Monitoring and Evaluation Logic Model

Updated June 20, 2020

Governments, organizations, and individuals…

  1. Support and promote community mitigation
    • Issue recommendations
    • Make policy changes
    • Share information
    • Commit to change
    • Provide other supports
  1. Across settings and sectors
    • Homes
    • Educational institutions
    • Childcare centers
    • Recreational facilities
    • Health care settings
    • General workplaces
    • Critical infrastructure workplaces
    • Community & faith-based organizations
    • Social gatherings and events
  1. Special attention to disproportionately affected populations
    • People at higher risk for severe illness
    • People at risk for negative physical, mental or emotional health outcomes

Implement community mitigation strategies that promote behaviors that prevent spread, maintain healthy environments and operations, and prepare for when someone gets sick 

  1. Individual actions
    • Heighten personal protective measures
    • Increase self-isolation practices
Community actions
    • Increase physical distancing
    • Limit movement & gatherings
    • Restrict travel & borders
    • Reduce & adapt services
    • Conduct health screenings
    • Close businesses & limit other services
    • Dismiss schools
    • Increase workplace administrative controls or flexible leave policies
Environmental actions
    • Intensify cleaning and disinfection
Strengthen, focus, or relax mitigation strategies based on local context

 

To achieve these outcomes

  1. Reduce exposure among individuals
    • Reduce contact among individuals
    • Reduce use of non-essential spaces & services
    • Reduce exposure to virus on frequently touched surfaces
  1. Reduce transmission
    • Reduce total number of cases
    • Reduce disparities of cases among population groups
  1. Reduce burden on the health care system
    • Reduce emergency department visits & hospitalizations
    • Maintain ability to care for people with COVID-19
    • Ability to maintain care for people with underlying medical conditions
  1. Minimize COVID-19 morbidity & associated mortality
It is important to consider:
  1. Critical considerations
    • Assure individual and community ability to adopt and sustain mitigation strategies
    • Mitigate adverse effects and impacts on health disparities and social determinants of health
    • Foster mental and emotional health and resilience
    • Minimize negative physical, mental, and emotional challenges related to mitigation strategies
  1. Thrive socially, emotionally and economically

It is also important to understand:

Factors that affect timing & selection of strategies as well as outcomes

Community: Epidemiology; public health, organizational, and health care system capacity; characteristics, needs of disproportionately affected populations; & community lifelines

Individual: Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, motivation; social support; access to resources and ability to implement strategies; demographics