CDC's HIV Work Saves Lives and Money

CDC's HIV Work Saves Lives and Saves Money infographic

CDC’S HIV WORK in the U.S. Saves Lives and Money

More than 1.2 million Americans with HIV

37,832 new HIV diagnoses in 2018

$485,000: lifetime cost to treat one person with HIV infection

20% new HIV infections occur in teens and young adults

1 in 7 people are unaware of their HIV infection

4 in 5 people who could benefit from PrEP, a medicine to prevent HIV, aren’t getting it

Knowing one’s HIV status is the first step in getting care and treatment – and in protecting others

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During 2008-2017, about 10,000 fewer new HIV infections occurred each year as compared to years prior, preventing more than 100,000 HIV cases over the decade, and saving $4.58 billion.


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In 2017, CDC funded more than 3 million HIV tests in 61 jurisdictions in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.  Through this project:

  • 11,843 people were newly diagnosed with HIV—nearly one-third of all new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. that year
  • Eighty-three percent of people newly diagnosed with HIV through CDC- funded programs were linked to care within 90 days
  • People who tested positive as part of a CDC-funded program, named 33,294 partners who could be at risk—more than a quarter of those tested were identified as living with HIV


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Each year CDC-funded programs reach approximately 2 million students to prevent infection of HIV and other STDs at the cost of less than $10 per student

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Since 2013, funded education agencies increased the proportion of schools that implemented quality sexual health education programs from 61 percent to 81 percent in middle schools and from 83 percent to 91 percent in high schools

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School-based HIV/STD prevention programs are cost-effective. One study found that $1 invested in school-based HIV & STD prevention efforts saved $2.65 in medical and social costs.

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

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Page last reviewed: February 6, 2020