Public Safety Program

Law Enforcement

Law Enforcement officer

NIOSH Resources and Publications

Safety and Health in Law Enforcement
NORA is a partnership program designed to improve occupational safety and health across the nation. Law enforcement agencies and organizations are able to come together to collaborate on ways to reduce risks associated with personnel.

Nonfatal Injuries to Law Enforcement Officers: A Rise in AssaultsExternal
Using data from 2003-2014, NIOSH researchers found a significant upward trend in assault injuries among U.S. law enforcement officers.

Ebola Information for Law Enforcement Professionals in U.S.Cdc-pdf
NIOSH Fact Sheet on how Ebola is spread, symptoms, and ways law enforcement personnel are able to protect themselves from risk of exposure.

Fentanyl: Preventing Occupational Exposure to Emergency Responders
Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic drug similar, yet much more potent, to morphine and heroin. Law enforcement personnel have a high risk of coming in contact with the drug, unknowingly from its many forms. Exposure can be quick and lethal.

Evaluation of Needlestick Injuries and Other Exposures to Bloodborne Pathogens Among Officers in a City Police DepartmentCdc-pdf
Researchers reviewed records of needlestick injuries and other potential bloodborne pathogens exposure incidents among police officers in a city department.

Stress and Health in Law Enforcement
NIOSH Science Blog demonstrating how stress influences Law Enforcement Officers through the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) study.

Health Hazard Evaluations

A Health Hazard Evaluation is a study of a workplace that is done to learn whether workers are exposed to hazardous materials or harmful conditions and to provide recommendations for protecting these workers. More than 100 Health Hazard Evaluation Reports have been published related to Public Safety workers. You can search for reports of interest. A few examples are:

In December 2018, the NORA Public Safety Council hosted a webinar on HHEs. The archived recording is available below.

Law Enforcement Officer Motor Vehicle Safety
Motor vehicle incidents are the leading cause of on-the-job deaths for U.S. Law Enforcement Officers. NIOSH has made this webpage to inform LEO of fast facts, resources, and news on how to reduce these incidences.

Indoor firing ranges are popular among law enforcement and recreational shooters because they offer protection from inclement weather conditions and can be operated around the clock under controlled environmental conditions. However, many firing range facilities lack environmental and occupational controls to protect the health of shooters and range personnel from effects of airborne lead, noise, and other potential exposures.

Some recent examples are:


Bureau of Justice StatisticsExternal

Fraternal Order of PoliceExternal

InterAgency Board for Emergency Preparedness and ResponseExternal

International Association of Chiefs of PoliceExternal

International Law Enforcement Educators and Trainers AssociationExternal

Major Cities Chiefs AssociationExternal

National Association of Police OrganizationsExternal

National Criminal Justice Reference ServiceExternal

National Institute of JusticeExternal

National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial FundExternal

National Sheriffs’ AssociationExternal

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services – DOJExternal

Police Executive Research ForumExternal

Police FoundationExternal


Page last reviewed: January 28, 2019