2015 Demographics: Enrollment in Early Intervention (EI)

December 2017

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Source: 2015 CDC Hearing Screening and Follow-up Survey (HSFS)*

*Each jurisdiction’s submitted data underwent a cleaning and error check process. Jurisdictions reporting ≥20% of total infants receiving diagnostic testing in the “unknown” category, for each demographic variable, were excluded from this analysis.

ǂPercentage of infants enrolled in Part C EI services for each category is calculated among the total number of infants with hearing loss (i.e. % Males Enrolled in Part C EI After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss = ( # Total Enrolled in Part C EI: Male / # Total with Hearing Loss:Male ) * 100 ). Test for significant difference between percentages was calculated using Pearson’s chi-square test where α = 0.05 (Software: SAS 9.4, Cary, NC).

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2015ǂ: by Gender
Among the 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported diagnostic demographic data on maternal race, 61.4% of infants with White Non-Hispanic mothers, 63.0% of infants with White Hispanic mothers, 57.1% of infants with White (ethnicity unknown) mothers, 52.2% of infants with Black Non-Hispanic mothers, 50.3% of infants with Black Hispanic mothers, and 43.9% of infants with Black (ethnicity unknown) mothers, received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening. In addition, 65.3% of infants with Asian mothers, 44.4% of infants with mothers who are Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 29.3% of infants with mothers who are American Indian or Alaskan Native and 61.4% of infants with mothers who were reported as Other race, received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening.

Data reported by 51 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2015: includes AK, American Samoa, AZ, AR, CA, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, District of Columbia, FL, GA, Guam, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MD, MA, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, Palau, Puerto Rico, RI, SC, SD, TN, RX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2015ǂ: by Maternal Age
Among the 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal age, 55.5% of infants with mothers 15 to 19 years of age, 60.5% of infants with mothers 20 to 24 years of age, 66.3% of infants with mothers 25 to 34 years of age, 71.5% of infants with mothers 35 to 50 years of age, and 83.0% of infants with mothers 51 years or older, enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

N/A: Not applicable – The number of infants reported is too small to draw any conclusions about this maternal age group.
Data reported by 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2015: includes AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IA, KS, KY, LA, Marshall Islands, MA, MS, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OK, OR, Palau, Puerto Rico, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2015ǂ: by Maternal Education
Among the 28 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal education, 58.9% of infants with mothers who have less than a high school education, 58.3% of infants with mothers who have a high school diploma or GED, 63.8% of infants with mothers who have some college or an associate degree and 70.7% of infants with mothers who have a college degree or more enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

Data reported by 28 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2015: includes AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, FL, GA, HI, IA, KS, LA, MA, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NC, OH, OR, Palau, RI, SD, TN, VT, VA, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2015ǂ: by Maternal Ethnicity
Among the 35 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal ethnicity, 55.7% of infants with Hispanic mothers and 70.1% of infants with Non-Hispanic mothers enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

Data reported by 35 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2015: includes American Samoa, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, GA, Guam, HI, IN, IA, KS, LA, MA, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OR, Palau, Puerto Rico, RI, SC, SD, TN, VT, VA, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2015ǂ: by Maternal Race
Among the 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal race, 69.1% of infants with White Non-Hispanic mothers, 72.3% of infants with White Hispanic mothers, 59.1% of infants with White (ethnicity unknown) mothers, and 64.5% of infants with Black Non-Hispanic mothers, enrolled in Part C EI after diagnosed with hearing loss. In addition, 69.1% of infants with Asian mothers, 58.3% of infants with mothers who are Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 40.0% of infants with mothers who are American Indian or Alaskan Native and 60.3% of infants with mothers who were reported as Other race, enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

N/A: Not applicable – The number of infants reported is too small to draw any conclusions about this maternal race group.

Data reported by 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2015 includes American Samoa, AZ, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, FL, GA, Guam, HI, IA, KS, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MA, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OR, Palau, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WI, WY.

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