Resources & References


Food Safety Resources

Healthcare Resources


Recent Journal Articles on Norovirus from CDC Researchers

Domestic Disease Burden


International Disease Burden

Outbreak Reports

  • Marsh ZA, Grytdal SP, Beggs JC, Leshem E, Gastañaduy PA, Rha B, Nyaku M, Lopman BA, Hall AJ. The unwelcome houseguest: Secondary household transmission of norovirus. Epidemiology and Infection 2017 Dec 12:1-9.
  • Leshem E, Gastanaduy PA, Trivedi T, Laufer Halpin A, Pringle J, Lang F, Gregoricus N, Vinjé J, Behravesh CB, Parashar U, Hall AJ. Norovirus in a United States Virgin Islands resort: Outbreak investigation, response, and costs. Journal of Travel Medicine 2016;23(5):1-6.



  • Osuka H, Hall AJ, Wikswo ME, Baker JM, Lopman BA. Temporal relationship between healthcare-associated and nonhealthcare-associated norovirus outbreaks and Google Trends data in the United States. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology 2018:1-4
  • Cannon, Jennifer L. et al. “Genetic and Epidemiologic Trends of Norovirus Outbreaks in the United States from 2013 to 2016 Demonstrated Emergence of Novel GII.4 Recombinant Viruses.” Ed. Yi-Wei Tang. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 55.7 (2017)
  • Cannon JL, Barclay L, Collins NR, Wikswo ME, Castro CJ, Magaña LC, Gregoricus N, Marine RL, Chhabra P, Vinje J. Genetic and epidemiologic trends of norovirus outbreaks in the United States from 2013 to 2016 demonstrated emergence of novel GII.4 recombinant viruses. J Clin Micro 2017;55(7):2208-2221.


Immunity, Diagnosis, and Control

  • Leone CM, Dharmasena M, Tang C, Dicaprio E, Ma Y, Araud E, Bolinger H, Rupprom K, Yeargin T, Li J, Schaffner D, Jiang X, Sharp J, Vinjé J, Fraser A. Prevalence of Human Noroviruses in Commercial Food Establishment Bathrooms. J Food Prot. 2018 May;81(5):719-728
  • Chhabra P, Gregoricus N, Weinberg GA, Halasa N, Chappell J, Hassan F, Selvarangan R, Mijatovic-Rustempasic S, Ward ML, Bowen M, Payne DC, Vinje J. Comparison of three multiplex gastrointestinal platforms for the detection of gastroenteritis viruses. Journal of Clinical Virology 2017;95:66-71.
  • Park GW, Chhabra P, Vinjé J. Swab sampling method for the detection of human norovirus on surfaces. Journal of Visual Experimentation 2017;120:e55205.
  • Kambhampati A, Shioda K, Gould LH, Sharp D, Brown LG, Parashar UD, Hall AJ. A state-by-state assessment of food service regulations for prevention of norovirus outbreaks. J Food Prot 2016;79(9):1527-1536.
  • Park GW, Collins N, Barclay L, Hu L, Prasad BV, Lopman BA, Vinjé J. Strain-Specific Virolysis Patterns of Human Noroviruses in Response to Alcohols. PLoS One. 2016;11(6):e0157787.
  • Nordgren J. Sharma S, Kambhampati A, Lopman B, Svensson L. Innate resistance and susceptibility to norovirus infectionExternalPLoS Pathogens 2016;12(4):e1005385.
  • Kambhampati A, Payne DC, Costantini V, Lopman BA. Host genetic susceptibility to enteric viruses: a systematic review and metaanalysisExternalClinical Infectious Diseases 2016;62(1):11-8.
  • Costantini VP, Cooper EM, Hardaker HL, Lee LE, Bierhoff M, Biggs C, et al. Epidemiologic, virologic, and host genetic factors of norovirus outbreaks in long-term care facilitiesExternalClinical Infectious Diseases2016;61(1):1-10.
  • Lopman B, Simmons K, Gambhir M, Vinjé J, Parashar U. Epidemiologic implications of asymptomatic reinfection: a mathematical modeling study of norovirusExternalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology 2014;179(4):507-12.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Articles


Editorials and Commentaries


Reviews, meta-analysis and literature reviews