CDC's TB Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC's Tuberculosis Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC’S TB WORK SAVES LIVES AND MONEY

WE CAN ELIMINATE TUBERCULOSIS IN THE U.S.

9,025 cases of active tuberculosis (TB) were reported in the U.S. in 2018—the lowest number on record

Eliminating TB in the U.S. requires expanding testing and treatment among people at risk for latent TB infection and strengthening case finding and treatment for TB disease

Up to 13 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have latent TB infection (TB bacteria live in their body but they do not feel sick)

Without treatment, latent TB infection can become TB disease

LIVES

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CDC invests $80 million annually in health departments across the nation for TB prevention, control, and laboratory services

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CDC invests $20 million in research to improve the evidence base for diagnosing, preventing, and treating TB: one clinical trial showed a shorter 12-week treatment for TB prevention was as effective as the nine-month treatment

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CDC also invests over $5 million annually in the TB Centers of Excellence for Training, Education, and Medical Consultation: from 2013-2017 the Centers trained 48,588 health care providers and provided 11,500 medical consultations

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Every year health departments funded by CDC evaluate 100,000 people at risk after having come into contact with someone with TB disease

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CDC genotypes TB cultures from more than 95 percent of all TB patients in the U. S.— and almost 100 percent of all TB cultures are tested for drug resistance

MONEY

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U.S. TB control efforts have prevented up to 319,000 TB cases and averted up to $14.5 billion in costs to society between 1995-2014

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Directly observed therapy is the gold standard of treatment delivery for TB disease, but it is time-consuming for the patient and health care provider: CDC created a toolkit to help patients and providers use technology to decrease treatment time and cost burdens while maintaining high quality of care—leading to potential savings

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Each case of multidrug-resistant TB prevented saves the U.S. health system more than $294,000

TREATING LATENT TB INFECTION PREVENTS TB DISEASE

$600: cost to treat one person with latent TB infection

$19,000: cost to treat one person with drug-susceptible TB

$175,000: cost to treat one person with multidrug-resistant TB

$544,000: cost to treat one person with extensively drug-resistant TB

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

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Page last reviewed: February 6, 2020