Disease Burden from Viral Hepatitis A, B, and C in the United States

Hepatitis A
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Reported Acute (New) Cases of Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)
3,579
2,979
2,585
1,987
1,670
1,398
1,562
1,781
1,239
1,390
2,007
2011 (estimated)*
2012 (estimated)*
2013 (estimated)*
2014 (estimated)*
2015 (estimated)*
2016 (estimated)*
Estimated Actual New Cases of HAV (range)
2,700
(1,900- 3,100)
3,000
(2,200- 3,500)
3,500
(2,500- 3,900)
2,500
(1,700- 2,800)
2,800
(1,900- 3,100)
4,000
(2,800–4,400)

* Actual acute cases estimated to be 2 times the number of reported cases in any year

Est. No. of Chronic Cases In the United States
No chronic infections
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014*
2015*
2016*
No. of Death Certificates listing HAV as a Cause of Death
95
69
77
80
76
67
70

* Underlying or contributing cause of death in most recent year available (2016)

 

Incidence of Hepatitis A, by year United States, 1980-2011
Hepatitis B
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Reported Acute (New) Cases of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
4,713
4,519
4,029
3,374
3,350
2,890
2,895
3,050
2,791
3,370
3,218
2011 (estimated)*
2012 (estimated)*
2013 (estimated)*
2014 (estimated)*
2015 (estimated)*
2016 (estimated)*
Estimated Actual New Cases of HBV (range)
18,800
(10,800-46,100)
18,800
(10,800-46,100)
19,800
(11,300-48,500)
19,200
(11,000-47,100)
21,900
(12,500-53,600)
20,900
(11,900–51,200)

* Actual acute cases estimated to be 6.5 times the number of reported cases in any year

Est. No. of Chronic Cases In the United States
850,000 – 2.2 million
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014*
2015*
2016*
No. of Death Certificates listing HBV as a Cause of Death
1,792
1,804
77
1,771
1,873
1,843
1,715

* Underlying or contributing cause of death in most recent year available (2016)

 

Incidence of Acute Hepatitis B, by year United States, 1980-2011
Hepatitis C
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
Reported Acute (New) Cases of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
802
849
878
781
853
1,230
1,778
2,138
2,194
2,436
2,967
2011 (estimated)*
2012 (estimated)*
2013 (estimated)*
2014 (estimated)*
2015 (estimated)*
2016 (estimated)*
Estimated Actual New Cases of HCV (range)
16,500
(7,200-43,400)
24,700
(19,600-84,400)
29,700
(23,500-101,400)
30,500
(24,200-104,200)
33,900
(26,800-115,500)
41,200
(32,600– 140,600)

* Actual acute cases estimated to be 13.9 times the number of reported cases in any year

Est. No. of Chronic Cases In the United States
3.5 million
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014*
2015*
2016*
No. of Death Certificates listing HCV as a Cause of Death
16,627†
17,721†
18,650†
19,368†
19,659†
19,629†
18,153†

* Underlying or contributing cause of death in most recent year available (2016)
†Current information indicates these represent a fraction of deaths attributable in whole or in part to chronic hepatitis C

 

Incidence of acute Hepatitis C, by year United States, 2002-2011