Approach [PDF 2.85MB]
This manual is designed to help violence prevention organizations hire an empowerment evaluator who will assist them in building their evaluation capacity through a learn-by-doing process of evaluating their own strategies. It is for state and local leaders and staff members of organizations, coalitions, government agencies, and/or partnerships working to prevent violence. Some parts of the manual may also be useful to empowerment evaluators who work with these organizations.

Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence: Program Activities Guide [PDF 8.37MB]
The Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence: Program Activities Guide describes CDC’s public health activities and research related to intimate partner and sexual violence. The guide outlines four categories of activities which are essential to CDC’s prevention work: tracking the problem, developing and evaluating prevention strategies, supporting and enhancing prevention programs, and providing prevention resources. Key publications are also highlighted. 

Sexual Violence Prevention: Beginning the Dialogue [PDF 209KB]
Sexual violence is a serious public health problem with extensive short- and long-term health consequences. Sexual Violence Prevention: Beginning the Dialogue identifies concepts and strategies that may be used as a foundation for planning, implementing, and evaluating sexual violence prevention activities. 

Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements [PDF 2.01MB] printed copies are available
In the effort to continually improve sexual violence data collection, CDC’s Injury Center has updated Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements. Through an extensive consultation process with researchers and practitioners, this document includes the latest information available for standardizing sexual violence surveillance definitions and data elements. This publication is useful for a wide audience, including policymakers, researchers, public health practitioners, victim advocates, service providers, and media professionals. 

Sexual Violence: Facts at a Glance [PDF 282KB]
This two-page fact sheet provides statistical information about sexual violence, its victims and perpetrators. 

STOP SV:  A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence [PDF 2.84MB]
This document is CDC’s technical package for preventing sexual violence. Within the document, a number of strategies are identified to help states and communities prioritize prevention activities based on the best available evidence.

The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) 2010 Summary Report [PDF 4.27MB]
CDC’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) is an ongoing, nationally-representative telephone survey that collects detailed information on sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization from adult women and men in the United States. NISVS is the first ongoing survey dedicated solely to describing and monitoring these forms of violence as public health issues. Executive Summary in English [PDF 748KB] or Spanish [PDF 740KB]

Training Professionals in the Primary Prevention of Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence: A Planning Guide[PDF 1.57MB]
This Guide describes how to develop, implement, and evaluate a process for training professionals to engage in sexual violence and intimate partner violence prevention. The Guide is designed to help practitioners tailor individual trainings to different groups of professionals. It provides definitions of sexual violence and intimate partner violence and includes real-life examples to illustrate theory put into practice. In addition to step-by-step guidance on all the tasks necessary for planning a training, the Guide includes tip sheets, worksheets, checklists, and an extensive resource list.

Understanding Sexual Violence: Fact Sheet [PDF 382KB]
This two-page fact sheet provides a basic overview of sexual violence. It is intended for the general public. 

Suicide Prevention

Connectedness as a Strategic Direction for the Prevention of Suicidal Behavior [PDF 116KB] 
This two-page document describes CDC’s role in preventing suicidal behaviors and its key strategy of promoting and strengthening connectedness at personal, family and community levels.

Preventing Suicide: Program Activities Guide [PDF 443KB]
Suicide is a serious public health problem with extensive short- and long-term health consequences. The Preventing Suicide: Program Activities Guide describes CDC’s public health activities and research to prevent suicide and suicidal behavior. The guide outlines four categories of activities which are key to CDC’s prevention work: monitoring and researching the problem, supporting and enhancing prevention programs, providing prevention resources, and encouraging research and development.

Self-Directed Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements [PDF 1.3MB] 
Self-directed violence (SDV) is an important public health issue in the United States and worldwide. Though numerous organizations collect information on fatal and non-fatal SDV, there is considerable confusion about how to define the problem. To address the current lack of uniform definitions, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed Self-Directed Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements to improve and standardize data collected on self-directed violence. Consistent data allow researchers to better gauge the scope of the problem, identify high-risk groups, and monitor the effects of prevention programs. The definitions and data elements were developed in collaboration with the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense.

State Suicide Prevention Planning: A CDC Research Brief [PDF 3.7MB] 
This research brief summarizes the major findings of the state suicide prevention planning study, identifies the key issues pertaining to the planning process, and offers suggestions for addressing these issues. It also illustrates opportunities for decision making at specific points in the planning and implementation process and provides suggestions for negotiating those decisions based on a state’s planning perspective, unique contingencies, and desired outcomes.

Strategic Direction for the Prevention of Suicidal Behavior [PDF 506KB] 
This document describes a five-year vision for CDC’s work to prevent fatal and nonfatal suicidal behavior. The strategic direction we propose is to prevent suicidal behavior by building and strengthening connectedness or social bonds within and among persons, families, and communities.

Suicide: Facts at a Glance [PDF 140KB] 
This two-page data sheet provides a basic overview of suicide. It is intended for the general public.

Suicides Due to Alcohol and/or Drug Overdose: A Data Brief from the National Violent Death Reporting System [PDF 351KB]

There are a number of factors that increase the likelihood a person will take his or her own life. One of these is abusing substances such as alcohol and drugs. Alcohol and drug abuse are second only to depression and other mood disorders as the most frequent risk factors for suicidal behavior. This data brief summarizes suicide deaths reported in the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) due to poisoning by alcohol and/or other drug ingestion. The brief contains data from 16 states implementing NVDRS from 2005-2007.

Understanding Suicide: Fact Sheet [PDF 254KB] 
This two-page fact sheet provides a basic overview of suicide. It is intended for the general public.

Youth Violence Prevention

printed copies are available
This document is designed as a tool to help you define and gather systematic data on bullying. It is intended to improve the consistency and comparability of data collected on bullying. Consistent terminology with standardized definitions is necessary to improve public health surveillance of bullying and inform efforts to address bullying.

printed copies are available
This report and its companion guide, Taking Action to Prevent Youth Violence [PDF 1.7MB] , make what’s known about effectively preventing youth violence accessible to all members of a community. They also identify actions each of us can take to stop youth violence before it starts.

Technology and Youth: Protecting Your Child from Electronic Aggression [PDF 161KB]
This tip sheet provides an overview of electronic aggression, any type of harassment or bullying that occurs through e-mail, a chat room, instant messaging, a website (including blogs), or text messaging. It provides parents and caregivers with strategies for protecting children from this type of violence.

Understanding Bullying [PDF 356KB]
Bullying is a form of youth violence and can result in physical injury, social and emotional distress, and even death. Victimized youth are at increased risk for mental health problems such as depression and anxiety, psychosomatic complaints such as headaches, and poor school adjustment. Youth who bully others are at increased risk for substance use, academic problems, and violence later in adolescence and adulthood. The ultimate goal is to stop bullying before it starts.

Understanding School Violence Fact Sheet [PDF 345KB]
This three-page fact sheet presents a range of information about school violence, who is at risk, what CDC is doing to prevent it, and resources to learn more.

Understanding Youth Violence: Fact Sheet [PDF 383KB]
This two-page fact sheet provides a basic overview of youth violence. It is intended for the general public.

Youth Violence: Facts at a Glance [PDF 94.17KB]
This two-page data sheet provides a basic overview of youth violence. It is intended for the general public.

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