Gasoline

Synonyms & Trade Names
Motor fuel, Motor spirits, Natural gasoline, Petrol [Note: A complex mixture of volatile hydrocarbons (paraffins, cycloparaffins, and aromatics).]
CAS No.
8006-61-9
RTECS No.
DOT ID & Guide
1203 128
Formula
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.5 mg/m3 (approx)
IDLH
Ca [N.D.]
See: IDLH INDEX
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
Ca See Appendix A
OSHA PEL
none See Appendix G
Measurement Methods
OSHA PV2028
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Clear liquid with a characteristic odor.
Molecular Weight
110 (approx)
Boiling Point
102°F
Freezing Point
?
Solubility
Insoluble
Vapor Pressure
38-300 mmHg
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
(60°F): 0.72-0.76
Flash Point
-45°F
Upper Exposive Limit
7.6%
Lower Explosive Limit
1.4%
Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers such as peroxides, nitric acid & perchlorates
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; dermatitis; headache, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion), blurred vision, dizziness, slurred speech, confusion, convulsions; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid); possible liver, kidney damage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys
Cancer Site
[in animals: liver & kidney cancer]
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet (flammable)
Change:No recommendation
Provide:Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap flush immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
Page last reviewed: November 29, 2018