CDC’s TB Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC's Tuberculosis Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC’S TB WORK SAVES LIVES AND MONEY

WE CAN ELIMINATE TUBERCULOSIS IN THE U.S.

  • 8,916 cases of active tuberculosis (TB) were reported in the U.S. in 2019—the lowest number on record
  • Eliminating TB in the U.S. requires expanding testing and treatment among people at risk for latent TB infection and strengthening case finding and treatment for TB disease.
  • Up to 13 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have latent TB infection (TB bacteria live in their body but they do not feel sick).
    • Without treatment, latent TB infection can become TB disease

LIVES

  • CDC invests $80 million annually in health departments across the nation for TB prevention, control, and laboratory services
  • CDC invests $20 million in research annually to improve the evidence base for diagnosing, preventing, and treating TB: one clinical trial identified a shorter 4-month treatment regimen for TB disease that was as effective as the existing 6-month regimen. This is the first new short treatment regimen for drug-susceptible TB disease in almost 40 years.
  • CDC also invests over $5 million annually in the TB Centers of Excellence for Training, Education, and Medical Consultation: from 2018-2020 the Centers trained an estimated 22,800 healthcare workers and provided over 7,100 medical consultations.
  • Every year health departments funded by CDC evaluate 100,000 people at risk after having come into contact with someone with TB disease.

MONEY

  • S. TB control efforts have prevented up to 319,000 TB cases and averted up to $14.5 billion in costs to society between 1995-2014
  • Directly observed therapy is the gold standard of treatment delivery for TB disease, but it is time-consuming for the patient and health care provider: CDC created a toolkit to help patients and providers use technology to decrease treatment time and cost burdens while maintaining high quality of care—leading to potential savings

TREATING LATENT TB INFECTION PREVENTS TB DISEASE

  • $500: cost to treat one person with latent TB infection
  • $20,000: cost to treat one person with drug-susceptible TB
  • $178,000: cost to treat one person with multidrug-resistant TB
  • $553,000: cost to treat one person with extensively drug-resistant

 

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

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Page last reviewed: October 1, 2021