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Errata: MMWR Vol. 59, No. 1

In the report, "'Choking Game' Awareness and Participation Among 8th Graders --- Oregon, 2008," on page 5, errors occurred in the ordering of the reference list. The list should read as follows:


  1. Katz KA, Toblin RL. Language matters: unintentional strangulation, strangulation activity, and the "choking game." Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2009;163:93--4.
  2. Andrew TA, Fallon KK. Asphyxial games in children and adolescents. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2007;28:303--7.
  3. Urkin J, Merrick J. The choking game or suffocation roulette in adolescence. Int J Adolesc Med Health 2006;18:207--8.
  4. CDC. Unintentional strangulation deaths from the "choking game" among youths aged 6--19 years---United States, 1995--2007. MMWR 2008;57:141--4.
  5. Ullrich NJ, Bergin AM, Goodkin HP. "The choking game": self-induced hypoxia presenting as recurrent seizurelike events. Epilepsy Behav 2008;12:486--8
  6. Shlamovitz GZ, Assia A, Ben-Sira L, et al. "Suffocation roulette": a case of recurrent syncope in an adolescent boy. Ann Emerg Med 2003;41:223--6.
  7. Le D, Macnab AJ. Self strangulation by hanging from cloth towel dispensers in Canadian schools. Inj Prev 2001;7:231--3.
  8. Senanayake MP, Chandraratne K, de Silva T, et al. The "choking game": self-strangulation with a belt and clothes rack. Ceylon Med J 2006;51:120.
  9. Macnab A, Deevska M, Gagnon G, et al. Asphyxial game or "the choking game": a potentially fatal risk behaviour. Inj Prev 2009;15:45--9.
  10. McClave JL, Russell PJ, Lyren A, O'Riordan MA, Bass NE. The choking game: physician perspectives. Pediatrics 2010;125:82--7 [E-pub ahead of print December 14, 2009].

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