Early Care and Education (ECE)
Most young children spend time in care outside of their home, making the ECE setting one of the best places to reach young children with obesity prevention efforts.
- An estimated 73% of children 3-5 years old not yet in kindergarten are in a non-parental care arrangement on a weekly basis. 1
- ECE centers are the primary weekly care arrangement for more than 7.5 million children birth through age 5 not yet in kindergarten.1
- Children birth to 3 years old attending ECE centers spend an average of 32 hours a week at the center.2
The Monthly Obesity Prevention in ECE Networking Call and News Blast shares expertise and resources around improved nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention in the ECE setting.
Email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
State ECE systems can promote standards that address nutrition, infant feeding, physical activity, and screen time. ECE facilities can implement practices and programs that support healthy eating and physical activity among young children. These improvements can directly affect what children eat and drink, how active they are, reduce their screen time, support moms who breastfeed, and build a foundation for healthy living.
What is CDC’s Role?
CDC provides funding, training, and technical assistance to a variety of organizations to carry out obesity prevention efforts for the ECE setting based on our Spectrum of Opportunities Cdc-pdf[PDF-655KB] framework. The Spectrum outlines how a state’s ECE system can embed recommended standards and support for obesity prevention. The Quick Start Action Guide (April 2018) Cdc-pdf[PDF-512KB] guides users through the Spectrum and provides action steps to plan or strengthen state-level efforts in obesity prevention. CDC’s current funded programs that include obesity prevention efforts for the ECE setting are bulleted below. Read more about prior funded projects.
- The State Physical Activity and Nutrition Program (SPAN; 1807) cooperative agreement award funds 16 states for statewide initiatives to implement evidence-based strategies at state and local levels to improve nutrition and physical activity. All grantees are required to implement and integrate nutrition and physical activity standards into statewide early care and education (ECE) systems.
- The Healthy Kids, Healthy Future Technical Assistance Program (TAPS), a partnership with the Nemours Foundation, funds 10 states to improve and expand nutrition and physical activity through existing states ECE systems based on the CDC’s ECE Spectrum of Opportunities and, where appropriate, at the ECE facility level.
- The 2019 Obesity Mini-Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Network (Mini CoIIN), a partnership with the Association of State and Public Health Nutritionists, funds 5 states to improve ECE nutrition environments, policies and /or practices statewide utilizing a comprehensive farm to ECE approach. Read more about all 5 states Cdc-pdf[PDF-1.38MB].
- The Physical Activity Learning Session (PALS) Project, a partnership with the Nemours Foundation, is building the capacity of three states to better integrate physical activity (PA) into statewide ECE technical assistance and training networks so that they can equip ECE providers with the knowledge, skills, and resources to engage and lead infants, toddlers, and preschoolers in PA.
- The High Obesity Program (HOP; 1809) cooperative agreement funds land grant universities to work with community extension services in states with counties that have more than 40% of adults with obesity. HOP grantees can choose to fund activities targeting the ECE setting.
- The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) cooperative agreement funds a national program to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities through local, culturally appropriate programs among African Americans, American Indians, Hispanics/Latinos, Asian Americans, Alaska Natives, and Pacific Islanders. REACH grantees can choose to fund activities targeting the ECE setting.
In addition, CDC tracks states’ obesity prevention efforts targeting the ECE setting, releasing the first ever ECE State Indicator Report in 2016.
This section provides tools and resources to help states, ECE systems, and public health practitioners promote good nutrition and physical activity in the ECE setting.
- Spectrum of Opportunities Cdc-pdf[PDF-665KB] 1-pager
- Quick Start Action Guide for State Efforts (April 2018) Cdc-pdf[PDF-512KB]
- Breastfeeding and Early Care and Education (ECE) Cdc-pdfCdc-pdf[PDF-259KB]
- Increasing Access to Drinking Water and Other Healthier Beverages in ECE Settings Cdc-pdf[PDF-3.68MB]
- Caring for Our Children National Guidelines for Obesity Prevention Standards in ECEExternal
- Institute of Medicine reports:
- Achieving a State of Healthy Weight Report: National Assessment of Child Care Regulations (2017)External
- Go NAP SACCExternal – Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care
- National Farm to Early Care and Education WebsiteExternal
This section highlights successes from grantees at the state and local level to promote good nutrition and physical activity in the ECE setting.
- ECE Highlights from State Health Departments Cdc-pdf[PDF-283KB].
- Hawai’i Gathers Information About Early Child Care by Using a Carbon-Copy Survey Cdc-pdf[PDF-109KB]
- Michigan Early Child Care: Improving Nutrition and Physical Activity Standards Cdc-pdf[PDF-636KB]
- New Mexico Early Care and Education Centers Create Lasting Wellness Changes Cdc-pdf[PDF-638KB]
- North Dakota Department of Health Makes Healthy Living Easier for Young Children Cdc-pdf[PDF-460KB]
- Ohio Health Department Makes Healthy Food Choices Easier for Ohio Children Cdc-pdf[PDF-410KB]
- Alaska Child Care Workgroup Addresses Childhood Obesity Cdc-pdf[PDF-126KB]
- Lessons Learned from the Arizona Empower Program Cdc-pdf[PDF-3.55MB]
- Healthy Kids Healthy Future: State Examples and Success StoriesExternal.
- Wood County, Wisconsin, Childcare Providers Remove Breastfeeding Barriers
- Child Care Sites in York County, Maine, Move Toward Better Health
- Making Health Easier: Healthy Changes Start in Preschool – Los Angeles, CA (English)
- Making Health Easier: Healthy Changes Start in Preschool – Los Angeles, CA (Spanish)
- Early Childhood Program Participation, Results from the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2016: First Look National Center for Education Statistics Web siteExternal. Accessed April 2, 2019.
- Early Care and Education Usage and Households’ Out-of-Pocket Costs: Tabulations from the National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) OPRE Report #2016-09 | August 2016 [PDF-2.41MB]External Accessed April 2, 2019.