Public Health Models and Tools

What to know

NCEZID has developed and published tools to give public health decision makers actionable data during routine public health work and emergencies. The tools below are available for download, either on CDC’s website or as supplemental materials to publications.

Graphic depiction of a flowchart with a hand pointing to the middle

Biological Threat Planning and Response Tools

  • Maxi-Vac: Informs planning for large-scale smallpox vaccination clinics with maximum patient flow-through.
  • Anthrax Assist: Projects hospitalizations and casualties from a newly detected inhalation anthrax event and evaluates the impact of a population-wide campaign to provide antibiotic prophylaxis.
  • Beds for Ebola Disease (BED): Estimates the number of specialized beds for treating Ebola patients in the United States as a result of an outbreak abroad.
  • EbolaResponse: Estimates the future number of Ebola cases.
  • MedCon:Pre-Event: Estimates the baseline medical care requirements (per 100,000 unit of population) following a disaster due to terrorism or natural phenomenon.

Pandemic Planning and Response

Increased Demand for Staff, Services, and Supplies

  • COVID-19 Surge: Enables hospital administrators and public health officials to estimate the surge in demand for hospital-based services during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • COVIDTracer and COVIDTracer Advanced: Allows users to estimate the resources needed for and model the impact of contact tracing activities in terms of the numbers of COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations averted.
  • COVID-Vac: Helps managers of large-scale COVID-19 vaccination clinics to set up clinics and maximize the triaging of patients.
  • FluAid 2.0: Assists state and local level planners to prepare for the next influenza pandemic.
  • FluSurge 2.0: Helps hospital administrators and public health officials estimate the surge in demand for hospital-based services during the next influenza pandemic.
  • FluLabSurge 1.0: Assists laboratory directors with forecasting demand for specimen testing during an influenza pandemic and developing response plans.
  • Demand for Respirators and Surgical Masks During Influenza Pandemic in the United States: Informs planning for an influenza pandemic by estimating U.S. demand for N95 filtering respirators (respirators) by healthcare and emergency services personnel and the need for surgical masks by pandemic patients seeking care.
  • Influenza AH7N9 Models in Response to a Potential Public Health Emergency: Presents five models assessing the potential demand for mechanical ventilators, respirators and surgical masks, influenza anti-viral drugs, and the potential impacts of a vaccination program and school closures to prepare for a potential AH7N9 influenza pandemic.

Vaccination Planning

  • Community Flu: Simulates the spread of influenza through a model community and the impact of a variety of potential interventions.
  • FluWork Loss 1.0: Estimates the potential number of days lost from work due to an influenza pandemic.
  • Influenza School Closure: Examines the effect caused by school closures using different contact matrices.

Vaccination Planning and Evaluation

  • RabiesEcon: Assists planning large-scale dog rabies vaccination programs.

Tools to Assess Public Health Surveillance and Interventions