Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Announcement: National Birth Defects Prevention Month and Folic Acid Awareness Week — January 2018


Article Metrics

Altmetric:

Citations:

Views: Views equals page views plus PDF downloads

Metric Details
View suggested citation and related materials

The Zika virus outbreak and response led to renewed focus on how infections can increase the risk for having a baby born with a birth defect. “Prevent Infections for Baby’s Protection” is the theme of January 2018’s National Birth Defects Prevention Month. Birth defects are common, costly, and critical conditions that affect one in 33 U.S. babies annually (1). Not all birth defects can be prevented, but women can increase their chances of having a healthy baby by reducing their risk for getting infections before and during pregnancy.

Women who are pregnant or might become pregnant can take the following steps to prevent infections: talk to their health care provider about how they can reduce their risk for infections; get vaccinated to help protect against influenza (2) and pertussis (3); protect themselves from insects, such as mosquitoes, known to carry infections, including Zika (4); and reduce contact with saliva and urine from babies and young children to prevent infections such as cytomegalovirus (5). CDC encourages everyone to join this nationwide effort to raise awareness of birth defects, their causes, and their impact. Additional information is available at https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/prevention-month.html.

January 7–13, 2018 is National Folic Acid Awareness Week. CDC urges all reproductive-aged women to get 400 µg of folic acid every day to help reduce the risk for serious birth defects of the brain and spinal cord (spina bifida and other neural tube defects) (6). Women can get folic acid from fortified foods, supplements, or both. This guidance is especially important for Hispanic/Latina women, because this group has the highest rate of pregnancies affected by neural tube defects and the lowest reported consumption of folic acid (7). Additional information about folic acid is available at https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/folicacid/index.html.


References

  1. CDC. Update on overall prevalence of major birth defects—Atlanta, Georgia, 1978–2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2008;57:1–5. PubMed
  2. Grohskopf LA, Sokolow LZ, Broder KR, et al. Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices—United States, 2017–18 influenza season. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66(No. RR-2). CrossRef PubMed
  3. CDC. Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women—Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2013;62:131–5. PubMed
  4. CDC. Pregnant? Protect yourself from mosquito bites. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2016. https://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/zika-pregnancy.pdf
  5. Cannon MJ, Davis KF. Washing our hands of the congenital cytomegalovirus disease epidemic. BMC Public Health 2005;5:70. CrossRef PubMed
  6. Williams J, Mai CT, Mulinare J, et al. . Updated estimates of neural tube defects prevented by mandatory folic Acid fortification—United States, 1995–2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015;64:1–5. PubMed
  7. CDC. Trends in folic acid supplement intake among women of reproductive age—California, 2002–2006. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2007;56:1106–9. PubMed

Suggested citation for this article: Announcement: National Birth Defects Prevention Month and Folic Acid Awareness Week — January 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;66:1411. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm665152a6.

MMWR and Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report are service marks of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.

All HTML versions of MMWR articles are generated from final proofs through an automated process. This conversion might result in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users are referred to the electronic PDF version (https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr) and/or the original MMWR paper copy for printable versions of official text, figures, and tables.

Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to mmwrq@cdc.gov.

TOP