Partners in Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety

Preventing the spread of foodborne infections from resistant bacteria is not easy. CDC works closely with partners to address foodborne antimicrobial resistance threats and inform food safety practices that protect against these threats. These partners include federal agencies, state and local health departments, representatives from the food industry, consumer groups, universities, healthcare professionals, and others.

Many of these partners play complementary roles through the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS), a US public health surveillance system that tracks antimicrobial resistance in foodborne and other enteric bacteria.

Partners in Antimicrobial Resistance and Food Safety
Humans Retail Meats Companion and Food Animals
Federal agency(s) involved
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)*
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
State agencies and academic institutions involved
  • Health departments in all 50 states and Washington, D.C.
  • Health departments in 15 states
  • Universities in 8 states
Where do the samples that are tested come from? Ill persons Retail meats from grocery stores, including
  • Chicken
  • Ground turkey
  • Ground beef
  • Pork
  • Shrimp
  • Tilapia
  • Salmon
Farm animals, including
  • Chickens
  • Turkeys
  • Cattle
  • Calves
  • Swine
  • Lambs
  • Goats
  • Catfish

Companion animals

What bacteria does NARMS test for resistance†?
  • Salmonella
  • Campylobacter
  • Escherichia coli
  • Enterococcus
  • Aeromonas
  • Vibrio
  • Salmonella
  • Campylobacter
  • Escherichia coli
  • Enterococcus
Where can I find more information? CDC NARMS FDA NARMS USDA NARMS

*USDA NARMS agencies include the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), and the Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Each USDA NARMS agency tests bacterial samples taken from food-producing animals at different stages of production.
NARMS tests bacteria from sporadic cases and outbreaks of illness for resistance to 22 antibiotic agents that are in 13 classes of drugs.
Most Escherichia coli and Enterococcus do not cause human illness, but antimicrobial resistance in these bacteria can spread to other bacteria that can make people sick.