Annual Summaries of Foodborne Outbreaks

CDC publishes annual summaries of domestic foodborne disease outbreaks based on reports provided by state, local, and territorial health departments. These summaries help public health practitioners better understand the germs, foods, settings, and contributing factors (for example, food not kept at the right temperature) involved in these outbreaks. They also can help identify emerging foodborne disease threats and can be used to shape and assess outbreak prevention measures. Learn more >

A Brief History of U.S. Foodborne Disease Outbreak Reporting
  • 1923: The Public Health Service begins publishing annual summaries of foodborne disease outbreaks linked to milk.
  • 1938: The Public Health Service expands reporting to all foodborne outbreaks.
  • 1961: CDC, then called the Communicable Disease Center, takes over reporting from the Public Health Service.
  • 1961–1965: CDC provides outbreak statistics and accounts of individual outbreaks in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).
  • 1966: In response to growing interest in foodborne diseases, CDC resumes publishing annual summaries of foodborne disease outbreaks.
  • 1966–1982: CDC publishes outbreak data as stand-alone booklets.
  • 1982–2010: CDC returns to publishing reports in MMWR.
  • 2011: CDC begins to post annual summaries online.

Annual Reports: 2011–2017

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States, 2011: Annual Report cover
Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States, 2012: Annual Report cover

MMWR Reports: 1982–2015*

* Some of the documents in this section, due to their historical nature, are not able to be provided in an accessible (508-compliant) format. These are archived / historical PDFs that are no longer being updated.