Data and Publications
Problems with mental health are very common in the United States, with an estimated 50% of all Americans diagnosed with a mental illness or disorder at some point in their lifetime. Mental illnesses, such as depression, are the third most common cause of hospitalization in the United States for those aged 18-44 years old1,2, and adults living with serious mental illness die on average 25 years earlier than others. The reports and other products in this section can serve as resources to public health officials and other health professionals who need up-to-date statistics and data sources around mental health and mental illness. However, these lists of reports and data tools are not exhaustive.
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)BRFSS collects information on health risk behaviors, preventative practices, and healthcare access. Questions include recent mentally unhealthy days, anxiety and depressive disorders, mental illness and stigma, and psychological distress.
- National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)NHANES assesses health and nutritional status through interviews and physical examinations. Collected data cover a number of conditions, including depression and anxiety, symptoms of conditions, concerns associated with mental health and substance abuse, and mental health service use and need.
- National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)NHIS collects data on both adult and children’s mental health and mental disorders. For adults, this includes serious psychological distress and feelings of depression and anxiety. For children, this includes the presence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder. The NHIS also examines mental health service use and whether individuals have unmet mental health needs. Questions about recent anxiety or frequent stress have been included in previous years.
- National Ambulatory Medical Care SurveyNAMCS collects data on visits to nonfederally employed office-based physicians who are primarily engaged in direct patient care and, starting in 2006, a separate sample of visits to community health centers. Data are collected on type of provider, medications, primary diagnoses and presence of long-lasting conditions.
- National Hospital Care Survey (NHCS)NHCS allows examination of care provided across treatment settings. Data cover physicians' diagnoses, services and procedures, types of healthcare professionals seen, hospital characteristics, discharge diagnoses, surgical and diagnostic procedures, and prescriptions for ambulatory visits.
- National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP)NSLTCP monitors trends in the supply, provision, and use of the major sectors of paid, regulated long-term care services. Data cover mental illness, depression, and service use.
- National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome (NS-DATA)NS-DATA collects information about children 2 to 15 years old in 2011-2012 who had ever been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or Tourette syndrome (TS) with the goal of better understanding diagnostic practices, level of impairment, and treatments for this group of children.
- National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS)NVDRS collects data from medical examiners, coroners, police, crime labs, and death certificates to understand the circumstances surrounding violent deaths, including suicide. NVDRS can also provide details on the circumstances that may have led to violent deaths, including mental illness and mental disorders.
- Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)PRAMS collects data on maternal attitudes and experiences before, during, and after pregnancy. Surveillance research includes the prevalence of self-reported postpartum depression and anxiety symptoms.
- School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS)SHPPS is a national survey assessing school health policies and practices at the state, district, school, and classroom levels. Collected data includes mental health and social service policies.
- WISQARS™CDC’s WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) is an interactive database system that provides customized reports of injury-related data, such as intentional self-harm including suicide.
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)The YRBSS monitors health-risk behaviors including tobacco use, substance abuse, unintentional injuries and violence, sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and STDs.
- National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH)NSCH examines the health of children including those with special needs with an emphasis on well-being, such as medical homes, family interactions, parental health, school and after-school experiences, and safe neighborhoods. The survey also collects information on the presence of a mental or behavioral problem.
Selected Scientific Articles
Albert M, Rui P, Ashman JJ. Physician office visits for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents aged 4–17 years: United States, 2012–2013. NCHS data brief, no 269. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2017.
Kegler SR, Stone DM, Holland KM. Trends in Suicide by Level of Urbanization — United States, 1999–2015External. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:270–273.
Ko JY, Rockhill KM, Tong VT, Morrow B, Farr SL. Trends in Postpartum Depressive Symptoms — 27 States, 2004, 2008, and 2012External. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:153–158.
McKnight-Eily LR, Okoro CA, Mejia R, et al. Screening for Excessive Alcohol Use and Brief Counseling of Adults — 17 States and the District of Columbia, 2014External. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017; 66:313–319.
Pratt LA, Brody DJ, Gu Q. Antidepressant use among persons aged 12 and over: United States, 2011–2014. NCHS data brief, no 283. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2017.
Robinson LR, Holbrook JR, Bitsko RH, et al. Differences in Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders Among Children Aged 2–8 Years in Rural and Urban Areas — United States, 2011–2012External. MMWR Surveill Summ 2017;66(No. SS-8):1–11.
QuickStats: Suicide Rates for Teens Aged 15–19 Years, by Sex — United States, 1975–2015External. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:816.
Bitsko RH, Holbrook JR, Robinson LR, et al. Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders in Early Childhood — United States, 2011–2012External. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016; 65:221–226.
Curtin SC, Warner M, Hedegaard H. Increase in suicide in the United States, 1999–2014. NCHS data brief, no 241. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2016.
David-Ferdon C, Crosby AE, Caine ED, Hindman J, Reed J, Iskander J. CDC Grand Rounds: Preventing Suicide Through a Comprehensive Public Health ApproachExternal. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2016;65:894–897.
Attfield KR, Dobson CB, Henn JB, , et al. Injuries and Traumatic Psychological Exposures Associated with the South Napa Earthquake — California, 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:975-978.
Black LI, Vahratian A. QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Adolescents Aged 3–17 Years with a Reported Communication Disorder During the Previous 12 Months, by Sex and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:680.
Blumberg SJ, Clarke TC, Blackwell DL. Racial and ethnic disparities in men’s use of mental health treatments. NCHS data brief, no 206. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
Burns ER, Farr SL, Howards PP. Stressful Life Events Experienced by Women in the Year Before Their Infants’ Births — United States, 2000–2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:247-251.
Decker SL, Lipton BJ. QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged 18–64 Years Who Have Seen or Talked with a Mental Health Professional in the Past 12 Months, by Health Insurance Status and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2012–2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:197.
Kanny D, Brewer RD, Mesnick JB, MPH, et al. Vital Signs: Alcohol Poisoning Deaths — United States, 2010–2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64: 1238-1242.
Nett RJ, Witte TK, Holzbauer SM, et al. Notes from the Field: Prevalence of Risk Factors for Suicide Among Veterinarians — United States, 2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:131-132.
Pastor PN, Reuben CA, Duran CR, Hawkins LD. Association between diagnosed ADHD and selected characteristics among children aged 4–17 years: United States, 2011–2013. NCHS data brief, no 201. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
Pastor P, Duran C, Reuben C. QuickStats: Percentage of Children and Adolescents Aged 5–17 Years with Diagnosed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), by Race and Hispanic Ethnicity — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 1997–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:925.
Sheu Y, Chen L, Hedegaard H. QuickStats: Suicide Rates, by Mechanism of Injury — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 1999–2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:76.
Sullivan EM, Annest JL, Simon TR, et al. Suicide Trends Among Persons Aged 10–24 Years — United States, 1994–2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015:64:201-205.
Weissman J, Pratt LA, Miller EA, Parker JD. Serious psychological distress among adults: United States, 2009–2013. NCHS data brief, no 203. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
Visser SN, Zablotsky B, Holbrook JR, etal. Diagnostic experiences of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. National health statistics reports; no 81. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
Zablotsky B, Black LI, Maenner MJ, et al. Estimated prevalence of autism and other developmental disabilities following questionnaire changes in the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. National health statistics reports; no 87. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015
- Parks J. et al. Morbidity and Mortality in People with Serious Mental IllnessCdc-pdfExternal. National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Medical Directors Council. Alexandria, VA; 2006.
- Kessler RC, et al. Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization’s World Mental Health Survey Initiative. World Psychiatry. 2007;6(3):168-176.