Oil and Gas Extraction: Burden, Need & Impact

Burden, Need, and Impact

There were over 428,000 workers employed in the oil and gas extraction industry in 2017. During 2008–2017, 1,038 oil and gas extraction workers were killed on the job1, resulting in an annual fatality rate more than six times higher than the rate among all U.S. workers. Several subgroups of workers have been found to be at even greater risk of being killed on the job – contractors, workers employed by small companies, and short service employees. Risks associated with chemical hazards have not been fully characterized.

To help protect these workers, NIOSH strives to maximize its impact in occupational safety and health. The Oil and Gas Extraction Program identifies priorities to guide its investments in research, basing those priorities on the evidence of burden, need, and impact.

The NIOSH Oil and Gas Extraction Program establishes burden and need through surveillance data and statistics and stakeholder input. Surveillance data show how workers are being killed, injured, or impaired. Customers and stakeholders identify their needs and the value of our products and services, and we communicate with our stakeholders regularly to better understand those needs. We conduct research to identify and control safety and health hazards and evaluate intervention effectiveness. We then use an external peer-review process to evaluate our research products and to enhance the impact of our work.

Burden, need, and impact for priority Oil and Gas Extraction Program areas are detailed below.

Page last reviewed: November 30, 2018, 12:00 AM