Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV

Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV is an individual client-centered strategy designed to provide foundational information and skills for providers who wish to develop their understanding of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to improve their relationships with clients and ability to implement programs and strategies related to health care access and use.

About Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV

This synchronous virtual course on MI will introduce learners to the foundational content and skills of MI. This is a multi-session course that will describe motivational interviewing, explore its effectiveness, and review all the elements and skills necessary to utilize MI. This course is divided into four 90-minute sessions, presented over two days. It will provide learners with the opportunity to practice the fundamental skills necessary for applying MI within their client interactions.

Learning Objectives

  • Define Motivational Interviewing and how the MI approach helps one support their clients
  • Discuss the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing and how it has been applied in HIV Prevention and Care
  • Describe the “spirit” of MI which communicates compassion, acceptance, partnership, and respect
  • Describe the 4 processes of Motivational Interviewing and practice their application
  • Use the Core Communication skills of Motivational Interviewing: open-ended questions, affirmations, reflective listening, and summarizing
  • Describe the foundational content of Motivational Interviewing
  • Build skills to use Motivational Interviewing in your daily HIV prevention practice

Target Population

  • Community-based organizations (CBOs) workforce
  • Health department workforce
  • Health care organizations implementing HIV programs and services

Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV Training

This training has one component:

  1. 4 90-minute virtual, instructor-led training sessions

The training consists of four main elements:

  1. Explore three key foundational MI elements:
    • Partnership and collaboration between the therapist and the client
    • Evoking or drawing out the client’s own ideas about change
    • Emphasizing the autonomy of the client
  2. Change talk is the statements we make that reflects our desire to change. It identifies the client’s statements about their desire, ability, reasons, and need for change.
  3. The four processes of MI include:
    • Engaging
    • Focusing
    • Evoking
    • Planning
  4. Core Communication skills:
    • Open-Ended Questions
    • Affirmations
    • Reflective Listening
    • Summarizing

To view and register for virtual, instructor-led trainings:

  1. Access the National HIV Classroom Learning Center training calendarexternal icon hosted on Cicatelli Associates, Inc.’s (CAI’s) website.
  2. Pre-register for your selected course via the link provided in the training calendar.
  3. Complete your registration on CDC TRAINexternal icon as directed when you receive an email from the National HIV Classroom Learning Center. You must join the HIV CBA Learning Group and locate the HIV CBA Training Plan in order to complete your CDC TRAIN registration for a specific training session (step-by-step instructionsexternal icon are available).

Technical assistance for the implementation of Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV is available.

To request technical assistance:

  1. CDC’s directly funded health department and CBO partners may request technical assistance support by submitting a request in the CBA Tracking System.
  2. Organizations not directly funded by CDC may contact their local health department for assistance in submitting a training request.

If you have questions or need additional assistance, please contact

Implementation and Marketing Materials

Materials and resources that support the implementation of Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV are coming soon.

  • Miller WR, Rollnick S. Motivational Interviewing: Helping People Change (3rd ed.). New York City: Guilford Press; 2013.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Cicatelli Associates, Inc. Fundamentals of Motivational Interviewing for HIV: Trainer Manual; 2020.