Healthcare and Social Assistance: Burden, Need and Impact

Burden, Need and Impact

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Over 21 million workers were employed in private and public sector industries covered by the Healthcare and Social Assistance (HCSA) program in 2017. While employing 13.8% of the workforce, these industries experienced more than 679,900 occupational injuries and illnesses, 19.9% of the total for all industries.1 Although injuries and illnesses are challenging to track and are frequently undercounted, this is the best estimate available at this time.2 Work-related fatalities are not as common in HCSA compared to other industries. Nevertheless, in 2017, industries covered by the HCSA program had 2.9% of the fatalities among all workers in the U.S.1 Data related to some of these health outcomes may be available in the NIOSH Worker Health Charts (WHC). WHC is a web application

Worker Health Charts Logo

that uses data from various sources to visualize worker health data that may be difficult to find or not charted elsewhere. Note that some industries may not be represented in this tool due to small sample size.

NIOSH strives to maximize its impact in occupational safety and health. The HCSA Program identifies priorities to guide investments, and base those priorities on the evidence of burden, need, and impact. Below are the priority areas for this program.

References

1BLS [2018]. Labor force statistics from the current population survey. Characteristics of the employed. Household data annual averages. Table 18. Employed persons by detailed industry, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, https://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat18.pdfpdf iconexternal icon.

2BLS [2017] Numbers of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by industry and case types, 2017. Table 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/osh/os/summ2_00_2017.htmexternal icon.

3BLS [2017] Fatal occupational injuries by industry and event or exposure, all United States, Table A-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cftb0313.htmexternal icon

Page last reviewed: November 9, 2018