CDC in Mozambique

At a glance

Established in 2000, CDC Mozambique collaborates with the Government of Mozambique (GRM) on public health initiatives. Priorities include addressing HIV, tuberculosis (TB), malaria, cholera, influenza, polio, COVID-19, and other public health threats.

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A group of people sit in a circle on the grass with their hand stacked on top of each other in the middle of the circle, like a team huddle. The hand on top is holding a pill.
Community groups boost access to HIV treatment.

CDC established an office in Mozambique in 2000. CDC works closely with the Ministry of Health (MOH), National Public Health Institute (NPHI), civil society, and partner organizations on:

  • Global health security
  • HIV
  • TB
  • Malaria
  • Immunization
  • Other infectious diseases

Global health security

Strategic focus

CDC works with MOH to strengthen health systems. Priorities include building capacity in human resources for health (HRH), public health infrastructure, health information systems, surveillance, and laboratory systems. These systems are essential for outbreak preparedness and response and for delivering high-quality HIV and TB prevention and treatment services.

CDC activities include:

  • Supporting strengthened capacity, sustainability, and effectiveness of HRH.
  • Strengthening laboratory infrastructure, services, and systems for HIV and TB diagnostics and treatment monitoring.
    • Six reference laboratories have achieved international ISO15189 accreditation.
  • Supporting NPHI’s capacity for multi-disease testing, surveillance, and outbreak preparedness and response.
  • Enhancing the availability, accessibility, quality, and use of program and public health data.
  • Strengthening electronic health and laboratory information systems, including those for HIV and TB.
  • Conceptualizing research, conducting population-based and behavioral surveys, and strengthening disease surveillance.
  • Promoting a country-owned, sustainable, and resilient health system.

Workforce development

CDC helped Mozambique establish a Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) in 2010. FETP helps increase the country's capacity to investigate and respond to disease outbreaks.

FETP trains participants in applied epidemiology, laboratory management, data collection, and translation of data into evidence-based action. As part of their training, FETP fellows support MOH and NPHI with HIV and TB surveillance, monitoring, and evaluation. FETP in Mozambique strengthens district-level epidemiologic capacity and is comprised of three levels:

  • Frontline/basic (3 months), launched in 2021.
  • Intermediate (9 months), started in 2022.
  • Advanced (2 years), initiated in 2010.

FETP graduates supported the national COVID-19 response. Activities included investigating cases and deaths, assessing contact tracing effectiveness, and assessing compliance with quarantine and isolation. FETP graduates also supported outbreak investigations and emergency response efforts following natural disasters. Examples include Cyclones Idai and Kenneth (2019), Ana (2022) and Freddy (2023).

Emergency response

CDC strengthens local capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease outbreaks and other public health threats. Investments in NPHI build upon HIV investments to strengthen NPHI’s ability to coordinate key public health functions. Functions include surveillance, laboratory systems, outbreak investigations and response, public health data use and communications, and public health research.

In addition, CDC supports GRM to rapidly respond to public health emergencies, including the COVID-19, polio, and cholera responses. Activities have included:

  • Strategic planning and coordination.
  • Disease surveillance.
  • Laboratory testing and quality assurance.
  • Infection prevention and control.
  • Vaccination campaigns.
  • Continuity of essential health services and clinical care.
  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions.

Key accomplishments

  • Since 2010, about 150 professionals have graduated from the FETP program.
  • In 2022, FETP Advanced received accreditation from the Training Programs in Epidemiology and Public Health Interventions Network.
    • The accreditation confirms Mozambique's alignment with quality training standards and increases recognition of FETP's value in supporting the country's public health priorities.
  • CDC helped establish a distance learning platform in Mozambique, known as Telesaude.
    • Telesaude provides case management support using hotlines and distance learning for training and mentoring activities.

HIV and TB

A man is sitting at a table talking to another person seated next to him. Colorful brochures and a large paper booklet are on the desk.
CDC is committed to increasing male engagement in health services.

Strategic focus

CDC has helped develop and strengthen Mozambique's response to the dual HIV and TB epidemics since 2000. CDC is one of the lead US government agencies supporting the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief program, and working with MOH, other government partners and various international and local partners to achieve epidemic control and establish health systems that support the national HIV response program in Mozambique. The program is aligned with the global goals for HIV epidemic control set by the UNAIDS.

CDC, MOH and provincial health authorities work to prevent and treat HIV and improve equitable coverage of HIV services. Activities include:

  • Delivering integrated HIV and TB health services in 498 health facilities, including but not limited to:
    • Antiretroviral treatment (ART) for adults and children living with HIV.
    • HIV testing and case finding.
    • Voluntary medical male circumcisions.
    • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
    • PrEP.
    • TB prevention and treatment.
    • HIV and TB health literacy.
  • Preventing and reducing gender-based violence and supporting services for survivors of violence.
  • Supporting development and implementation of national guidelines, tools, and workforce capacity and building to advance quality of service delivery.
  • Establishing and implementing disease surveillance.

Key accomplishments

  • As of September 2023:
    • About 1.3 million people living with HIV received ART at a CDC-supported facility.
    • 63,000 pregnant women with HIV infection receive ART services at a CDC-supported facility.
    • Over 1.7 million men have received a voluntary safe medical circumcision since 2010.
  • From October 2022 to September 2023, CDC supported more than 6 million HIV tests.


Strategic focus

Mozambique faces a significant malaria risk, with its entire 32 million population vulnerable, particularly in the central and northern regions. In partnership with United States Agency for International Development, CDC supports implementation of the U.S. President's Malaria Initiative (PMI). PMI collaborates with MOH and NPHI to implement malaria prevention and control activities. These efforts aim to decrease malaria-related illness and deaths in the country, particularly in the provinces of Zambezia, Nampula, and Manica.

Key activities include:

  • Indoor residual spraying.
  • Mosquito monitoring to understand the following about mosquitoes that transmit malaria:
    • Insecticide susceptibility
    • Behavior
    • Population
  • Providing malaria tests, antimalarials, and malaria preventive treatments.
  • Ensuring quality care of people with malaria.
  • Drug resistance monitoring to ensure antimalarials remain effective.
  • Supply chain management.
  • Social and behavioral change.

Key accomplishments

Since 2007, CDC's support through PMI has helped deliver:

  • 16.8 million mosquito nets, which has led to a fivefold increase in homes with at least one net.
  • 16 million malaria preventive treatments in pregnancy.
  • Over 110 million rapid diagnostics tests and 89 million fast-acting malaria medicines.


Influenza viruses require continued vigilance to protect the world from seasonal influenza and novel strains that could trigger a pandemic.

CDC has worked with the GRM to help build surveillance and laboratory capacity to detect and respond to influenza. This platform was leveraged and expanded to include SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, and respiratory syncytial virus.

Mozambique participates in the World Health Organization's External Quality Assessment Project for influenza laboratories. The project helps strengthen diagnostic capacity and preparedness to respond to influenza outbreaks worldwide by monitoring quality and performance standards.

Poliovirus outbreak response

Mozambique faces significant challenges in maintaining routine immunization rates. The country is the current epicenter of a wild poliovirus outbreak, with two concurrent vaccine-derived poliovirus outbreaks ongoing.

CDC continues to support the nationwide polio response as a key partner in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. CDC has deployed epidemiologists and scientists to priority provinces to help detect polio cases and plan, implement, and monitor campaigns. Additionally, residents and graduates of Mozambique's CDC-supported FETP have deployed nationwide to support active case finding and campaign monitoring.

CDC's activities to prevent polio and respond to polio outbreaks include:

  • Strengthening polio case finding, contract tracing and surveillance.
  • Coordinating and implementing vaccination campaigns.
  • Implementing vaccine uptake monitoring.

Key Polio Achievement‎

Mozambique reached high rates of polio vaccination coverage among target populations, thanks to enhanced case detection and successful implementation of 9 rounds of polio vaccination campaigns.

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