QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates,* by Method of Suicide — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2001–2021

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The figure is a line graph depicting the age-adjusted suicide rates in the United States, by method of suicide, during 2001–2021, according to the National Vital Statistics System.

* Deaths per 100,000 population are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population.

Suicides were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes U03, X60–X84, and Y87.0. Specific methods of suicide were identified using underlying cause-of-death codes X72–X74 (firearm), X70 (suffocation), and X60–X69 (poisoning). Other methods include suicides involving means other than firearm, suffocation, or poisoning.

During 2001–2021, age-adjusted suicide rates involving firearms, suffocation, and other methods generally increased, and those involving poisoning decreased. Rates of firearm-related suicide were stable from 2001 (5.9 deaths per 100,000 population) to 2006 (5.5), and then increased through 2021 (7.5). Rates of suffocation-related suicide increased from 2.2 deaths in 2001 to 4.3 in 2018, and then decreased slightly through 2021 (3.8). After a period of increasing and then stable rates during 2001–2016, suicide rates attributed to poisoning decreased from 2.0 in 2016 to 1.6 in 2021. Firearm-related suicide had the highest rates during the period.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality Data, 2001–2021. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/deaths.htm

Reported by: Matthew F. Garnett, MPH, Mgarnett@cdc.gov; Sally C. Curtin, MA; Merianne R. Spencer, MPH.

For more information on this topic, CDC recommends the following link: https://www.cdc.gov/suicide

Suggested citation for this article: QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates, by Method of Suicide — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2001–2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2023;72:1018. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7237a4.

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