Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program


As of 2016, NIOSH has investigated over 600 firefighter line-of-duty deaths since the program was initiated, or approximately 40 percent of the total number of firefighter fatalities.

Did you know…

  • Approximately 80 to 100 firefighters die in the line of duty each year.
  • A firefighter fatality is considered to be a line-of-duty death when the fatality occurs while the firefighter is on-duty or within 24 hours after last being on-duty or responding to an emergency event.
  • In 1998, Congress funded NIOSH to implement a firefighter safety initiative to address this occupational hazard.
  • Historically, approximately half of all firefighter line-of-duty deaths have been caused by heart attacks and cardiovascular disease.
  • Other leading causes of firefighter fatalities include motor vehicle crashes, rapid fire progression, struck-by events, structural collapse, lost/disorientation, and falls.

Learn what five steps to expect during our firefighter fatality investigations.

Search for reports by state data map, state and fatality type, keyword, or USFA/NIOSH map.

Search pending firefighter fatality investigations and reports.

Page last reviewed: September 9, 2021