Who We Are:CDC and Our Global Immunization Partners
CDC and Our Global Immunization Partners
About the CDC Global Immunization Division (GID)
CDC’s Global Immunization Division (GID) provides scientific and technical support to ministries of health and other public and private partners to control vaccine-preventable diseases around the world. Read more about GID’s global activities.
Bill Gates of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; Mrs. Sheikh Hasiba, Prime Minister of Bangladesh; and Dr, Margaret Chan, Director General of WHO at the May 2011 World Health Assembly.
No single country, agency, or institution can work alone to meet the broad range of global public health challenges. To contribute to shared global immunization initiatives, CDC works in close partnership with a wide array of public- and private-sector agencies and institutions to shape global health policies and help support national immunization programs.
CDC provides technical assistance and program guidance to ministries of health (MOH) at the country level. This assistance helps strengthen and expand countries’ abilities to create, carry out, and evaluate immunization programs.
CDC’s technical and programmatic support helps build national capacity to carry out supplemental immunization efforts for diseases such as polio and measles and enhance country efforts to deliver these vaccines routinely. Routine immunization delivery often includes vaccination against maternal and neonatal tetanus, pneumonia, meningitis, and rotavirus, as well as the provision of other newly developed but underused vaccines. In some countries, national immunization programs have also distributed free anti-malarial mosquito nets, water purification kits, and vitamin A and provided routine child development checkups.
In other efforts, CDC also helps build in-country capacity by training and developing public health professionals at all levels. CDC staff members train MOH personnel to perform VPD surveillance and monitoring, conduct outbreak investigations, and carry out routine and supplementary vaccination campaigns. CDC experts also assist MOH staff in developing high-quality vaccination data reporting systems that will support strategic management and assessment of country-level VPD efforts. Often these country-level efforts lead to enhanced regional capacity to sustain effective vaccination programs.
Meeting the challenge of preventing VPDs globally requires working closely with many international organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO)external icon, UNICEFexternal icon, the United Nations Foundation (UNF)external icon, World Bankexternal icon, Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC)external icon,and other development partners.
Through WHO and UNICEF, CDC provides technical and scientific expertise on vaccination and immunization, along with financial support to conduct VPD surveillance and supplementary and routine immunization activities. Often CDC scientists and technical experts serve in WHO’s international, regional, and in-country positions, providing unique opportunities for collaboration. Through UNICEF, CDC purchases polio and measles vaccines, supports in-country social mobilization efforts, and provides technical guidance to countries. These efforts help expand countries’ current vaccination programs as well as add newly developed but underused vaccines such as pneumococcal conjugate, meningococcal, and rotavirus vaccines.
Decade of Vaccines Collaboration and the Global Vaccine Action Plan
In January 2010, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation pledged US $10 billion over the next 10 years to support vaccine research and the development and delivery of vaccinesexternal icon to the world’s poorest countries. This generous pledge helped initiate the Decade of Vaccines (DoV) Collaboration, whoseexternal icon mission is to extend, by 2020 and beyond, the full benefits of immunization to all people, regardless of where they are born, who they are, or where they live. The ultimate goal of the collaboration is to enhance worldwide vaccine coordination in support of the DoV vision: a world where all individuals and communities enjoy freedom from vaccine-preventable diseases. The DoV’s Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP)external icon outlines the steps necessary to achieve this goal, identifies the financial resources needed, and describes a set of measures for assessing progress. This document represents a global consultative effort that gathered inputs from more than 1,100 people representing 142 countries and 297 organizations in Asia, Africa, the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, and the Western Pacific. CDC participated by providing scientific and technical assistance throughout the plan’s development.
Through public and private partnerships (PPPs), CDC works with public agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and private groups to
- Achieve common disease-control objectives.
- Leverage financial resources for global immunization activities in developing countries.
- Extend vaccination efforts to hard-to-reach populations.
PPPs help CDC and private-sector entities improve their efforts by jointly defining objectives, programs, and implementation plans. These mutually beneficial arrangements
- Enhance local and international capacity to deliver high-quality vaccination services and disease prevention programs.
- Multiply the impact of each sector by combining their core competencies.
- Fully integrate the initiative with the future health and development plans of partner countries.
Most importantly, the targeted communities and populations benefit from better health.
CDC also works with many private organizations and multilateral alliances committed to supporting global immunization, including
- Rotary Internationalexternal icon, which for more than 20 years has worked to eradicate polio worldwide through its financial support and the direct work of Rotary members.
- The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundationexternal icon, which provides funding for the “Decade of Vaccinesexternal icon” initiative and global vaccination projects primarily focusing on efforts to eradicate polio.
- The Measles & Rubella Initiativeexternal icon, a partnership led by the American Red Crossexternal icon to reduce global measles deaths through vaccination.
- The Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunizations (GAVI Alliance)external icon, which works to increase vaccine access in poor countries that could not otherwise afford to provide vaccines.
Closer to home, the CDC Foundation also provides financial support for global vaccination projects.
At the federal level, as part of CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), CDC’s staff reports to, liaises with, and gets direction from the HHS Office of Global Health Affairs (OGHA)external icon, which promotes the health of the world’s population by advancing DHHS global strategies and partnerships. Through HHS, CDC works with USAIDexternal icon and the Department of Stateexternal icon to promote international cooperation between governments and provide support for disease prevention and immunization programs.
Finally, several other divisions in CDC, both in NCIRD and other centers, also work on global immunization activities. CDC works closely with these centers and divisions to leverage support for global immunization efforts.