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Future Directions and Resources

Future Directions and Resources

Evaluating and Caring for Patients with Post-COVID Conditions: Interim Guidance

Updated June 14, 2021
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Future Directions

Research is underway to define the post-acute and long-term phases of COVID-19, and to distinguish health effects exclusively related to infection with SARS-CoV-2 from consequences of hospitalization, and from medical procedures and treatments required for care of people with severe disease of any etiology (e.g., post-intensive care syndrome). The natural history of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19-related illnesses is a current area of investigation, and the prevalence, type, duration, and severity of persistent symptoms following resolution of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as risk factors associated with their development, continue to be studied. CDC has also partnered with the National Institute of Health (NIH), aligning efforts within the federal government to support the PASC initiativeexternal icon.

Knowledge of post-COVID conditions is likely to change rapidly with ongoing research. Healthcare professionals and patients should continue to check for updates on evolving guidance for post-COVID conditions. CDC will continue to work in collaboration with federal, state, local, academic, and community partners to better understand the long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection, and this guidance will be updated as new information emerges.


  • CDC COVID-19 Response’s Post-COVID Conditions Unit
  • External Post-COVID Condition Experts: Kathleen Bell MD, Jean Marie Connors MD, Jill Foster MD, Dixie Harris MD, Jonathan Himmelfarb MD, Judith James MD PhD, Nomi Levy-Carrick MD MPhil, Mitchell Miglis MD, Allison Navis MD, Jennifer Possick MD, Wendy S. Post MD MS, Peter Rowe MD, Bazak Sharon MD


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