CDC has updated its guidance for people who are fully vaccinated. See Recommendations for Fully Vaccinated People.
CDC recommends schools continue to use the current COVID-19 prevention strategies for the 2020-2021 school year. Learn more
Important update: Healthcare facilities
CDC has updated select ways to operate healthcare systems effectively in response to COVID-19 vaccination. Learn more

Risk for COVID-19 Infection, Hospitalization, and Death By Age Group

Risk for COVID-19 Infection, Hospitalization, and Death By Age Group
Updated Feb. 18, 2021

Rate ratios compared to 5- to 17-year-olds1

Rate ratios compared to 18-29 year olds
  0-4 years old 5-17 years old 18-29 years old 30-39 years old 40-49 years old 50-64 years old 65-74 years old 75-84 years old 85+ years old
Cases2 <1x Reference group 2x 2x 2x 2x 1x 1x 2x
Hospitalization3 2x Reference group 6x 10x 15x 25x 40x 65x 95x
Death4 2x Reference group 10x 45x 130x 440x 1,300x 3,200x 8,700x

All rates are relative to the 5- to 17-year-old age category. Sample interpretation: Compared with 5- to 17-year-olds, the rate of death is 45 times higher in 30- to 39-year-olds, and 8,700 times higher in those who are 85-plus.


1 Rates are expressed as whole numbers, with values less than 10 rounded to the nearest integer, two-digit numbers rounded to nearest multiple of five, and numbers greater than 100 rounded to two significant digits.

2 Includes all cases reported by state and territorial jurisdictions (accessed 3/22/2021). The denominators used to calculate rates are based on the 2019 Vintage population, https://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2019/popest-nation.htmlexternal icon.

3 Includes all hospitalizations reported through COVID-NET (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/covid-data/covid-net/purpose-methods.html, from 3/01/2020 through 3/13/2021, accessed on 3/23/2021). Rates are standardized to the 2020 US standard COVID-NET catchment population.

4 Includes all deaths in National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) provisional death counts (https://data.cdc.gov/NCHS/Provisional-COVID-19-Death-Counts-by-Sex-Age-and-S/9bhg-hcku, accessed on 3/22/2021).