Table 10. Percentage of Children Aged 6–11 Years with Untreated Tooth Decay in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 10. Prevalence of untreated tooth decay in permanent teeth (DT ≥1)a among children aged 6–11 years, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
7.7
0.85
5.2
0.44
-2.4*
Age (years)
6-8c
4.1
0.73
2.7
0.43
-1.3
9-11
11.1
1.33
7.6*
0.77
-3.5*
Sex
Malec
7.5
1.02
4.9
0.53
-2.6*
Female
7.9
1.13
5.5
0.61
-2.4
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
5.6
1.17
4.3
0.63
-1.3
Black, non-Hispanic
8.7
1.01
7.1*
0.81
-1.6
Mexican American
12.7
1.07
7.5*
1.14
-5.2*
Poverty status
<100%FPL
11.8
1.74
8.1*
0.81
-3.6
100%–199% FPL
11.9
1.95
5.6
1.06
-6.3*
≥200% FPLc
3.6
0.66
3.5
0.54
0.0
Poverty status
<200% FPL
11.9
1.38
6.9*
0.71
-5.0*
≥200% FPLc
3.6
0.66
3.5
0.54
0.0

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (single years) to U.S. 2000 standard population. SE=Standard error. FPL=Federal Poverty Level. <100% FPL=Poor. 100%–199% FPL= Near poor. ≥200% FPL= Not poor. < 200% FPL=Poor and near poor combined. 0.0=Zero due to rounding.

*P <0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed permanent teeth among children with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011-2016. Positive value=increase and negative value=decrease.
c Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.