HIV and Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men

Hispanic/Latinoa gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with menb are heavily affected by HIV. In 2017, adult and adolescent Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual menc made up 20% (7,722) of the 38,739 new HIV diagnosesd in the United States (US) and dependent areas.e HIV diagnoses have increased in recent years among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men overall.

The Numbers

HIV Diagnosesc

Of the 38,739 new HIV diagnoses in the US and dependent areas in 2017: 7,722 were among adult and adolescent Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men. About 2 out of 3 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men who received an HIV diagnoses were aged 13 to 34.

Of the 38,739 new HIV diagnoses in the US and dependent areas in 2017: 7,722 were among adult and adolescent Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men. About 2 out of 3 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men who received an HIV diagnoses were aged 13 to 34.

New HIV Diagnoses Among Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States and Dependent Areas By Race/Ethnicity, 2017

New HIV diagnoses among gay and bisexual men in the United States and dependent areas in 2017 by race/ethnicity. Blacks/African Americans = 37%; Whites = 28%; Hispanics/Latinos = 29%; Multiple Races = 2%; Asians = 3%; American Indians/Alaska Natives = 1%; Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders = <1%.

Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2017 pdf icon[PDF – 6 MB]. HIV Surveillance Report 2018;29.

New HIV Diagnoses Among Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States and Dependent Areas By Age and Race/Ethnicity, 2017

New HIV diagnoses among gay and bisexual men in the United States and dependent areas in 2017 by age and race/ethnicity. White gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24: =1,247; aged 25 to 34 = 2,511; aged 35 to 44 = 1,460; aged 45 to 54 = 1,445; aged 55 and older = 945. Black/African American gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24: =3,450; aged 25 to 34 = 4,088; aged 35 to 44 = 1,331; aged 45 to 54 = 778; aged 55 and older = 424. Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24: =1,705; aged 25 to 34 = 3,178; aged 35 to 44 = 1,578; aged 45 to 54 = 918; aged 55 and older = 342. Asian gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24: =184; aged 25 to 34 = 271; aged 35 to 44 = 167; aged 45 to 54 = 106; aged 55 and older = 39.

Subpopulations representing 2% or less of HIV diagnoses among gay and bisexual men are not reflected in this chart.
Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2017 pdf icon[PDF – 6 MB]. HIV Surveillance Report 2018;29.

From 2010 to 2016, HIV diagnoses increased 18% among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men overall in 50 states and the District of Columbia. But trends varied by age.

HIV Diagnoses Among Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men in 50 States and the District of Columbia, 2010-2016

HIV diagnoses among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men in 50 states and the District of Columbia from 2010 to 2016. HIV diagnoses increased 18% among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men overall. By age, Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24 increased 17%; aged 25 to 34 increased 34%; aged 35 to 44 remained stable; aged 45 to 54 increased 14%; aged 55 and older increased 10%.

Source: CDC. NCHHSTP AtlasPlus. Accessed September 24, 2019.

Living With HIVc

Adult and Adolescent Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men With HIV

This infographic shows the continuum of care data for adult and adolescent Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men with HIV. At the end of 2016, an estimated 168,400 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men had HIV. 4 in 5 knew they had the virus. For every 100 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men with HIV in 41 states and the District of Columbia in 2016, 76 received some HIV care, 62 were retained in care, and 61 were virally suppressed.

*Includes infections attributed male-to-male sexual contact only. Among Hispanic/Latino men with HIV infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, 91% knew they had HIV.
Had 2 viral load or CD4 tests at least 3 months apart in a year.
Based on most recent viral load test.
Source: CDC. Estimated HIV incidence and prevalence in the United States 2010–2016 pdf icon[PDF – 3 MB]. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2019;24(1).
Source: CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2017 pdf icon[PDF – 3 MB]. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2019;24(3).

Adult and Adolescent Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men With HIV

At the end of 2016, an estimated 168,400 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men had HIV. 4 in 5 knew they had the virus. For every 100 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men with HIV in 41 states and the District of Columbia in 2016, 76 received some HIV care, 62 were retained in care, and 61 were virally suppressed.

*Includes infections attributed male-to-male sexual contact only. Among Hispanic/Latino men with HIV infection attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, 91% knew they had HIV.
Had 2 viral load or CD4 tests at least 3 months apart in a year.
Based on most recent viral load test.

Source: CDC. Estimated HIV incidence and prevalence in the United States 2010–2016 pdf icon[PDF – 3 MB]. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2019;24(1).
Source: CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2017 pdf icon[PDF – 3 MB]. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2019;24(3).

graphic of a bottle of pills

A person with HIV who takes HIV medicine as prescribed and gets and stays virally suppressed or undetectable can stay healthy and has effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to HIV-negative partners.

Deaths c

In 2016, there were 1,326 deaths among adult and adolescent Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men with diagnosed HIV in the US. These deaths may be due to any cause.

Stigma, homophobia, and discrimination put gay and bisexual men of all races/ethnicities at risk for multiple physical and mental health problems and affects whether they seek and are able to receive high-quality health services, including HIV testing, treatment, and other prevention services. In addition to stigma and other risk factors that affect all gay and bisexual men, several factors are specific to Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men.

Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men are more likely to report that their last sex partner was older.

Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men are more likely to report that their last sex partner was older, compared to white or African American gay and bisexual men. Having older partners may increase the likelihood of being exposed to HIV because an older partner is more likely to have had more sexual partners or other risks, and is more likely to have HIV.

A very small number of Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men reported using PrEP.

Overall, a very small number of Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men reported using PrEP, and a much lower number than white gay and bisexual men. If taken daily, PrEP is highly effective for preventing HIV.

Socioeconomic factors make it harder for some Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men to get HIV testing and care.

Poverty, migration patterns, lower educational level, and language barriers may make it harder for some Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men to get HIV testing and care.

Some Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men may not use HIV prevention services due to fear of disclosing their immigration status.

Some Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men may not use HIV prevention services, get an HIV test, or get treatment if they have HIV due to fear of disclosing their immigration status.

People who don’t know they have HIV cannot get the medicine they need to stay healthy and prevent transmitting HIV to their partners.

People who don’t know they have HIV cannot get the medicine they need to stay healthy and prevent transmitting HIV to their partners. Therefore, they may transmit the infection to others without knowing it.

CDC and its partners are pursuing a high-impact prevention approach to maximize the effectiveness of current HIV prevention interventions and strategies among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men. Funding state, territorial, and local health departments is CDC’s largest investment in HIV prevention.

  • Under the strategic partnerships and planning cooperative agreement, CDC will fund a national organization to support integrated HIV programs through the development of strategic national partnerships and enhanced communication efforts. This funding opportunity will also provide funding to health departments to engage community partners in a planning process to help develop jurisdictional Ending the HIV Epidemic plans.
  • In 2017, CDC awarded nearly $11 million per year for 5 years to 30 CBOs to provide HIV testing to young gay and bisexual men of color and transgender youth of color, with the goals of identifying undiagnosed HIV infections and linking those who have HIV to care and prevention services.
  • Under the integrated HIV surveillance and prevention cooperative agreement, CDC awarded around $400 million per year to health departments for HIV data collection and prevention efforts. This award directs resources to the populations and geographic areas of greatest need, while supporting core HIV surveillance and prevention efforts across the US.
  • In 2019, CDC awarded a cooperative agreement to strengthen the capacity and improve the performance of the nation’s HIV prevention workforce. New elements include dedicated providers for web-based and classroom-based national training, and technical assistance tailored within four geographic regions.
  • CDC is funding a demonstration project in 4 jurisdictions to identify active HIV transmission networks and implement HIV interventions for Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men. Activities include assessing transmission and risk networks, HIV testing, and linking people with HIV to care and treatment.
  • Under the flagship community-based organization cooperative agreement, CDC awarded about $42 million per year to community organizations. This award directs resources to support the delivery of effective HIV prevention strategies to people at greatest risk.
  • Through its Let’s Stop HIV Together campaign (formerly Act Against AIDS), CDC provides Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men with effective and culturally appropriate messages about HIV testing, prevention, and treatment. For example,
    • Stop HIV Stigma highlights the role that each person plays in stopping HIV stigma and gives voice to people living with HIV, as well as their friends and family.
    • Doing It motivates all adults to get tested for HIV and know their status.
    • Start Talking. Stop HIV. focuses on gay and bisexual men and encourages open communication between sex partners and friends about HIV prevention strategies.
    • HIV Treatment Works shows how people with HIV have been successful getting care and staying on treatment.
    • Partnering and Communicating Together (PACT) raises awareness about testing, prevention, and retention in care among populations disproportionately affected by HIV, including Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men.

To learn more about a range of health issues affecting gay and bisexual men, visit the CDC Gay and Bisexual Men’s Health site.

a Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
b The term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates a behavior that transmits HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality. This fact sheet uses the term gay and bisexual men.
c Includes infections attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use (men who reported both risk factors).
d HIV diagnoses refers to the number of people who received an HIV diagnosis during a given time period, not when the people got HIV infection.
e Unless otherwise noted, the term United States (US) includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the 6 dependent areas of American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the US Virgin Islands.

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