CDC's Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC Saves Lives, Saves Money infographic

1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV

  • 1.8 million students reached by school health programs to reduce risk behaviors
  • 22% of the new HIV diagnoses among 13-24 year olds
  • 3 million HIV tests funded by CDC annually: 12,500 tested positive, representing 1/3 of new diagnoses in the U.S.
  • Knowing one’s status is the first step in getting care and treatment, and in protecting others. Ninety percent of new HIV infections are transmitted by people not diagnosed or not in care
  • $14.9 billion lifetime medical costs averted through HIV prevention between 2008 and 2014

An estimated 20 million STD infections among people in the U.S. per year; half among 15- to 24-year-olds

  • 5.7 million cases of gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia and 3,300 STD-attributable HIV infections prevented over the past 15 years through CDC-supported state and local STD programs that serve uninsured and under-insured populations
  • $2.4 billion in lifetime medical costs averted from 2002-2016 by gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia prevention

2.4 million people in the U.S. are living with hepatitis C and 862,000 people living in the U.S. are living with hepatitis B

  • 1 in 12 Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders has hepatitis B, but 2 out of 3 are unaware of their infection
  • 800,000 hepatitis C infections identified if CDC’s testing guidelines were followed
  • 320,000 hepatitis C related deaths would be averted through linkage to care and treatment
  • $6 billion liver disease-related costs saved if testing and treatment guidelines for hepatitis C were followed

Up to 13 million people in the U.S. are living with latent TB infection

  • Up to 319,000 cases of TB disease averted over the past 20 years
  • More than 100,000 people evaluated annually for TB disease and latent TB infection
  • About 9,200 cases of TB disease per year in the U.S., the majority of which are diagnosed and treated by CDC-funded TB programs
  • Cheaper to prevent TB disease than to treat it: $600 to treat latent TB infection; $19,000 to treat TB disease; $164,000 to treat multidrug-resistant TB; $526,000 to treat extensively multidrug-resistant TB
  • Up to $14.5 billion in healthcare costs averted over the past 20 years through TB prevention

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

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Page last reviewed: March 19, 2019