Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content


	Fire Fighters spraying water on massive fire

The United States depends on about 1.1 million fire fighters to protect its citizens and property from fire. Approximately 336,000 are career fire fighters, 812,000 are volunteers, and 80 to 100 die in the line of duty each year.

To address this occupational hazard, the NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program conducts independent investigations of fire fighter line-of-duty deaths.


During the period from 2001 to 2014, approximately 11% (150 out of 1,396) of fire fighter line-of-duty deaths were training-related. To address this risk, NIOSH has released the publication Preventing Deaths and Injuries of Fire Fighters During Training Exercises  which provides recommendations on training in accordance with established standards to prevent life-threatening consequences.

Safety Tip

	check mark

Phase in a mandatory comprehensive wellness and fitness program for fire fighters.