A Health Equity Approach for Implementation of JYNNEOS Vaccination at Large, Community-Based LGBTQIA+ Events — Georgia, August 27–September 5, 2022
Weekly / October 28, 2022 / 71(43);1382–1383
On October 21, 2022, this report was posted online as an MMWR Early Release.
Alexander J. Millman, MD1,2,*; Damian J. Denson, PhD3,*; Michelle L. Allen, MPH1; John A. Malone, EdD1; Demetre C. Daskalakis, MD3; Diane Durrence, MSN, MPH1; R. Chris Rustin, DrPH1; Kathleen E. Toomey, MD1; Atlanta Black Gay Pride Festival Monkeypox Response Team (View author affiliations)View suggested citation
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Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) have been disproportionately affected during the 2022 U.S. monkeypox outbreak, with Black or African American (Black) MSM being the most affected demographic group (1). As of September 28, 2022, Georgia had reported 1,784 monkeypox cases; 98% of which occurred in males and 77% among Black persons (2). As of September 13, 2022, 60% of reported cases were among persons with HIV infection, and 50% of persons with monkeypox had a sexually transmitted infection within the past year (3). Because of racial disparities in the incidence of monkeypox cases and a large proportion of cases among MSM in Georgia, early vaccination beginning in July focused on improving equitable access by establishing new and leveraging existing partnerships with community-based organizations that serve affected populations, including persons with HIV infection. Despite these efforts, disparities persisted because of high demand and limited vaccine supply. The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) requested CDC support for a vaccine pilot and received an additional allocation of 5,500 doses of JYNNEOS vaccine for administration at events leading up to and throughout a Black gay Pride festival in Atlanta, a multiday event held Labor Day weekend (September 2–5, 2022). The event celebrates lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex, asexual, and other (LGBTQIA+) communities of color and hosts more than 125,000 attendees each year. Before the festival (as of August 24), 17,546 persons had been vaccinated in Georgia, of whom 96% were male, 34% aged 25–36 years, 44% Black, and 8% Hispanic or Latino (Hispanic) (4).
During August 27–September 5, Georgia DPH, in conjunction with metropolitan Atlanta local public health departments in five counties† and local community-based organizations, administered the additional allocation of JYNNEOS vaccine. Vaccination events held before the festival (August 27–September 1) were located at local health department clinics and at venues acceptable and convenient for Black MSM, such as familiar large event spaces, bars, and clubs. During the festival (September 2–5), vaccine events were held during the day and after hours at health department clinics and at bars and clubs via mobile vans to increase broad reach and access. Georgia DPH staff members used social media, community-based organizations, and field outreach to promote vaccination events. Vaccines were administered by Georgia DPH, partner organizations, and local health departments. Patient demographic data were collected at the time of vaccination and entered into the Georgia Immunization Registry. Aggregate data were shared with CDC. This activity was reviewed by CDC and was conducted consistent with applicable federal law and CDC policy.§
During August 27–September 5, a total of 4,282 JYNNEOS vaccine doses (78% of the additional allocation) were administered. Two thirds (2,874) of doses were administered before the festival and one third (1,408) during the event. Overall, 2,886 (67%) doses were administered at 22 routine vaccination events at health department clinics, 702 (16%) doses at 20 mobile, community pop-up events, and 694 (16%) doses at one fixed location (a Georgia DPH-sponsored mass vaccination event). Among vaccine recipients, 93% were male, 55% were aged 30–49 years, 48% were Black, and 8% were Hispanic (Table). The proportion of Black persons receiving vaccine was higher during the festival (53%) than before the event (46%), but the proportion of Hispanic recipients was similar (7% versus 8%). Nearly one third (31%) of records were missing data on state of residence.
Vaccinating communities disproportionately affected by the monkeypox outbreak is important in stopping spread of Monkeypox virus and ending the outbreak (5). A community-based approach by a coalition of festival organizers, government entities, and LGBTQIA+ community advocates was successful at improving equitable monkeypox vaccination. This work highlights the value of health department and community-based organization in-person and virtual outreach to increase health equity. Challenges to an equitable approach to monkeypox vaccination included decreasing trends in vaccine demand by the time of the event (possibly attributable to historical vaccine hesitancy or stigma), ensuring second doses for out-of-state travelers, and recent concerns about receiving second doses because of skin discoloration associated with intradermal vaccine administration.¶ Georgia DPH is implementing additional events to help ensure that persons in Georgia receive their second JYNNEOS vaccine dose. As the vaccine supply increases, distribution strategies should continue to focus on eliminating disparities and removing barriers, especially for persons who might be hesitant to be vaccinated or uncomfortable being vaccinated at a large event.
Georgia Department of Public Health; Clayton County, Cobb County, DeKalb County, Fulton County, and Gwinnett County local public health staff members; festival organizers, promoters, and staff members; partnering community-based organizations; CDC Community Engagement Task Force.
Atlanta Black Gay Pride Festival Monkeypox Response Team
Tracy Dabbs, Georgia Department of Public Health; Frederick Dobard-Gary, III, Georgia Department of Public Health; Paige E. Harton, Georgia Department of Public Health; Leah Hoffacker, Georgia Department of Public Health; Huriyyah Lewis, Georgia Department of Public Health; Sheila Lovett, Georgia Department of Public Health; Dewayne Crowder; A Vision, Hope; Brittany Johnson, Cobb & Douglas Public Health; Catherine Monroe, Cobb & Douglas Public Health; Linda O’Sullivan, DeKalb County Board of Health; Sandra Valenciano, DeKalb County Board of Health; David P. Holland, Fulton County Board of Health; Joshua O’Neal, Fulton County Board of Health; Audrey Arona, Gwinnett, Newton, and Rockdale County Health Departments; Dorian Freeman, Gwinnett, Newton, and Rockdale County Health Departments; Alana Sulka, Gwinnett, Newton, and Rockdale County Health Departments.
Corresponding author: Damian J. Denson, firstname.lastname@example.org.
1Georgia Department of Public Health; 2Division of State and Local Readiness, Center for Preparedness and Response, CDC; 3CDC Monkeypox Emergency Response Team.
All authors have completed and submitted the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest. No potential conflicts of interest were disclosed.
* These authors contributed equally to this report.
† Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton, and Gwinnett counties.
§ 45 C.F.R. part 46, 21 C.F.R. part 56; 42 U.S.C. 241(d);5 U.S.C. Section 552a; 44 U.S.C. Section 3501 et seq.
¶ Updated clinical considerations for intradermal administration of JYNNEOS vaccine allow for more discrete anatomic locations such as the upper back below the scapula or at the deltoid.
- Philpott D, Hughes CM, Alroy KA, et al.; CDC Multinational Monkeypox Response Team. Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of monkeypox cases—United States, May 17–July 22, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:1018–22. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7132e3 PMID:35951487
- Georgia Department of Public Health. Georgia monkeypox situational report: September 28, 2022. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of Public Health; 2022. https://dph.georgia.gov/document/document/mpx-situational-report-september-28-2022/download
- Georgia Department of Public Health. Board of public health meeting. Atlanta, GA; September 13, 2022. https://dph.georgia.gov/about-dph/board-public-health/board-public-health-meetings/2022-board-public-health-meetings
- Georgia Department of Public Health. Georgia monkeypox situational report: August 24, 2022. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of Public Health; 2022. https://dph.georgia.gov/document/document/georgia-monkeypox-situational-report/download
- CDC. Monkeypox: CDC’s response to the 2022 monkeypox outbreak. US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2022. Accessed September 29, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/about/cdc-response.html
Suggested citation for this article: Millman AJ, Denson DJ, Allen ML, et al. A Health Equity Approach for Implementation of JYNNEOS Vaccination at Large, Community-Based LGBTQIA+ Events — Georgia, August 27–September 5, 2022. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2022;71:1382–1383. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7143e4.
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