Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program

About the Program

In 1998, Congress recognized the need to address the national problem of work-related firefighter deaths, funding NIOSH to implement a firefighter safety initiative.

The NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program (FFFIPP) conducts independent investigations of firefighter line-of-duty deaths and recommends ways to prevent deaths and injuries.

We are a public health program and do not:

  • enforce compliance with state or federal job safety and health standards
  • determine fault or place blame on fire departments or individual firefighters.

Since our program’s start, we have investigated approximately 40 percent of firefighter deaths. We prioritize investigations using a decision flow chart pdf icon[PDF – 33 KB]. Investigation priorities may change based upon the review of fatality data for leading risks to firefighters and on fire service stakeholder input.

Page last reviewed: September 9, 2021