CDC’s Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC Saves Lives, Saves Money infographic

For people living in the United States, CDC’s HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, Tuberculosis, and School Health Programs Save Lives and Save Money


  • About 1.2 million people have HIV
  • Nearly 40,000 new HIV infections each year
  • $28 billion spent annually in direct medical costs
  • More than 100,000 HIV cases were prevented from 2008-2017, saving $4.58 billion over the decade

Viral Hepatitis

  • Nearly 2.4 million people are living with hepatitis C
  • About 862,000 people are living with hepatitis B
  • New hepatitis C virus infections reported to CDC quadrupled from 2009-2018
  • Only one-third of people chronically infected with hepatitis B were aware of their infection in 2013-2016
  • About $3.3 billion could be saved in health care costs by treating hepatitis C at all stages of disease

Sexually Transmitted Infections

  • More than 20 million new STD cases occur each year
  • 1 in 5 people had a sexually transmitted infection on any given day in 2018
  • $16 billion spent annually in direct medical costs
  • In the past 15 years, CDC-funded state and local STD programs prevented 5.6 million cases
  • of gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia and 3,200 STD-attributable HIV infections, saving about $2.4 billion in lifetime medical costs


  • Up to 13 million people are living with latent TB infection
  • 8,916 TB cases were reported to CDC in 2019
  • The cost of treating one person with extensively drug-resistant TB is $553,000
  • S. TB control efforts have prevented up to 319,000 TB cases and averted up to $14.5 billion in costs to society from 1995-2014

Adolescent and School Health

  • There were significant improvements in sexual risk behavior and high-risk substance use from 2009-2019
  • Student reports of negative mental health and safety issues still continue to increase student
  • CDC support only reaches about 8% (2 million) of the 26 million middle and high school students nationwide

For <$10 per student, the CDC school health program demonstrates improvements in important health outcomes, including sexual risk, su

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Page last reviewed: March 19, 2019