General Information

  • Campylobacteriosis. In: CDC Yellow Book 2020: Health Information for International Travel. CDC
    Laughlin ME, Chatham-Stephens K, Geissler AL. Editors: Brunette GW, Nemhauser JB. New York: Oxford University Press. 2019.
  • Features of illnesses caused by five species of Campylobacter, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet)—2010–2015. DOI PubMed
    Patrick ME, Henao OL, Robinson T, Geissler AL, Cronquist A, Hanna S, et al. Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Jan; 146(1): p. 1-10.
  • Campylobacter Enteritis. In: Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, 20th ed. DOI APHA
    Mahon B, Patrick ME. Editor: Heymann D. Washington, D.C.: American Public Health Association. 2014: p. 88–90.


  • Post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome following Campylobacter infection. AJG  PubMed
    Walter ES, Crim SM, Bruce BB, Griffin PM. Am J Gastro. 2019 Oct; 114(10): p. 1649–56.
  • Incidence of Campylobacter-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome estimated from health insurance data. DOI PubMed
    Walter ES, Crim SM, Bruce BB, Griffin PM. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2019 Sep.
  • Post-Campylobacter Guillain-Barré syndrome in the USA: secondary analysis of surveillance data collected during the 2009–2010 novel influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaign. DOI PubMed
    Laufer-Halpin A, Gu W, Wise ME, Sejvar JJ, Hoekstra RM, Mahon BE. Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Oct; 146(13): p. 1740–45.

Studies & Surveillance

  • Characteristics of Campylobacter and Salmonella infections and acute gastrointestinal illness in older adults in Australia, Canada, and the United States. DOI PubMed
    White A, Ciampa N, Chen Y, Kirk M, Nesbitt A, Bruce BB, Walter ES. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Jan; 69(9): p. 1545–52.
  • Increasing Campylobacter infections, outbreaks, and antimicrobial resistance—United States 2004–2012. DOI PubMed
    Geissler A, Bustos Carrillo F, Swanson K, Patrick ME, Fullerton KE, Bennett C, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Oct; 65(10): p. 1624–31
  • Evaluation of the use of zero-augmented regression techniques to model incidence of Campylobacter infections in FoodNet. DOI PubMed
    Tremblay M, Crim SM, Cole DJ, Hoekstra RM, Henao OL, Döpfer D. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2017 Oct; 14(10): p. 587–92.
  • Do differences in risk factors, medical care seeking, or medical practices explain the geographic variation in campylobacteriosis in Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) sites? DOI PubMed
    Ailes E, Scallan E, Berkelman RL, Kleinbaum DG, Tauxe RV, Moe CL. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun; 54 (Suppl 5): p. S464–71.
  • Riding in shopping carts and exposure to raw meat and poultry products: prevalence of, and factors associated with, this risk factor for Salmonella and Campylobacter infection in children younger than 3 years. DOI PubMed
    Patrick ME, Mahon BE, Zansky SM, Hurd S, Scallan E. J Food Prot. 2010 Jun; 73(6): p. 1097–100.
  • Higher rate of culture-confirmed Campylobacter infections in Australia than in the USA: is this due to differences in healthcare-seeking behaviour or stool culture frequency? DOI PubMed
    Vally H, Hall G, Scallan E, Kirk MD, Angulo FJ. Epidemiol Infect. 2009 Dec; 137(12): p. 1751–58.
  • Sporadic Campylobacter infection in infants: a population-based surveillance case-control study. DOI PubMed
    Fullerton KE, Ingram LA, Jones TF, Anderson BJ, McCarthy PV, Hurd S, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis. 2007 Jan; 26(1): p. 19–24.
  • Fresh chicken as main risk factor for campylobacteriosis, Denmark. DOI PubMed
    Wingstrand A, Neimann J, Engberg J, Nielsen EM, Gerner-Smidt P, Wegener HC, Mølbak K. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Feb; 12(2): p. 280–85.
  • Risk factors for sporadic Campylobacter infection in the United States: a case-control study in FoodNet sites. DOI PubMed
    Friedman CR, Hoekstra RM, Samuel M, Marcus R, Bender J, Shiferaw B, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Apr; 38 (Suppl 3): p. S285–96.
  • Sporadic Campylobacter jejuni infections in Hawaii: associations with prior antibiotic use and commercially prepared chicken. DOI PubMed
    Effler P, Ieong MC, Kimura A, Nakata M, Burr R, Cremer E, Slutsker L. J Infect Dis. 2001 Apr; 183(7): p. 1152–55.


  • Ongoing outbreak of extensively drug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni infections associated with US pet store puppies, 2016–2020. DOI PubMed
    Francois Watkins LK, Laughlin ME, Joseph LA, Chen JC, Nichols M, Basler C, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Sep; 4(9).
  • Chicken liver-associated illness outbreaks of campylobacterosis and salmonellosis, United States, 2000–2016: identifying opportunities for prevention. DOI PubMed
    Lanier WA, Hale KR, Geissler AL, Dewey-Mattia D. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2018 Nov; 15(11): p. 726–33.
  • Multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni outbreak linked to puppy exposure—United States, 2016–2018. MMWR PubMed
    Montgomery MP, Silver R, Sundararaman P, Francois Watkins LK, Friedman C, Geissler AL, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018 Sep; 67(13): p. 1032–35.
  • Multilocus sequence typing confirms wild birds as the source of a Campylobacter outbreak associated with the consumption of raw peas. DOI PubMed
    Kwan PS, Xavier C, Santovenia M, Pruckler J, Stroika S, Joyce K, et al. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014 Aug; 80(15): p. 4540–56.
  • Common source outbreaks of Campylobacter infection in the USA, 1997–2008. DOI PubMed
    Taylor EV, Herman KM, Ailes EC, Fitzgerald C, Yoder JS, Mahon BE, Tauxe RV. Epidemiol Infect. 2013 May; 141(5): p. 987–96.
  • Notes from the Field: Campylobacter jejuni infections associated with sheep castration—Wyoming, 2011. MMWR
    Van Houten C, Musgrave K, Weidenbach K, Murphy T, Manley W, Geissler A, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011 Dec; 60(48): p. 1654
  • Campylobacter jejuni infection associated with unpasteurized milk and cheese—Kansas, 2007. MMWR PubMed
    Hunt DC, Bañez Ocfemia MC, Neises D, Hansen G, Aghoghovbia ST. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009 Jan; 57(51): p. 1377–79.
  • Brief report: gastroenteritis among attendees at a summer camp—Wyoming, June–July 2006. MMWR PubMed
    Van Houten C, Baker L, Weidenbach K, Bryan K, Murphy T, Mainzer H, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2007 Apr; 56(15): p. 368–70.

Antibiotic Resistance

  • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and successful treatment of hospitalised patients with extensively drug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni infections linked to a pet store puppy outbreak. DOI PubMed
    Goyal D, Francois Watkins LK, Montgomery MP, Bodeis Jones SM, Caidi H, Friedman CR. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2021 Sep; 26: p. 84–90.
  • Report of erm(B)+ Campylobacter jejuni in the United States. DOI PubMed
    Chen JC, Tagg KA, Joung YJ, Bennett C, Francois-Watkins L, Eikmeier D, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018 May; 62(6): e02615-17.
  • Whole-genome sequencing analysis accurately predicts antimicrobial resistance phenotypes in Campylobacter spp. DOI PubMed
    Zhao S, Tyson GH, Chen Y, Li C, Mukherjee S, Young S, et al. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Oct 30; 82(2): p. 459–66.
  • Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinones from use in poultry: a public health success story. DOI PubMed
    Nelson JM, Chiller TM, Powers JH, Angulo FJ. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Apr; 44(7): p. 977–80.
  • Prolonged diarrhea due to ciprofloxacin-resistant Campylobacter infection. DOI PubMed
    Nelson JM, Smith KE, Vugia DJ, Rabatsky-Ehr T, Segler SD, Kassenborg HD, et al. J Infect Dis. 2004 Sept; 190(6): p. 1150–57.
  • Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter infections: eating poultry outside of the home and foreign travel are risk factors. DOI PubMed
    Kassenborg HD, Smith KE, Vugia DJ, Rabatsky-Ehr T, Bates MR, Carter MA, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Apr 15; 38 (Suppl 3): p. S279–84.


  • Comparison of molecular subtyping and antimicrobial resistance detection methods used in a large multistate outbreak of extensively drug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni infections linked to pet store puppies. DOI PubMed
    Joseph LA, Francois Watkins LK, Chen J, Tagg KA, Bennett C, Caidi H, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2020 Sep; 58(10): e00771-20.
  • Multicenter evaluation of clinical diagnostic methods for detection and isolation of Campylobacter spp. from stool. DOI PubMed
    Fitzgerald C, Patrick M, Gonzalez A, Akin J, Polage CR, Wymore K, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2016 May; 54(5): p. 1209–15.
  • Clinical laboratory practices for the isolation and identification of Campylobacter in Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) sites: baseline information for understanding changes in surveillance data. DOI PubMed
    Hurd S, Patrick M, Hatch J, Clogher P, Wymore K, Cronquist AB, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun; 54 (Suppl 5): p. S440–5.
  • Utility of multilocus sequence typing as an epidemiological tool for investigation of outbreaks of gastroenteritis caused by Campylobacter jejuni. DOI PubMed
    Sails AD, Swaminathan B, Fields PI. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Oct; 41(10): p. 4733–39.

Less Common Species

  • Campylobacter fetus subsp. testudinum subsp. nov., isolated from humans and reptiles. DOI PubMed
    Fitzgerald C, Tu ZC, Patrick M, Stiles T, Lawson AJ, Santovenia M, et al. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2014 Sep; 64(Pt 9): p. 2944–48.
  • Campylobacter fetus infections in humans: exposure and disease. DOI PubMed
    Wagenaar JA, van Bergen MA, Blaser MJ, Tauxe RV, Newell DG, van Putten JP. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jun; 58(11): p. 1579–86.
  • Human infections with new subspecies of Campylobacter fetus. DOI PubMed
    Patrick ME, Gilbert MJ, Blaser MJ, Tauxe RV, Wagenaar JA, Fitzgerald C. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Oct; 19(10): p. 1678–80.