Selected CDC NARMS Publications, 2013 - Present


  • Montgomery MP, Robertson S, Koski L, Slehi E, Stevenson LM, Silver R, Sundararaman P, Singh A, Joseph LA, Weisner MB, Brandt E, Prarat M, Bokanyi R, Chen JC, Folster JP, Bennett CT, Francois Watkins LK, Aubert RD, Chu A, Jackson J, Blanton J, Ginn A, Ramadugu K, Stanek D, DeMent J, Cui J, Zhang Y, Basler C, Friedman CR, Geissler AL, Crowe SJ, Dowell N, Dixon S, Whitlock L, Williams I, Jhung MA, Nichols MC, de Fijter S, Laughlin M. Multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni outbreak linked to puppy exposure—United States, 2016–2018. Morb Mort Wkly Rep. 2018 Sep;67(37). PubMedexternal icon MMWRexternal icon
  • Laughlin M, Friedman C, Nichols M. Time to get serious about antimicrobial stewardship in the commercial pet industry (Letter). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2018 July 15; 253(2): 154 – 156. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Chen JC, Tagg KA, Joung YJ, Bennett C, Francois-Watkins L, Eikmeier D, Folster JP. Report of erm(B)+ Campylobacter jejuni in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018 May;62(6):e02615-17. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Patrick ME, Henao OL, Robinson T, Geissler AL, Cronquist A, Hanna S, Hurd S, Medalla F, Pruckler J, Mahon BE. Features of illnesses caused by five species of Campylobacter, FoodNet—2010–2015. Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Jan;146(1):1–10. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Zhao S, Tyson GH, Chen Y, Li C, Mukherjee S, Young S, Lam C, Folster JP, Whichard JM, McDermott PF. Whole-genome sequencing analysis accurately predicts antimicrobial resistance phenotypes in Campylobacter Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Oct 30;82(2):459–66. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Ge B, Wang F, Sjolund-Karlsson M, McDermott PF. Antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter: Susceptibility testing methods and resistance trends. J Microbiol Methods. 2013 Oct;95(1):57­­–67. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon

Escherichia coli

  • Yamaji R, Friedman C, Rubin J, Suh J, Thys E, McDermott P, Hung-Fan M, Riley LW. A population-based surveillance study of shared genotypes of Escherichia coli isolates from retail meat and suspected cases of urinary tract infections. mSphere. 2018 Aug;3(4):e00179-18. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Yamaji R, Rubin J, Thys E, Friedman C, Riley C. Persistent pandemic lineages of uropathogenic Escherichia coli in a college community — 1999–2017. J Clin Microbiol. 2018 Feb 7:56(4):e01834–17. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Vasquez AM, Montero N, Laughlin M, Dancy E, Melmed R, Sosa L, Watkins LF, Folster JP, Strockbine N, Moulton-Meissner H, Ansari U, Cartter ML, Walters MS. Investigation of Escherichia coli Harboring the mcr-1 resistance gene – Connecticut, 2016. 2016 Sept 26;65(36):979–80. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Folster JP, Pecic G, Stroika S, Rickert R, Whichard JM. Changing plasmid types responsible for extended spectrum cephalosporin resistance in Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the United States, 1996–2009. J Glob Antimicrob Resist. 2014;2(2):87–91. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Taylor EV, Nguyen TA, Machesky KD, Koch E, Sotir MJ, Bohm SR, Folster JP, Bokanyi R, Kupper A, Bidol SA, Emanuel A, Arends KD, Johnson SA, Dunn J, Stroika S, Patel MK, Williams I. Multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O145 infections associated with romaine lettuce consumption, 2010. J Foot Prot. 2013 Jun;76(6):939–44. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon

Salmonella, non-typhoidal serotypes

  • Brown AC, Chen JC, Francois Watkins LK, Campbell D, Folster JP, Tate H, Wasilenko J, Van Tubbergen C, Friedman CR. CTX-M-65 type ESBL-producing Salmonella serotype Infantis emerging in the United States. Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Dec;24(12). PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Crim S, Chai S, Reynolds J, Swanson K, Nisler A, Gould H, Karp B, Judd M. Salmonella enterica serotype Newport infections in the US, 2004–2013: increased incidence investigated through four surveillance systems. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2018 Oct. 10;15(10). PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Tagg K, Francois Watkins L, Moore MD, Bennett C, Joung YJ, Chen JC, Folster JP. Novel trimethoprim resistance gene dfrA34 identified in Salmonella Heidelberg in the USA. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2018 Sept. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Campbell D, Tagg K, Bicknese A, McCullough A, Chen J, Karp BE, Folster JP. Identification and characterization of Salmonella enterica serotype Newport isolates with decreased susceptibility to ciprofloxacin in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018 June 26;62(7). PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Karp BE, Campbell D, Chen J, Folster J, Friedman C. Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in human non-typhoidal Salmonella infections: an emerging public health problem in the United States. Zoonoses Public Health. 2018 Nov;65(7):838-849. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Gu W, Medalla F, Hoekstra RM. Bayesian hierarchical model of ceftriaxone resistance proportions among Salmonella serotype Heidelberg. Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol. 2018 Feb;24(2):19–26. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Folster JP, Grass JE, Bickenese A, Taylor J, Friedman CR, Whichard JM. Characterization of resistance genes and plasmids from outbreaks and illness clusters caused by Salmonella resistant to ceftriaxone in the United States, 2011­–2012. Microb Drug Resist. 2017 Mar;23(2):188­–193. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Medalla F, Gu W, Mahon BE, Judd M, Folster J, Griffin PM, Hoekstra RM. Estimated incidence estimates of antimicrobial drug-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in the United States, 2004–2012. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017 Jan;23(1):29–37. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Gieraltowski L, Higa J, Peralta V, Green A, Schwensohn C, Rosen H, Libby T, Kissler B, Marsden-Haug N, Booth H, Kimura A, Grass J, Bicknese A, Tolar B, Defibaugh-Chávez S, Williams I, Wise M, Salmonella Heidelberg Investigation Team. National outbreak of multidrug resistant Salmonella Heidelberg infections linked to a single poultry company. PLoS One. 2016 Sep 15;11(9):e0162369. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Vieira AR, Grass J, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Plumblee JR, Tate H, Cole DJ. Attribution of Salmonella enterica serotype Hadar infections using antimicrobial resistance data from two points in the food supply system. Epidemiol Infect. 2016 Jul;144(9):1983–1990. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Cartwright EJ, Nguyen T, Melluso C, Ayers T, Lane C, Hodges A, Li X, Quammen J, Yendell SJ, Adams J, Mitchell J, Rickert R, Klos R, Williams IT, Barton Behravesh C, Wright J. A multistate investigation of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype I 4, [5],12:i:- infections as part of an international outbreak associated with frozen feeder rodents. Zoonoses Public Health. 2016 Feb;63(1):62–71. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Brown A, Grass JE, Richardson LC, Nisler AL, Bicknese AS, Gould LH. Antimicrobial resistance among Salmonella that caused foodborne disease outbreaks: United States, 2003–2012. Epidemiol Infect. 2016 Dec 06; 145(4):766–774. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • McDermott PF, Tyson GH, Kabera C, Chen Y, Li C, Folster JP, Ayers SL, Lam C, Tate HP, Zhao S. Whole-genome sequencing for detecting antimicrobial resistance in nontyphoidal Salmonella. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016 Aug 22;60 (9):5515–20. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Angelo KM, Reynolds J, Karp BE, Hoekstra RM, Scheel CM, Friedman C. Antimicrobial resistance among nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from blood in the United States, 2003–2013. J Infect Dis. 2016 Nov 15; 214(10):1565–1570. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Routh JA, Pringle J, Mohr M, Bidol S, Arends K, Adams-Cameron M, Hancock WT, Kissler B, Rickert R, Folster J, Tolar B, Bosch S, Barton Behravesh C, Williams IT, Gieraltowski Nationwide outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg infections associated with ground turkey: United States, 2011. Epidemiol Infect. 2015 Apr 13;143:3227–34. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Laufer AS, Grass J, Holt K, Whichard JM, Griffin PM, Gould LH. Outbreaks of Salmonella infections attributed to beef — United States, 1973-2011. Epidemiol Infect. 2015 Jul;143(9):2003–13. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Folster JP, Campbell D, Grass J, Brown AC, Bicknese A, Tolar B, Joseph LA, Plumblee JR, Walker C, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Whichard JM. Identification and characterization of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Albert isolates in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 May;59(5):2774–9. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Oneko M, Kariuki S, Muturi-Kioi V, Otieno K, Otieno VO, Williamson JM, Folster J, Parsons MB, Slutsker L, Mahon BE, Hamel MJ. Emergence of community-acquired, multidrug-resistant invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella disease in rural Western Kenya, 2009–2013. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Nov 1;61 Suppl 4:S310–6. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Folster JP, Tolar B, Pecic G, Sheehan D, Rickert R, Hise K, Zhao S, Fedorka-Cray PJ, McDermott P, Whichard JM. Characterization of blaCMY plamids and their possible role in source attribution of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium infections. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2014;11(4):301–306. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Medalla FA, Weidong G, Mahon BE, Fullerton K, Folster JP, Griffin PM, Hoekstra RM. Incidence of antimicrobial-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in the United States, 2004–2011. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2014;1(suppl_1):S237–S238. DOIexternal icon PMCexternal icon
  • O’Donnell AT, Vieira AR, Huang JY, Whichard JM, Cole D, Karp BE. Quinolone-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis infections associated with international travel. Clin Infect Dis. 2014:59(9):e139–e141. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Sjölund-Karlsson M, Howie RL, Crump JA, Whichard JM. Fluoroquinolone susceptibility testing of Salmonella enterica: detection of acquired resistance and selection of zone diameter breakpoints for levofloxacin and ofloxacin. J Clin Microbiol. 2014;52(3):877–887. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Rickert-Hartman R, Folster JP. Ciprofloxacin-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Kentucky sequence type 198 [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;20(5):910–911. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Sjolund-Karlsson M, Howie RL, Crump JA, Whichard JM. Fluoroquinolone susceptibility testing of Salmonella enterica: detection of acquired resistance and selection of zone diameter breakpoints for levofloxacin and ofloxacin. J Clin Microbiol. 2014 Mar;52(3):877–84. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Krueger AL, Greene SA, Barzilay EJ, Henao O, Vugia D, Hanna S, Meyer S, Smith K, Pecic G, Hoefer D, Griffin PM. Clinical outcomes of nalidixic acid, ceftriaxone, and multidrug-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonella infections compared with pansusceptible infections in FoodNet sites, 2006–2008. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2014;11(5):335–341. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Hoffmann M, Zhao S, Pettengill J, Luo Y, Monday SR, Abbott J, Ayers SL, Cinar HM, Muruvanda T, Li C, Allard MW, Whichard J, Meng J, Brown EW, McDermott PF. Comparative genomic analysis and virulence differences in closely related Salmonella enterica serotype Heidelberg isolates from humans, retail meats, and animals. Genome Biol Evol. 2014 May;6(5):1046–1068. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Medalla F, Hoekstra RM, Whichard JM, Barzilay EJ, Chiller TM, Joyce K, Rickert R, Krueger A, Stuart A, Griffin PM. Increase in resistance to ceftriaxone and nonsusceptibility to ciprofloxacin and decrease in multidrug resistance among Salmonella strains, United States, 1996–2009. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2013;10(4):302–309. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Sjolund-Karlsson M, Howie R, Blickenstaff K, Boerlin P, Ball T, Chalmers G, Duval B, Haro J, Rickert R, Zhao S, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Whichard JM. Occurrence of β-Lactamase genes among non-Typhi Salmonella enterica isolated from humans, food animals, and retail meats in the United States and Canada. Microb Drug Resist. 2013 Jun;19(3):191–7. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Sandt CH, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Tewari D, Ostroff St, Joyce K, M’ikanatha NM. A comparison of non-typhoidal Salmonella from humans and food animals using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. PLoS ONE. 2013 Oct 30;8(10):e77836. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Grinnell M, Provo G, Marsden-Haug N, Stigi KA, Debress E, Crarey E, Tate H, Pringle J, Grass J, Folster J, Williams I, Gieraltowski L, Laufer AS. Outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg infections linked to a single poultry producer — 13 states, 2012-2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013 Jul 12; 62(27):553–6. PubMedexternal icon MMWR
  • Glenn LM, Lindsey RL, Folster JP, Pecic G, Boerlin P, Gilmour MW, Harbottle H, Zhao S, McDermott PF, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Frye JG. Antimicrobial resistance genes in multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica isolated from animals, retail meats, and humans in the United States and Canada. Microb Drug Resist. 2013 Jun;19(3):175–84. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon

Salmonella, serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi

  • Chatham-Stephens K, Medalla F, Hughes M, Appiah G, Aubert R, Caidi H, Angelo KM, Walker AT, Ryan ET, Mintz E, Friedman C. Emergence of extensively drug-resistant Salmonella Typhi infections in the United States among travelers returning from Pakistan. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Jan; 68:11-13. MMWR
  • Date KA, Newton AE, Medalla F, Blackstock A, Richardson L, McCullough A, Mintz ED, Mahon BE. Changing patterns in enteric fever incidence and increasing antibiotic resistance of enteric fever isolates in the United States, 2008–2012. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Aug 1;63(3):322–9. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Judd MC, Grass JE, Mintz ED, Bicknese A, Mahon BE. Salmonella enterica Paratyphi A infections in travelers returning from Cambodia, United States [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015 Jun;21(6):1089–1091. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Sjolund-Karlsson M, Howie R, Rickert R, Newton A, Gonzalez-Aviles G, Crump JA. Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in isolates of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi, United States. Intl J Antimicrob Agents. 2015 Jan;45(1):88–90. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon


  • Bowen A, Grass J, Bicknese A, Campbell D, Hurd J, Kirkcaldy R. Elevated risk for antimicrobial drug–resistant Shigella infection among men who have sex with men, United States, 2011–2015. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Sep; 22(9):1613–1616. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Bowen A, Hurd J, Hoover C, Khachadourian Y, Traphagen E, Harvey E, Libby T, Ehlers S, Ongpin M, Norton JC, Bicknese A, Kimura A. Importation and domestic transmission of Shigella sonnei resistant to ciprofloxacin—United States, May 2014-February 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Apr 3;64(13):318–20. PubMedexternal icon MMWR
  • Heiman KE, Grass JE, Sjölund-Karlsson M, Bowen A. Shigellosis with decreased susceptibility to azithromycin. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014;3(11):1204–1205. DOIexternal icon
  • Heiman KE, Karlsson M, Grass J, Howie B, Kirkcaldy RD, Mahon B, Brooks JT, Bowen A. Notes from the field: Shigella with decreased susceptibility to azithromycin among men who have sex with men—United States, 2002–2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63(06):132–33. PubMedexternal icon MMWR
  • Sjölund-Karlsson M, Bowen A, Reporter R, Folster JP, Grass JE, Howie RL, Taylor J, Whichard JM. Outbreak of infections caused by Shigella sonnei with reduced susceptibility to azithromycin in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013;57(3):1559–1560. DOIexternal icon


  • Folster JP, Katz L, McCullough A, Parsons MB, Knipe Kristen, Sammons SA, Boncy J, Tarr CL, Whichard JM. Multidrug-resistant incA/C plasmid in Vibrio cholera from Haiti [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Nov; 20(11):1951–1952. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Katz LS, Petkau A, Beaulaurier J, Tyler S, Antonova ES, Turnsek MA, Guo Y, Wang S, Paxinos EE, Orata F, Gladney LM, Stroika S, Folster JP, Rowe L, Freeman MM, Knox N, Frace M, Boncy J, Graham M, Hammer BK, Boucher Y, Bashir A, Hanage WP, Domselaar GV, Tarr CL. Evoluntionary dynamics of Vibrio cholera O1 following a single-source introduction to Haiti. mBio. 2013 July 2;4(4):e00398–13. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon


  • Karp BE, Tate H, Plumblee JR, Dessai U, Whichard JM, Thacker EL, Robertson K, Wilson W, Friedman CR, Griffin PM, McDermott PF. National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System: two decades of advancing public health through integrated surveillance of antimicrobial resistance. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2017 Oct;14(10):545–557. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon
  • Fleming-Dutra KE, Friedman CR, Hicks LA. Early Azithromycin treatment to prevent severe lower respiratory tract illnesses in children [letter]. JAMA. 2016 May 17;315(19):2121–2122. PubMedexternal icon DOIexternal icon