Reports and other studies can be important resources for investigating and preventing outbreaks. Below are reports, surveillance summaries, and other studies that have used NORS outbreak data.
- Foodborne (1973–2013) and Waterborne Disease Outbreaks — United States, 1971–2013. MMWR PubMedexternal icon
Dewey-Mattia D, Roberts VA, Vieira A, Fullerton KE. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016 Oct 14; 63(55): p. 79–83.
- Acute gastroenteritis surveillance through the National Outbreak Reporting System, United States. DOI PubMedexternal icon PMCexternal icon
Hall AJ, Wikswo ME, Manikonda K, Roberts VA, Yoder JS, Gould LH. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013; 19(8): p. 1305–09.
- Effects and clinical significance of GII.4 Sydney norovirus, United States, 2012–2013. DOI PubMedexternal icon PMCexternal icon
Leshem E, Wikswo M, Barclay L, Brandt E, Storm W, Salehi E et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013; 19(8): p. 1231–38.
- Near real-time surveillance of U.S. norovirus outbreaks by the Norovirus Sentinel Testing and Tracking Network – United States, August 2009 — July 2015. MMWR PubMedexternal icon PMCexternal icon
Shah M, Wikswo M, Barclay L, Kambhampati A, Shioda K, Parashar U, Vinje J, Hall A. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 Feb 24; 66(7): p. 185–89.
Waterborne Disease Surveillance Reports
- Drinking Water
- Recreational Water
- Environmental and Undetermined Exposures to Water
- Algal bloom–associated disease outbreaks among users of freshwater lakes — United States, 2009–2010. MMWR PubMedexternal icon PMCexternal icon
Hilborn ED, Roberts VA, Backer L, DeConno E, Egan JS, Hyde JB et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Jan 10; 63(1): p. 11–15.
- Impact of public health interventions on drinking water — associated outbreaks of Hepatitis A — United States, 1971-2017. MMWR PubMedexternal icon
Barrett CE, Pape BJ, Benedict KM, Foster MA, Roberts VA, Rotert R, Mattioli MM, Yoder JS. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Sept 6; 68(35): p. 766–70.
- Outbreaks associated with untreated recreational water — United States, 2000-2014. MMWR PubMedexternal icon PMCexternal icon
Graciaa DS, Cope JR, Roberts VA, Cikesh BL, Kahler AM, Vigar M et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 June 29; 67(25) p. 701–06.
- Outbreaks associated with treated recreational water — United States, 2000-2014. MMWR PubMedexternal icon PMCexternal icon
Hlavsa MC, Cikesh BL, Roberts VA, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 May 18; 67(19) p. 547–51.
Related Waterborne Disease Outbreak Publications
The Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) is CDC’s program for collecting and reporting information about foodborne disease outbreaks in the United States. It is a part of NORS.
FDOSS collects information about foodborne disease outbreaks, such as:
- Date and location of the outbreak
- Number of people who became ill and their symptoms
- Food or drink implicated
- Setting where the food or drink was prepared and eaten
- Pathogen (germ, toxin, or chemical) that caused the outbreak
Each year, CDC summarizes FDOSS data in an annual surveillance report and makes it available through NORS Dashboard, CDC’s interactive program for accessing and searching NORS data. CDC also maintains a list of selected publications containing FDOSS data.
The Animal Contact Outbreak Surveillance System (ACOSS) is CDC’s system for collecting and reporting information about U.S. enteric illness outbreaks linked to contact with animals or their environments. It is a part of NORS.
Information collected by ACOSS includes:
- Date and location of the outbreak
- The number of people who became ill and their symptoms
- Type of animal involved
- Setting where the contact happened
- Pathogen (bacteria, virus, or parasite) that caused the outbreak
Each year, CDC makes ACOSS data available through NORS Dashboard, CDC’s interactive program for accessing and searching NORS data. In addition, CDC has summarized 2017 ACOSS data in a surveillance report and maintains a list of selected publications using ACOSS data.
- Outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis transmitted by person-to-person contact, environmental contamination, and unknown modes of transmission — United States, 2009–2013. MMWR PubMedexternal icon Wikswo ME, Kambhampati A, Shioda K, Walsh KA, Bowen A, Hall AJ. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Dec 11; 64(SS12): p. 1–16.