Upon consultation CDC can provide assistance to health departments during investigation, and share best practices based on many states’ previous experiences with issues such as: infection control breaches previously associated with transmissions in specific settings and observation recommendations, guidance for notification messages including specific populations to screen, and guidance on laboratory testing and molecular genetic investigation.
- This manuscriptexternal icon suggests an approach to follow-up of infection control breaches that focuses on the risk of bloodborne pathogen transmission.
- Healthcare-Associated Hepatitis B and C Outbreaks Reported to CDC This table summarizes healthcare-associated outbreaks of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection reported to CDC since 2008.
A sample data gathering tool word icon[DOC – 29 KB] for cases of recent/new hepatitis B or C virus infection without known risk factors for viral hepatitis to help guide health departments in identifying potential healthcare exposures that may warrant further public health investigation.
General infection prevention and control assessment tool
Example follow-up letter that could be sent to healthcare facilities and/or providers identified during an investigation
Recommended steps for investigating single cases of HBV or HCV suspected to be related to healthcare delivery
Framework for use by health departments for public notification in response to possible bloodborne pathogen exposures
CDC’s laboratory can perform testing to help epidemiologists determine whether HCV infections share a common source of transmission