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Select CDC NARMS Publications

Publications, 2007-2012

Salmonella, non-typhoidal serotypes

  1. Outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg infections linked to a single poultry producer -- 13 states, 2012-2013. MMWR. 2013 Jul 12;62(27):553-6.
  2. Glenn LM, Lindsey RL, Folster JP, Pecic G, Boerlin P, Gilmour MW, Harbottle H, Zhao S, McDermott PF, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Frye JG. Antimicrobial resistance genes in multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica isolated from animals, retail meats, and humans in the United States and Canada. Microb Drug Resist. 2013 Jun;19(3):175-84.
  3. Sjolund-Karlsson M, Howie RL, Blickenstaff K, Boerlin P, Ball T, Chalmers G, Duval B, Haro J, Rickert R, Zhao S, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Whichard JM. Occurrence of beta-lactamase genes among non-Typhi Salmonella enterica isolated from humans, food animals, and retail meats in the United States and Canada. Microbial drug resistance. 2013;19(3):191-7.
  4. Folster JP, Pecic G, Singh A, Duval B, Rickert R, Ayers S, et al. Characterization of extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg isolated from food animals, retail meat, and humans in the United States 2009. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2012 Jul;9(7):638-45.
  5. Hoffmann M, Zhao S, Luo Y, Li C, Folster JP, Whichard J, et al. Genome sequences of five Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg isolates associated with a 2011 multistate outbreak in the United States. J Bacteriol. 2012 Jun;194(12):3274-5.
  6. Folster JP, Pecic G, Rickert R, Taylor J, Zhao S, Fedorka-Cray PL, et al. Characterization of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg from a ground turkey-associated outbreak in the United States in 2011. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Jun;56(6):3465-6.
  7. Folster JP, Pecic G, McCullough A, Rickert R, Whichard JM. Characterization of bla(CMY)-encoding plasmids among Salmonella isolated in the United States in 2007. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011 Dec;8(12):1289-94.
  8. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Joyce K, Blickenstaff K, Ball T, Haro J, Medalla FM, et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility to azithromycin among Salmonella enterica isolates from the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011 Sep;55(9):3985-9.
  9. Crump JA, Medalla FM, Joyce KW, Krueger AL, Hoekstra RM, Whichard JM, et al. Antimicrobial resistance among invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella enterica isolates in the United States: National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System, 1996 to 2007. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011 Mar;55(3):1148-54.
  10. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Howie R, Krueger A, Rickert R, Pecic G, Lupoli K, et al. CTX-M-producing non-Typhi Salmonella spp. Isolated from humans, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Jan;17(1):97-9.
  11. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Rickert R, Matar C, Pecic G, Howie RL, Joyce K, et al. Salmonella isolates with decreased susceptibility to extended-spectrum cephalosporins in the United States. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010 Dec;7(12):1503-9.
  12. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Howie R, Rickert R, Krueger A, Tran TT, Zhao S, et al. Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance among non-Typhi Salmonella enterica isolates, USA.  Emerg Infect Dis. 2010 Nov;16(11):1789-91.
  13. M'ikanatha NM, Sandt CH, Localio AR, Tewari D, Rankin SC, Whichard JM, et al. Multidrug-resistant Salmonella isolates from retail chicken meat compared with human clinical isolates. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010 Aug;7(8):929-34.
  14. Folster JP, Pecic G, Bolcen S, Theobald L, Hise K, Carattoli A, et al. Characterization of extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg isolated from humans in the United States. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010 Feb;7(2):181-7.
  15. Folster JP, Rickert R, Barzilay EJ, Whichard JM. Identification of the aminoglycoside resistance determinants armA and rmtC among non-Typhi Salmonella isolates from humans in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Oct;53(10):4563-4.
  16. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Folster JP, Pecic G, Joyce K, Medalla F, Rickert R, et al. Emergence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance among non-Typhi Salmonella enterica isolates from humans in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 May;53(5):2142-4.
  17. Petrov P, Hendriksen RS, Kantardjiev T, Asseva G, Sørensen G, Fields P, et al. Occurrence and characterization of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar 9,12:l,v:- strains from Bulgaria, Denmark, and the United States. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2009 May;28(5):473-9.
  18. Hendriksen RS, Seyfarth AM, Jensen AB, Whichard J, Karlsmose S, Joyce K, et al. Results of use of WHO Global Salm-Surv external quality assurance system for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Salmonella isolates from 2000 to 2007.  J Clin Microbiol. 2009 Jan;47(1):79-85.
  19. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Yam J, Schwenk J, Joyce K, Medalla F, Barzilay E, Whichard JM. Human Salmonella Infection Yielding CTX-M β-Lactamase, United States [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Dec;14(12):1957-9.
  20. Zioga A, Whichard JM, Joyce K, Tzouvelekis L, Tzelepi E, Miriagou V. Chromosomal and plasmid location of CMY-2 cephalosporinase gene in Salmonella serotype Typhimurium.  J Antimicrob Chemother. 2008 Jun;61(6): 1389-90.
  21. Egorova S, Timinouni M, Demartin M, Granier SA, Whichard JM, Sangal V, et al. Ceftriaxone-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Newport, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Jun;14(6):954-7.
  22. Whichard JM, Gay K, Stevenson JE, Joyce KJ, Cooper KL, Omondi M, et al. Human Salmonella and concurrent decreased susceptibility to quinolones and extended-spectrum cephalosporins. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Nov;13(11):1681-8.
  23. Aarestrup FM, Hendriksen RS, Lockett J, Gay K, Teates K, McDermott PF, et al. International spread of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Schwarzengrund in food products. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 May;13(5):726-31.  
  24. Stevenson J, Gay K, Barrett TJ, Medalla F, Chiller TM, Angulo FJ. Increase in quinolone resistance among non-Typhi Salmonella in the United States, 1996-2002 Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2007 Jan;51 (1):195-197.
  25. Medalla F, Hoekstra RM, Whichard JM, Barzilay EJ, Chiller TM, Joyce K, Rickert R, Krueger A, Stuart A, Griffin PM. Increase in resistance to ceftriaxone and nonsusceptibility to ciprofloxacin and decrease in multidrug resistance among Salmonella strains, United States, 1996–2009. Foodborne Pathog Dis, 2013 Apr;10(4):302-9.

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Salmonella serotype Typhi (the agent of Typhoid Fever) and Salmonella serotype Paratyphi

  1. Medalla F, Sjölund-Karlsson M, Shin S, Harvey E, Joyce K, Theobald L, et al. Ciprofloxacin-resistant Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhi, United States, 1999–2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Jun;17(6):1095-8.
  2. Lynch MF, Blanton EM, Bulens S, Polyak C, Vojdani J, Stevenson J, et al. Typhoid Fever in the United States, 1999-2006. JAMA 2009 Aug;302(8):859-865.
  3. Crump JA, Kretsinger K, Gay K, Joyce KW, Vugia DJ, Megginson M, et al. Clinical response and outcome of infection with Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi with decreased susceptibility to fluoroquinolones: a United States foodnet multicenter retrospective cohort study. AAC 2008 Apr;52 (4):1278-84.
  4. Gupta SK, Medalla F, Omondi MW, Whichard JM, Fields PI, Gerner-Smidt P, et al. Laboratory-based surveillance of paratyphoid fever in the United States: travel and antimicrobial resistance. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jun 1;46(11):1656-63.


  1. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Bowen A, Reporter R, Folster JP, Grass JE, Howie RL, et al. Outbreak of infections caused by Shigella sonnei with reduced susceptibility to azithromycin, United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. [published online 28 December 2012] [PDF - 5 pages]
  2. Folster JP, Pecic G, Bowen A, Rickert R, Carattoli A, Whichard JM. Decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin among Shigella isolates in the United States, 2006 to 2009. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011 Apr;55(4):1758-60.
  3. Howie RL, Folster JP, Bowen A, Barzilay EJ, Whichard JM. Reduced azithromycin susceptibility in Shigella sonnei, United States. Microb Drug Resist. 2010 Dec;16(4):245-8.
  4. Wong MR, Reddy V, Hanson H, Johnson KM, Tsoi B, Cokes C, et al. Antimicrobial resistance trends of Shigella serotypes in New York City, 2006-2009. Microb Drug Resist. 2010 Jun;16(2):155-61.
  5. Folster JP, Pecic G, Krueger A, Rickert R, Burger K, Carattoli A, et al. Identification and characterization of CTX-M-producing Shigella isolates in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 May;54(5):2269-70.

Escherichia coli

  1. Folster JP, Pecic G, Taylor E, Whichard J. Characterization of isolates from an outbreak of multidrug-resistant, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O145 in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011 Dec;55(12):5955-6.
  2. Krueger AL, Folster J, Medalla F, Joyce K, Perri MB, Johnson L, et al. Commensal Escherichia coli isolate resistant to eight classes of antimicrobial agents in the United States.  Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2011 Feb;8(2):329-32.


  1. Katz LS, Petkau A, Beaulaurier J, Tyler S, Antonova ES, Turnsek MA, Guo Y, Wang S, Paxinos EE, Orata F, Gladney LM, Stroika S, Folster JP, Rowe L, Freeman MM, Knox N, Frace M, Boncy J, Graham M, Hammer BK, Boucher Y, Bashir A, Hanage WP, Van Domselaar G, Tarr CL. Evolutionary dynamics of Vibrio cholerae O1 following a single-source introduction to Haiti. MBio. 2013;4(4).
  2. Sjölund-Karlsson M, Reimer A, Folster JP, Walker M, Dahourou GA, Batra DG, et al. Drug-resistance mechanisms in Vibrio cholerae O1 outbreak strain, Haiti, 2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Nov;17(11):2151-4.


  1. Ge B, Wang F, Sjolund-Karlsson M, McDermott PF. Antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter: Susceptibility testing methods and resistance trends. J Microbiol Methods. 2013 Oct;95(1):57-67.
  2. Nelson, JM, Chiller TM, Powers JH, Angulo FJ.  Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Campylobacter Species and the Withdrawal of Fluoroquinolones from Use in Poultry: A Public Health Success Story. CID 2007 Apr;44(7):977-980.
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Surveillance Summaries

  1. CDC NARMS Annual Reports:

Select CDC Publications, 1984-2006

  1. Varma JK, Greene KD, Ovitt J, Barrett TJ, Medalla F, Angulo FJ. Hospitalization and antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella outbreaks, 1984-2002. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Jun;11(6):943-6.
  2. Varma JK, Molbak K, Barrett TJ, Beebe JL, Jones TF, Rabatsky-Ehr T, et al. Antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella is associated with excess bloodstream infections and hospitalizations. J Infect Dis. 2005 Feb 15;191(4):554-61.
  3. Angulo FJ, Nargund VN, Chiller TC. Evidence of an association between use of anti-microbial agents in food animals and anti-microbial resistance among bacteria isolated from humans and the human health consequences of such resistance. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2004 Oct-Nov;51(8-9):374-9.
  4. Nelson JM, Smith KE, Vugia DJ, Rabatsky-Ehr T, Segler SD, Kassenborg HD, et al. Prolonged diarrhea due to ciprofloxacin-resistant Campylobacter infection. J Infect Dis. 2004 Sep 15;190(6):1150-7.
  5. Gupta A, Fontana J, Crowe C, Bolstorff B, Stout A, Van Duyne S, et al. Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Newport infections resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins in the United States. J Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 1;188(11):1707-16.
  6. Carattoli A, Tosini F, Giles WP, Rupp ME, Hinrichs SH, Angulo FJ, et al. Characterization of plasmids carrying CMY-2 from expanded-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella strains isolated in the United States between 1996 and 1998. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002 May;46(5):1269-72.
  7. Dunne EF, Fey PD, Kludt P, Reporter R, Mostashari F, Shillam P, et al. Emergence of domestically acquired ceftriaxone-resistant Salmonella infections associated with AmpC beta-lactamase. JAMA. 2000 Dec 27;284(24):3151-6.
  8. Glynn MK, Bopp C, Dewitt W, Dabney P, Mokhtar M, Angulo FJ. Emergence of multi-drug resistant Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhimurium DT104 infections in the United States. N Engl J Med. 1998 May 7;338(19):1333-8.
  9. Cohen ML, Tauxe RV. Drug-resistant Salmonella in the United States: an epidemiologic perspective. Science. 1986 Nov 21;234(4779):964-9.
  10. Holmberg SD, Wells JG, Cohen ML. Animal-to-man transmission of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella: investigations of U.S. outbreaks, 1971-1983. Science. 1984 Aug 24;225(4664):833-5.
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