CDC Agency-wide Responses

Browse the CDC emergency response timeline below and click on an image to read more.

See all Timeline Events >

2022 mpox
2022 | Mpox
2022 hurricane ida
2021 | Hurricane Ida
2020 covid virus
2020 |COVID-19
2019 vaping
2019 | Lung Injury Associated with Vaping
2019 ebola virus
2019 | Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
2018 hurricane florence
2018 | Hurricane Florence
  • Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria
    CDC’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC) activated to bring together CDC staff to work efficiently in responding to public health needs in the aftermath of Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria.
  • Flint Michigan Water Contamination
    During April 25, 2014 – October 15, 2015, approximately 99,000 residents of the City of Flint, MI, were exposed to lead when the drinking water source was switched from the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint Water System (FWS).
  • Zika Virus Response
    CDC’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC) activated for the Zika response on January 22, 2016 to assist state, tribal, local, and territorial jurisdictions with their Zika responses in a wide range of activities.
  • Multistate Cyclospora Outbreak
    Cyclosporiasis is an intestinal illness caused by the microscopic parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis. People can become infected with Cyclospora by consuming food or water contaminated with the parasite.
  • Avian Influenza H7N9 Response
    In March 2013, three human infections with a novel avian influenza A(H7N9) virus were identified in China.
  • Polio Eradication Response
    On December 2, 2011, former CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, activated CDC’s Emergency Operations Center to strengthen the agency’s partnership engagement through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).
  • Hurricane Irene
    CDC worked with state and local governments, and other federal agencies to help communities recover from Hurricane Irene. Irene made U.S. landfall along the East Coast on August 27 and continued to move northeast as a tropical storm.
  • Japan Earthquake - Tsunami Radiation
    On March 11, CDC immediately activated its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) in Atlanta to respond to the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami and radiation release in Japan.
  • New Hampshire Anthrax Event
    In December 2009, a New Hampshire woman contracted gastrointestinal anthrax in a drumming event where animal-hide drums of multiple ages and origins were played.
  • Cholera Outbreak in Haiti
    On October 20, 2010, the first outbreak of cholera ever confirmed in Haiti was recognized 10 months after the catastrophic earthquake that killed over 200,000 people and displaced over 1 million.
  • Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
    On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon drilling unit exploded off the coast of Louisiana, resulting in 11 deaths and the largest marine petroleum release in history.
  • Haiti Earthquake
    A magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck near Port-au-Prince, Haiti on January 12.
  • H1N1 Influenza Pandemic Response
    The 2009 H1N1 was a unique combination of influenza virus genes never previously identified in either animals or people. This new influenza was first detected in a 10-year-old patient in California on April 15, 2009.
  • Salmonella Typhimurium
    As of January 15, 2009, 43 states reported more than 400 individuals who were infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Typhimurium.
  • Hurricanes Gustav, Hanna, & Ike
    On September 1, 2008, Gustav made landfall as a category 2 hurricane near Cocodrie, Louisiana. It left more than 1.4 million households without power and caused $4.6 billion of damage.
  • Tropical Storm Edouard
    Tropical Storm Edouard started as a tropical depression in the northern Gulf of Mexico on August 3, 2008.
  • Hurricane Dolly
    Hurricane Dolly, a Category 2 storm, struck the Texas-Mexico coastline on July 23, 2008.
  • Salmonella Saintpaul
    On May 22, 2008, CDC received notification from the New Mexico Department of Health and the Indian Health Service. They were investigating a cluster of illnesses: 19 people sick with symptoms of foodborne disease.
  • E. Coli Multi-State Response
    CDC, state departments of health and agriculture in several states, and the United States Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service investigated a multi-state outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections.
  • Hurricane Dean
    Hurricane Dean formed west of the southernmost Cape Verde Islands as a tropical depression on August 13, 2007.
  • Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis
    In 2007, a U.S. air traveler sparked interested in this rate type of TB that is resistant to almost all drugs.
  • E. Coli Outbreak (Spinach)
    In 2006, a CDC investigation with the State of California and the Food and Drug Administration linked a multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli (E. coli) 0157:H7 to fresh bagged spinach from California.
  • Mycoplasma Pneumoniae in Rhode Island
    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a leading cause of respiratory infections. From September 2006 to February 2007, there was a M. pneumoniae outbreak among students at four schools in Rhode Island.
  • Tropical Storm Ernesto
    CDC activated its EOC to support public health needs in the aftermath of Tropical Storm Ernesto.
  • Botulism Outbreak (Carrot Juice)
    A commercial brand of carrot juice caused two events of foodborne botulism in 2006. Three residents of Georgia consumed commercially produced carrot juice from the same bottle.
  • Mumps in Iowa
    Mumps is an acute viral infection characterized by fever and nonsuppurative swelling of the salivary glands.
  • Indonesia Earthquake – Tsunami
    On December 26, 2004, an earthquake measuring 9.2 on the Richter scale off the northwest coast of the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, produced a tsunami that caused the deaths of an estimated 230,000 persons in India, Indonesia, the Maldives, Somalia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.
  • Hurricanes Rita and Wilma
    Hurricane Rita made landfall 26 days after Hurricane Katrina near the Texas-Louisiana border, forcing cessation of hurricane-response activities in New Orleans and evacuation of coastal regions of Louisiana and Texas.
  • Hurricane Katrina
    Hurricane Katrina struck the coastal areas of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi on August 29, 2005, causing substantial numbers of deaths among both humans and animals, infrastructure damage, and flooding.
  • Marburg Virus Outbreak
    Marburg virus disease is a rare but severe hemorrhagic fever that affects both people and non-human primates.
  • Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan, & Jeanne
    During August 13, 2004 – September 25, 2004, Florida experienced four major hurricanes: Charley and Frances (both Category 4) and Ivan and Jeanne (both Category 3).
  • West Nile Virus
    West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of mosquito-borne disease in the continental United States. In 2004, a total of 36 states reported 1,053 cases of human WNV illness to CDC
  • Avian Influenza
    In January 2004, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus of the H5N1 subtype was first confirmed in poultry and humans in Thailand.
  • Mad Cow Disease
    On December 23, 2003, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) discovered bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease, in a single “downer” (i.e., nonambulatory disabled) dairy cow in Washington state.
  • California Wildfire
    On October 25, 2003, a massive wildfire began in San Diego County. Over a period of three days, the air quality deteriorated to unhealthy and hazardous levels, prompting school cancellations and the public to stay at home.
  • Investigation of a Ricin-Containing Envelope
    On October 15, 2003, an envelope with a threatening note and a sealed container was processed at a mail processing and distribution facility in Greenville, South Carolina.
  • Hurricane Isabel
    On September 18, 2003, Hurricane Isabel, a Category 2 hurricane, made landfall on the Outer Banks of North Carolina (NC).
  • Mpox Virus
    In 2003, the United States experienced an outbreak of mpox, the first time human mpox was reported outside of Africa.
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
    Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was a global disease outbreak in 2003 that was caused by a coronavirus called SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV).  The illness was first reported in Asia in February 2003.
  • Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster
    On February 01, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated when it re-entered Earth’s atmosphere. Debris from the shuttle was found in a wide area underneath its path, mainly in eastern Texas and Louisiana.
  • Anthrax
    Following the September 11 attacks in New York City and Washington DC, the United States suffered through another national scare. Multiple bioterrorism attacks using B. anthracis (anthrax) spores were sent through the mail, resulting in several deaths and numerous exposures.
  • September 11 Attacks
    On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked two passenger planes and crashed them into the two towers of the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City. These synchronized attacks were the largest act of terrorism ever committed on U.S. soil.