HPV Diseases and Cancers
HPV infections can lead to certain to certain types of cancer in men and women. Whether you have a son or daughter, talk to your child’s doctor about the HPV vaccine to prevent these cancers.
6 types of cancer caused by HPV
HPV can cause cancers of the:
- Cervix, vagina, and vulva in women
- Penisexternal icon in men
- Anusexternal icon and back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils (oropharynx), in both women and men
Cancer often takes years, even decades, to develop after a person gets HPV. CDC recommends HPV vaccination at ages 11–12 to protect against these cancers.
There is no way to know which people who have HPV will develop cancer or other health problems. People with weakened immune systems (including individuals with HIV/AIDS) may be less able to fight off HPV and more likely to develop health problems from it.
|Cases in Women||Cases in Men|
|Back of Throat||2,200||11,800|
Source: How Many Cancers Are Linked with HPV Each Year?
Data as of August 2020
HPV vaccination can prevent over 90% of HPV cancers.
Cervical cancer and HPV
More than 9 of every 10 cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV. Cervical cancer can be largely prevented by the HPV vaccine.
Every year in the United States:
- Nearly 200,000 women are estimated to be diagnosed with a cervical precancer, or abnormal cells on the cervix that can lead to cancer.
- Nearly 11,000 cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV
- Over 4,000 women die from the disease
Cervical cancer was once the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the U.S. The HPV vaccine and cervical cancer screening have made it one of the most preventable cancers. Even women who have received the HPV vaccine should get regular cervical cancer screening starting at age 21.
Screening alone won’t protect from most HPV cancers
Cervical cancer is the only type of HPV cancer with a recommended screening test. The other types of HPV cancer may not be detected until they cause health problems. HPV vaccination helps prevent these cancers by preventing infections that cause these cancers.
Boys can develop HPV cancers as adults
HPV doesn’t only affect women. Nearly 4 out of every 10 cases of cancer caused by HPV occur among men.
Every year in the U.S., over 14,000 men get cancers caused by HPV. Whether you have a son or daughter, talk to your child’s doctor about the HPV vaccine.