TBI-related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths (EDHDs)

Key Findings

In 2014, there were approximately 2.87 million TBI-EDHDs in the United States, including over 837,000 occurring among children. This includes:

  • Approximately 2.53 million TBI-related ED visits, including over 812,00 occurring among children.
  • Approximately 288,000 TBI-related hospitalizations, including over 23,000 occurring among children.
  • 56,800 TBI-related deaths, including 2,529 occurring among children.

TBI-EDHD Trends

  • The number of total TBI-EDHDs increased by 53% from 2006 (N approximately 1.88 million) to 2014 (N approximately 2.88 million).
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
EDHDs total 1,884,195 1,925,173 2,019,166 2,377,868 2,521,966 2,653,617 2,735,909 2,797,754 2,877,757
Emergency department visits 1,551,107 1,603,124 1,698,326 2,047,886 2,143,133 2,332,299 2,390,167 2,460,278 2,532,537
Hospitalizations 278,655 267,350 267,015 277,315 325,996 267,480 290,360 281,555 288,420
Deaths 54,433 54,699 53,825 52,667 52,837 53,837 55,382 55,921 56,800

Sources: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project’s (HCUP) Nationwide Emergency Department Sample for emergency department visits; HCUP’s Nationwide Inpatient Sample for hospitalizations; CDC’s National Vital Statistics System for deaths.