Announcement: World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims — November 19, 2017
Weekly / November 17, 2017 / 66(45);1261
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In October 2005, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution to mark the third Sunday in November each year as World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims to honor persons killed or injured in road crashes, recognize their families and communities, and pay tribute to the emergency crews, police, and medical professionals who deal with the traumatic aftermath of road deaths and injuries.*
Road traffic injuries are the ninth leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause of death among persons aged 15–29 years (1). Approximately 1.25 million persons die each year on the world’s roads, and 20 million to 50 million sustain nonfatal injuries (1). Although 90% of road traffic deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries (1), approximately 100 persons die and thousands more are injured in motor vehicle crashes every day in the United States (2).
A 2016 CDC study found that, among 19 high-income countries, the United States had the most motor vehicle crash deaths per 100,000 persons and per 10,000 registered vehicles, the second highest percentage of deaths involving alcohol-impaired driving, and the third lowest use of front seat belts (3). Recent trends do not show evidence of improvement. In 2016, a total of 37,461 persons were killed in road traffic crashes in the United States, a 5.6% increase from 2015 (2).
The U.S. Department of Transportation and the National Safety Council have joined with partners, including CDC, to launch the Road to Zero Coalition, with the goal of eliminating U.S. traffic deaths by 2050 (4). In the United States alone, implementing proven effective strategies to prevent road traffic deaths can save thousands of lives and hundreds of millions of dollars (3). A new Road Safety Annual Report released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development provides a global perspective. It outlines specific recommendations, potential numbers of lives saved, and potential economic losses prevented in International Road Traffic and Accident Database member and observer countries (5).
CDC supports United Nations and World Health Organization measures to dedicate 2011–2020 as the Decade of Action for Road Safety. The program was launched in May 2011 in approximately 100 countries, with the goal of preventing 5 million road traffic deaths globally by 2020. The United Nations is committed to measures to halve the number of global road traffic deaths and injuries by 2020 as one of its Sustainable Development Goals (http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/external icon). Strategies to support victims and survivors and a guide for nongovernmental organizations are available at http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/road_traffic/ngo_guide/en/external icon.
- World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2015. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2015. http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2015/en/external icon
- National Center for Statistics and Analysis. 2016 fatal motor vehicle crashes: overview. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis; 2017. https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812456external icon
- Sauber-Schatz EK, Ederer DJ, Dellinger AM, Baldwin GT. Vital signs: motor vehicle injury prevention—United States and 19 comparison countries. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016;65:672–7. CrossRefexternal icon PubMedexternal icon
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. US DOT, National Safety Council launch “Road to Zero” coalition to end roadway fatalities. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 2016. https://www.nhtsa.gov/press-releases/us-dot-national-safety-council-launch-road-zero-coalition-end-roadway-fatalitiesexternal icon
- International Transport Forum. Road safety annual report 2017. Paris, France: OECD Publishing; 2017. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/transport/road-safety-annual-report-2017_irtad-2017-enexternal icon CrossRefexternal icon
Suggested citation for this article: Announcement: World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims — November 19, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:1261. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6645a5external icon.
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