Resources and References


Food Safety Resources

Healthcare Resources

Recent Journal Articles on Norovirus from CDC Researchers

Domestic Disease Burden

International Disease Burden

Outbreak Reports

  • Marsh ZA, Grytdal SP, Beggs JC, Leshem E, Gastañaduy PA, Rha B, Nyaku M, Lopman BA, Hall AJ. The unwelcome houseguest: Secondary household transmission of norovirus. Epidemiology and Infection 2017 Dec 12:1-9.
  • Leshem E, Gastanaduy PA, Trivedi T, Laufer Halpin A, Pringle J, Lang F, Gregoricus N, Vinjé J, Behravesh CB, Parashar U, Hall AJ. Norovirus in a United States Virgin Islands resort: Outbreak investigation, response, and costs. Journal of Travel Medicine 2016;23(5):1-6.
  • Steele MK, Wikswo ME, Hall AJ, et al. Characterizing Norovirus Transmission from Outbreak Data, United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2020;26(8):1818-1825. doi:10.3201/eid2608.191537.


  • Osuka H, Hall AJ, Wikswo ME, Baker JM, Lopman BA. Temporal relationship between healthcare-associated and nonhealthcare-associated norovirus outbreaks and Google Trends data in the United States. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology 2018:1-4
  • Cannon JL, Barclay L, Collins NR, Wikswo ME, Castro CJ, Magaña LC, Gregoricus N, Marine RL, Chhabra P, Vinje J. Genetic and epidemiologic trends of norovirus outbreaks in the United States from 2013 to 2016 demonstrated emergence of novel GII.4 recombinant viruses. J Clin Micro 2017;55(7):2208-2221.
  • Halasa N, Piya B, Stewart LS, et al. The Changing Landscape of Pediatric Viral Enteropathogens in the Post-Rotavirus Vaccine Era [published online ahead of print, 2020 Feb 3]. Clin Infect Dis. 2020;ciaa100. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa100

Immunity, Diagnosis, and Control

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Articles

Editorials and Commentaries

Reviews, meta-analysis and literature reviews